6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Egyptian Society Egyptian Society Preview Egyptian Dynasties- The Kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt united around 3100 BCE. For most of the next 3,000 years, this land was ruled by powerful kings called pharaohs. Calling
Rank- Ancient Egyptians ranked members of society based on their status. Egyptian Religion- Ancient Egyptians were polytheists who believed in many gods. They also believed that the dead lived on in the afterlife. Reach Into Your Background Predict
what effect power and social class had on the lives of ancient Egyptians? (5 Partner Activity Work with a neighbor and compare your
answer with theirs. What things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes) Key Ideas- Egyptian Dynasties Historians divide ancient Egypt into three periods: the Old
Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. During these time periods, pharaohs ruled the empire. They passed their power down from one generation to another through ruling dynasties. Pharaohs waged wars to expand their empires. They built elaborate temples and tombs that still stand throughout Egypt today.
Egyptian Society Egypts first civilizations were small villages. These villages were scattered along the Nile River.
During those early days, Egypt was not united. Egyptian Society Over time, the people of Egypt formed two kingdoms. Egypt was divided into Upper Egypt and
Lower Egypt. Around 3100 BCE, the two kingdoms became one. Pharaohs Unify Egypt It is believed that the king of Upper Egypt led his forces into Lower Egypt.
This king was Menes. He seized control of Lower Egypt. Menes succeeded in Pharaohs Unify Egypt Menes became Egypts first pharaoh, or ruler.
Egyptians believed that Menes, and the pharaohs who followed him, were not just kings. They were gods on Earth. Key Term MenesMenes was the first king, or pharaoh, of Egypt. He is
credited with unifying Lower and Upper Key Term Pharaoh- A ruler of ancient Egypt. Pharaohs Unify Egypt Pharaohs in ancient
Egypt held an incredible amount of power and influence over their subjects. Their subjects considered them living embodiments Key Term HorusThe God of the sky and
of the pharaohs. Pharaohs Unify Egypt The pharaohs power influenced every level of the Egyptian social structure. Construction and adornment of their tombs and temples
became large public-works projects that required countless hours of labor and enormous quantities of resources. Egypts Kingdoms Historians today divide up Egypts ancient times to keep track of the changes.
They use Egypts many dynasties as a simple way to divide up its long history. Key Term Dynasty- A series of rulers in a particular kingdom or empire, and each ruler in the series is
said to be a Egypts Kingdoms Historians group Egypt's history into three main time periods: The Old Kingdom The Middle Kingdom The New Kingdom
Egypts Kingdoms The time before the Old Kingdom is known as the Early Dynastic Period. During this time, Egypts culture was beginning to form.
The Egyptians had not yet built large cities. Egypts Kingdoms Between each major era were Intermediate Periods. These periods were
times of change and conflict. No one central power ruled over all of Egypt. King Khufu Pyramid Builder The pharaohs ruled Egypt for 3,000 years.
Egypts most recognizable ancient site was built by one of its earlier pharaohs. The Great Pyramid at Giza was built by King Khufu. King Khufu Pyramid Builder
To build the pyramids ancient Egyptians had to use their advanced knowledge of geometry and architecture. The ancient Egyptians combined this knowledge with the use of huge amounts of
Key Term Pyramid- A large stone structure that is built with a square base and has triangularshaped sides Pyramids at Giza Video- Pyramids at Giza Key Ideas- Calling Rank The
ancient Egyptians believed that pharaohs were gods. A small group of government officials and priests served the pharaohs. The majority of Egyptians were farmers. Enslaved
people had the lowest status in ancient Egypt. Social Classes Video- Social Classes Social Structure of Ancient Egypt The pharaoh was
the most powerful person in all of Egypt. However, every person had a role to play in Social Structure of Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptians were born into a social group. They usually continued in the same jobs as their parents. Scientists study the sculptures and paintings that were left
behind in ancient cities. Why It Matters Every class in the social structure contributed to Egyptian society. All classes supported the power of the pharaoh.
The pharaoh made decisions about war, Slavery in Ancient Egypt Reading Handout- Slavery in Ancient Egypt Key Ideas- Egyptian Religion To prepare for the afterlife, pharaohs
order their subjects to build elaborate tombs. They filled the tombs with fine objects. After death, a pharaohs body was carefully mummified, or preserved, Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians held very strong religious beliefs. For most of their history, they practiced Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt Anubis:
God of the dead. Guided dead souls to the underworld Isis: Goddess of fertility and motherhood. Wife of Osiris and mother of Horus Osiris: God of the underworld and resurrection Horus:
God of the sky and of the pharaohs Seth: God of the desert and violence. Brother of Osiris Life After Death Ancient Egyptians believed in the presence of their souls.
Their souls were the part of them that would continue to live in the underworld after their bodies had died. Life After Death Most Egyptians wanted to be buried near their relatives and
friends. They also were buried with prized belongings, like jewelry. They wanted to have these items with them in the afterlife. Life After Death
Statues, jewelry, and paintings all went into the tomb. Paintings and carvings on the wall celebrated a pharaohs life.
Once a pharaoh died, skilled priests began to Life After Death Egyptians from all social classes were mummified to prepare for the afterlife. However, the process was very expensive. The richest and
most powerful could afford the most elaborate burials, while poorer, less powerful Egyptians had simple burials. The Afterlife Video- The Afterlife Why It Matters The ancient Egyptians focus on the afterlife is one reason that their culture has been so well preserved.
Builders made secure buildings to house the pharaohs bodies after death. Artists and scribes created works to record the past of the pharaohs. Tomb art, including hieroglyphics, gives historians clues about what happened in ancient Egypt. Key Term Hieroglyphi
cs- Symbols or pictures that stand for objects, ideas, or sounds. Independent Activity What has been the muddiest point so far in this lesson? That is, what topic remains
the least clear to you? (4 minutes) Partner Activity Work with a neighbor and compare your muddiest point with theirs. Compare what things are the same and what things are
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