Vacuum Tube Guitar Amplifier With Bluetooth and Power Scaling

Vacuum Tube Guitar Amplifier With Bluetooth and Power Scaling

VACUUM TUBE GUITAR AMPLIFIER WITH BLUETOOTH AND POWER SCALING Presenters: Nick Hill, Adam Schmolling, Allan Bekkala

Advisor: Dr. Stanley Burns Date: 04/26/2016 ABSTRACT This project was to design and construct an AB style vacuum tube guitar amplifier that has Bluetooth connectivity as well as the ability to scale the volume output without losing power tube distortion. The Bluetooth

connectivity allows the user to stream background music into the amplifier, while an audio mixer allows the background music and guitar signal to be mixed. The user also has the option of choosing between a GZ 34 tube rectifier and a solid-state full wave bridge rectifier. The amplifier outputs 35 watts (rms) to a 2 x 12 speaker enclosure. The amplifier head can be connected to any cabinet with an impedance of 4, 8, or 16 (as the amplifier has an impedance selector switch). The preamplifier consists of 3, 12AX7 tubes, and the power amplifier consists of 2, EL34 tubes. The rectifier

tube, as mentioned above, is a GZ34. The guitar signal and backing music are mixed with a tube based summing amplifier (also a 12AX7 tube), and the respective volumes of both signals can be controlled. This senior design project is a culmination of 2 semesters worth of work. In retrospect the project has been 80% design, and 20% actual construction. We have constructed the enclosures for both the amplifier head and the speakers. We have wired up the entire circuit. The end result has been an excellent guitar amplifier, which has applications all across the music industry.

Goal: INTRODUCTION To design a high quality valve amplifier based on the Marshall JTM-45

Features: 1. Bluetooth connectivity a.

2. To enable the user to play along with a backing track via smartphone Dual rectifier

a. To enable the user to alternate between a solid state and tube based rectifier 3. Power-scaling a.

4. To allow for more power tube distortion at a lower volumes Meets all environmental and health standards

a. Follow the National Electrical Code b.

Lead-free solder OVERALL DESIGN TUBE BASICS

PRE-AMP DESIGN 12AX7 VOLTAGE AMPLIFIER MIXER & CATHODE

FOLLOWER BLUETOOTH CONNECTIVITY TONE STACK

LONG TAILED PAIR PHASE INVERTER PUSH-PULL POWER AMPLIFIER

POWER SUPPLY Design: Voltage Regulator / Rectifier for Bluetooth IC

Pre-Testing Design Voltage regulator and rectifier for RN-52 Bluetooth chip (note: capacitor value has been changed due to design specs. The value is now 2000uF.)

Calculations: Vrms = 6.3 => Vpeak = 6.3*SQRT(2) Limiting Resistor Needed: R = [(Vpeak - diode_voltage_drop - Zener_Voltage)/(current) = [(8.9 - 1.4 - 3.3)/(0.02)]*0.9 = 189 Ohms Design:

Voltage Regulator / Rectifier for Bluetooth IC Figure 3-1: Simulated output voltage of the voltage regulator / rectifier circuit for the RN-52 Bluetooth chip using a 2000uF capacitor

Design: Voltage Regulator / Rectifier for Bluetooth IC Post Testing Design

POWER SCALING Power Scaling Simulation: Anode and Screen Grid Voltage Control

Power Scaling Simulation: Bias Voltage Control POWER SCALING

A MORE DEFINITIVE MODEL FOR PSPICE SIMULATION Simulations: Simulations: stage 1 frequency Response (Bright and Normal

Channels). Simulations: Stage 2 Frequency Response (Bright and Normal Channels)

Simulations: Stage 4 Frequency Response (Stage 3 was flat) Simulations: Overall Amplifier Transfer Characteristic

Design: Chassis Layout Construction: Chassis

Construction: Wiring Construction: Wiring Construction: Wiring

Construction: Tolex Process Construction: Tolex Process

Construction: Amp Enclosure Construction: Speaker Cabinet

Construction: Speaker Cabinet Problems: Diode trouble! Diodes kept burning out when power

was turned on Needed to switch to a full wave rectifier Problems: Next the amp was exhibiting a significant amount of background

hum. Output transformer center tap needed to be relocated. Problems: Abnormally large bias voltage (200V as opposed to -56V)

Found missing ground connection to bias potentiometer. Problems: Bluetooth module is fried:

Eventually order new module Areas of Concern 1. Economic Concerns 2. Environmental Concerns 3. Manufacturability

4. Ethical Concerns 5. Health and Safety 6. Social Concerns Summary: We set out to build a guitar amplifier with

with the following features, and that is what we present to you. Power Scaling Dual Rectifier Bluetooth Connectivity 35 Watts rms of output power

Quality sound Future Additions: If we were able to include more in this design. Wi-Fi Connectivity Built in wireless system (between guitar and

amp) Plasma speaker (just for looks) Custom faceplate, glass viewing window, cooling fans Separate output stages for guitar and Bluetooth signal

Secondary tap on output transformer Special Thanks To: Dr. Stanley Burns

Sean Dumm Lyndon Ramrattan Anthony McMahon Archer Racing UMD Mechanical Engineering Department Shey Peterson

QUESTIONS?

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