Be A Link! Y ELLOW R IBBON Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training for SCHOOL and COMMUNITY Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org Suicide is Be A Link! Preventable1 Through Awareness Be &Training: YOU can make a difference as a Suicide Ask 4 Help! Link! Prevention Gatekeeper, the trusted adult or helper!
Through Readiness & Natural disasters like Katrina and Preparedness: man-made events such as 9/11 and Preparedne ss Readines school suicide-related incidents Planning s have taught us that it is vital to be (1 National prepared. Strategy for Suicide Prevention) Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org 2 Be A Link! Jason Flatt Act (SB 323) Requires each school district to provide at least one hour of training each calendar year to all school staff. A building crisis plan including steps for recognizing suicide
ideation, appropriate methods of interventions, and a crisis recovery plan. Requires each school district to notify parents or legal guardians of students that the training materials are available. State Board to adopt rules and regulations necessary by January 1, 2017. Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org Be A Link! Summary of the Training The Terminology of Suicide The Facts about Suicide The Myths about Suicide The Elements of Suicide
Risk Factors Warning Signs Protective Measures Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program ---www.yellowribbon.org 4 The Terminology of Suicide Be A Link! Helps reduce stigma and raise awareness Committed / Successful Died by Suicide suicide Failed Attempt Attempted Suicide Attempt
Survivor of Suicide Survivor Loss Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org New High Risk Group 6 The Facts About Suicide Be A Link! Not uncommon for teens to think about suicide. One in five teens in the US seriously consider suicide. (APA 2010) 41,149 41,149 total total deaths, deaths, 4,878 4,878 ages ages 15-24
15-24 (AAS (AAS 2013) 2013) Second leading cause of death for ages 15-24. (AAS, 2013) 25% of teachers have been approached by teens who were at risk of suicide. (CDPHE 2006) Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org 7 Be A Link! Statistics on Suicide United States Kansas 41,149 reported suicides 454 reported suicides
13 suicides per 100,000 population 77.9% of all deaths by suicide are male 51.5% of all reported suicides were by firearm 15.7 suicides per 100,000 population 78.6% of all deaths by suicide are male 1 person dies by suicide every 20 hours in KS Second leading cause of death for Youth ages 15-24 Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program - Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program www.yellowribbon.org www.yellowribbon.org The Myths about Suicide Be A Link! Talking About Suicide Wont Spur Thoughts. It may allow them to unburden themselves. 1) AMA 2) Columbia Univ. Suicidal people want to
die They often call for help immediately following a suicide attempt. (NAMI) Suicide isnt chosen; it happens when pain exceeds resources for coping with pain. (David L. Conroy, Ph.D) Do Alcohol/ drugs impact suicide? Over 50% of youth who die by suicide are under the influence of alcohol or drugs. (APA) Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program - Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program www.yellowribbon.org www.yellowribbon.org 9 Be A Link! The Myths about Suicide Doing Prevention in the Postvention* time
Prevention CAN be successfully done in the Postvention Time. Risk factors can be increased and it is important to help survivors and to address contagion. (Centers for Disease Control, Natl Strategy for Suicide Prevention) By contrast, not talking about suicide may send a false signal that you dont care * Prevention strategies/actions taken after suicide(s)/attempt(s) in a community. Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program - Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program www.yellowribbon.org www.yellowribbon.org 10 Be A Link! The Elements of Suicide Risk Factors are markers; events and situations that can impact a persons ability to cope with life Warning Signs are observable clues, changes in behavior Protective Measures buffer individuals from suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
(Centers for for Disease Disease Control) Control) (Centers Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org 11 Be A Link! Risk Factors* * Teenage Stressors Family Pressures Divorce Family Conflict Money Death Abuse - Neglect School Related Issues New school Falling Grades Being Bullied Internet Peers Bullying Drugs or Alcohol Breakup Sexual abuse
Discrimination Bullying Being excluded Teased Sexual orientation/Gender identity A primary Risk Factor is a previous attempt. Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org 12 Be A Link! Risk Factors* * Teenage Stressors Bullying Connection with suicide attempts/deaths Bully victims are between 2 to 9 times more likely to consider suicide than non-victims. (Studies by Yale University) Nearly 160,000 kids stay home from school every day because of fear of bullying (Statistics reported by ABC News) Bully-related suicide can be connected to any type of bullying, including physical, emotional, cyber
bullying, and sexting, or circulating suggestive or nude photos or messages about a person. 13 (bullyingstatistics.org) Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org Be A Link! Warning Signs Warning Signs Get Help Immediately Someone threatening to hurt or kill him/herself, or talking of wanting to hurt or kill themselves. Someone seeking access to firearms, pills, other lethal means. Someone talking/writing/drawing about death, dying or suicide. 85% of of suicidal suicidal people people have have given given warning warning 85% signs.
