Realism & Naturalism 1875-1900 By: Anna Maguire & Leigh Proctor Time Period Overview 1876- This year was the end of the reconstruction period 1880- James A Garfield is elected president of the United States 1885- The Washington Monument is completed 1890- Massacre at Wounded Knee 1890- Sherman Antitrust Act

What is the Difference Between Realism and Naturalism? Realism: Based on real life Portrays ordinary people Uses more realistic themes such as society, social classes, etc. Characters are often middle class Naturalism: Is an extension of realism, but more heavily influenced by scientific theories Portrays more how an environment or social conditions influence a human Contains themes of violence, prostitution, or poverty

Characters are often lower class Authors Henrik Ibsen- Known as the Father of Drama He wrote classics such as, A Dolls House (1879) and A School for Scandal August Strindberg- He wrote popular pieces such as, Miss Julie (1879) Inferno (1897) and The Father (1887) Anton Chekhov- He was well known for his literary works such as, Three Sisters (1900) The Seagull (1895) and Ward Number Six (1892)

Directors Konstantin Stanislavski (1863-1938) - cofounder of Moscow Art Theatre. The most popular piece he directed was The Seagull, which was written by Anton Chekhov, and his production of Hamlet. David Belasco (1853-1931) - Most famous for writing Hearts of Oak, but he also directed shows such as, The Heart of Maryland and Du Berry Acting Konstantin Stanislavski- developed the Stanislavsky System of acting, which has

actors use past emotional experiences to influence their performance. Plays A Dolls House Written by: Henrik Ibsen Year: 1879 This is a story about a woman named Nora, who lives a seemingly normal life, but is holding a big secret from her husband. Three Sisters Written by:Anton Chekhov

Year: 1900 This play is about three sisters, Olga, Natasha, and Masha living in Russia during some political turmoil. They have to navigate family and political struggles. Writing Style Playwrights were influenced by the writings of Charles Darwin. They believed that a

characters surroundings can help determine who they are. They prioritized literacy over drama. A lot of writings were based on scientific Structures Moscow art Theatre. : Founded on 1898 in Moscow Russia

Freie Buhne: Founded on 1889 in Berlin Germany. Theatre Libre: Founded in 1887 in Paris France. Scenery Settings tend to be realistic. Settings tend to be bland. Props are realistic and kept indoors.

Costumes Costumes are authentic. Costumes are historically accurate. Costumes are very detailed. Made to look more realistic. Vocabulary

Garrulous: full of trivial conversation. Dilapidated: in a state of decay, ruin, or deterioration.

Malevolence: wishing evil to others. Tumultuous: characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination. Exalt: praise, glorify, or honor. Intangible: hard to pin down or identify Eidophusikon: scaled down version of a theatre, can pay close attention to every detail.

Hernani: Started to show the illusion of reality. Ubermarionttes: Super puppets used to get rid of declaratory acting. Bibliography Book: Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich, et al. Chekhov, the Major Plays. Signet Classics, 2006. Noises Off Study Guide, www.pcpa.org/threesistersstudyguide.html. 1875-1900 - AP U.S. History Timelines - Study Notes. Go to

the Front Page of StudyNotes, www.apstudynotes.org/ushistory/timelines/1875-1900/. Moore, Sonia. Konstantin Stanislavsky. Encyclopdia Britannica, Encyclopdia Britannica, Inc., 3 Aug. 2018, www.britannica.com/biography/Konstantin-Stanislavsky. Realism and Naturalism Theatre Conventions. The Drama Teacher, thedramateacher.com/realism-and-naturalismtheatre-conventions/.

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