YEAR 11 MOCK EXAM - Beechen Cliff School Humanities Faculty
YEAR 11 MOCK EXAM FEEDBACK SECTION A: THE INTER-WAR YEARS, 1919-1939 1 (a) A cartoon published in Britain in October 1939. It shows Hitler and Stalin. Level 0 No evidence or response does not address the question 0 Level 1 Uses surface features of cartoon only eg Hitler and Stalin are shown as having got married. 12 Level 2 Secondary message eg Hitler has the greater power. Stalin is looking happy. Hitler and Stalin are joined together as partners. 3 Level 3
Secondary message supported by details of the cartoon/contextual knowledge eg Germany and Russia are partners/ working together. This view is supported by the cartoon as they are shown as being married. 4 Level 4 Main message of cartoon identified The artist is cynical/sceptical/surprised about a relationship of convenience. eg The message is that the partnership between Hitler and Stalin is one of convenience and is temporary. The partnership will be shortlived. How soon before the promises made will be broken? Stalin is being used. 5 Level 5 Main message supported by details of the cartoon OR by contextual knowledge eg The message is that the partnership between Hitler and Stalin is one of convenience. The cartoonist is questioning how long the honeymoon will last.
OR Context must relate to the Nazi-Soviet Pact. eg The message is that the partnership between Hitler and Stalin is one of convenience. Already Hitler has moved into Poland war has started. Surely his next move will be against his temporary ally, the USSR. Neither expected the other to keep their promises. 6 Level 6 Main message supported by details of the cartoon AND by contextual knowledge Both sides of Level 5. 7 SECTION A: THE INTER-WAR YEARS, 1919-1939 (1b) Explain why Britain followed a policy of appeasement towards Germany in the 1930s. Level 0 No evidence submitted or response does not address the question 0 Levels 1- 2 Identifies AND/OR describes reasons (One mark for each point)
eg Britain followed a policy of appeasement to keep the peace. There was increasing sympathy for Germany having to suffer the harsh Treaty. Britain wanted to find a peaceful solution to Germanys problems. Britain feared the threat of Communism. It enabled a re-armament programme to be undertaken. People still remembered the First World War. Chamberlain believed Hitler could be trusted. 34 Level 3 Explains ONE reason (Five marks for a basic explanation; six marks for a developed explanation.) eg Britain was too weak militarily to stop Hitler. In 1938 the heads of the armed forces told Chamberlain that they were not ready to fight. Appeasement would give Britain a chance to re-arm. 56 Level 4 Explains more than one reason (Seven marks for two basic explanations; eight marks for three basic explanations or development of two explanations.) 78 SECTION A: THE INTER-WAR YEARS, 1919-1939 2 (a) What terms of the Treaty of Versailles weakened the German economy? Level 0 - No evidence submitted or response does not address the question 0 One mark for each relevant point; additional mark for supporting detail. eg Germany had to pay reparations. Germany lost important industrial areas such as the Saar (Upper Silesia/Alsace- Lorraine). Germany lost the financial input from its colonies. Germany had to pay reparations of 6.600 million. (2 marks)
4 (b) Explain why Clemenceau was dissatisfied with the Treaty of Versailles. Level 0 - No evidence submitted or response does not address the question - 0 Level 1 - General answer lacking specific contextual knowledge eg He wanted more severe punishments. He did not get what he wanted. 1 Level 2 - Identifies AND/OR describes things that made him unhappy (One mark for each identification/description) eg He did not get Germany split into smaller states. He did not get the Rhine as the frontier. He did not think France was getting sufficient reparations. He had wanted German military crushing even more. He failed to get the Saar permanently. He knew the French public would be dissatisfied. 23 Level 3 - Explains ONE reason for his dissatisfaction (Four marks for a basic explanation; five marks for a developed explanation.) eg Clemenceau wanted France to be secure from future German attacks. This meant weakening Germany and removing its military strength. He felt that the reduction in military strength was not enough. 45 Level 4 - Explains TWO reasons for his dissatisfaction - 6 SECTION A: THE INTER-WAR YEARS, 1919-1939 (c) Germany had good reasons to complain about the Treaty of Versailles. How far do you agree with this statement? Level 0 - No evidence submitted or response does not address the question 0 Level 1 - General answer lacking specific contextual knowledge eg Germany thought it was unfair. 1 Level 2 - Identifies AND/OR describes reasons for complaint b(One mark for each point) eg It was not fair because Germany had to accept sole blame for the war. It was not fair because Germany had to pay
for the damage. It left Germany vulnerable to attack. Germany lost all its colonies. They complained because it was dictated. The high reparations affected the ordinary citizens. Germany thought they had been humiliated. It was fair as Germany had agreed to an armistice. It was not as harsh as the treaty imposed on Russia by Germany. It did not weaken the German economy as much as Germany implied. 23 Level 3 - Explanation of Germanys genuine grounds for complaint OR Explanation showing Germany did not have genuine grounds eg Germany was forced to accept the war guilt clause and thus reparations. This was humiliating as they believed other countries were equally responsible for the start of the war. OR Many thought the peacemakers did a reasonable job considering the demand for revenge from the public of the victors. The Treaty could have been as harsh as the BrestLitovsk treaty German made with Russia. 46 Level 4 - Explanation showing Germanys genuine grounds for complaint AND Explanation showing Germany did not have genuine grounds Maximum of eight marks for answer lacking balance. Both sides of Level 3. 79 Level 5 - Explains with evaluation of how far Must have both sides of argument with evaluation of how far Level 4 plus evaluation of how far eg Germany did not have good reason to complain. They had supported their allies, Austria against Serbia and then declared war with Russia and so could not complain about being blamed however, the harshness of the reparations did affect those who were not responsible, the general public and so in this aspect the complaint was just. 10 SECTION A: THE INTER-WAR YEARS, 1919-1939
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