signs. (American Association of 14 Suicidology) Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org Be A Link! Warning Signs Warning Signs Seek Help as soon as possible Withdrawing from friends, family & society Acting reckless or engaging in risky activities Giving away prized/special possessions Increasing alcohol/drug use Anxiety, unable to sleep or sleep all the time Dramatic mood change (low to high or high to low) Rage, uncontrolled anger (girls get sad, boys get mad) Verbal cues Nobody needs me Better off without me 15 Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org
Be A Link! Warning Signs/Risk Factors STACKING: Often, what appears to be a singular, external pressure or occurrence is merely the last straw when added Hel to ongoing stressors, depression and/or hopelessness. Suicide is the p! result of long-term wearing-away, The more warning signs shown, and risk an erosion of a persons factors present, the higher the risk. ability to cope. Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org 16 Protective Measures Be A Link!
Lifeskill.The Ask 4 Help! Card To GET HELP Is a tool that helps someone Ask 4 Help for themselves or for a friend it starts the conversation And a Dont have to have a tool cardtotoknow ask for how to help! 20 respond if you are Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org Be A Link! Protective Measures
Lifeskill.The Ask 4 Help! Card 1 - STAY with the person Unless there is risk of harm for yourself. You are that persons lifeline 2 - LISTEN, really listen Take them seriously. 3 - GET, or call, HELP To GIVE HELP immediately Dont keep the secret Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org 21 Protective Measures
Be A Link! Why the Ask 4 Help! Card 91% of teenagers surveyed indicated they would first tell a friend of their suicidal thoughts Starts Startsthe the conversation conversationto to Get GetHelp Help to toGive GiveHelp Help (Ross, 1985). 80% of suicidal individuals give verbal or behavioral clues of their intentions. Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org (Poland, 1989).
22 Be A Link! Protective Measures How to Respond to a Cry for Help Have a caring conversation, not a clinical assessment. BREATHE! Be genuine and caring. Dont lie or make promises you cant keep Tell them: I am glad you called/came/talked to me. I do care, whats happening in your life. How can I help. Lets find someone who can help you get through this. Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org 24 Be A Link! Protective Measures
How to Respond to a Cry for Help The What if questions A student gives me a card/says goodbye as Dont wait! Use the steps to help (school protocol) they leave? to contact someone to follow up with the person (student). They are just looking for attention? Dont analyze, you dont have to determine the level of risk. Contact appropriate person on Steps to Help (protocol list). A colleague tells me they are suicidal? They trust you let them know you care and will help them get help. Offer to make call or take them to help. Stay with Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program them! -www.yellowribbon.org 25 Protective Measures
Be A Link! How to Respond to a Cry for Help Dont Do Leave them alone Be aware, supportive and positive Be non-judgmental and reassuring Give them your attention (John McIntosh, Ph.D. 2001) Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program -www.yellowribbon.org
Be glib or dismissing of the problem Try to solve the problem, your role is to be a link (use your schools protocol) 26
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