U.S. History Chapter 21 Notes The Roaring Life of the 1920s
Bell Ringer & Vocab Questions to Answer: What people do you see? What objects do you see? What colors do you see? What actions/activities do you see? Based on what you have observed, list what you may infer from this painting. Content Vocab
Harlem Renaissance Langston Hughes Clause McKay Zora Neal Hurston Marcus Garvey NAACP Back to Africa Movement Academic Vocab Discrimination
Review During Reconstruction Reconstruction led to many legal advances for African Americans such as the 13, 14, & 15
Amendments. E U R T Review During Reconstruction Not even
during Reconstruction were African Americans voted into office in the South. A F
E S L Review A F After Reconstruction
Most African Americans were able to make a decent living/ income in the South. E S L
Review After Reconstruction KKK had support of local officials and terrorized anyone who voted Republican and African
Americans. E U R T Review After Reconstruction Lynching
became a form of terrorism against African Americans E U R T
Review After Reconstruction E S L Jim Crow laws were declared unconstitutional
with the court case of Plessy v Ferguson A F South equals Disenfranchisement After Reconstruction the majority of Blacks still lived
in the South. poor tenant farmers or sharecroppers The increasing racial tensions, segregation was getting harsher, lynchings were a growing problem, and the revived KKK only
added to the sense of blacks had of being under constant threat. Disenfranchisement=to deprive a person or organization of a privilege, immunity, or legal right, especially the right to vote HARLEM Harlem, a neighborhood in New York City,
was the center of the African American political, cultural, and artistic movement in the 1920s and early 1930s. The Great Migration Great Migration: After WWI, hundreds of thousands African Americans left the rural south and headed into industrial
cities of the North NYs Harlem is the place to be! Growing African American Middle Class developed as a result of improved educational and
employment opportunities for African Americans in the North. The Harlem section of New York became the center of this new African American
class. Harlem is Transformed The Harlem section of New York City was transformed from a deteriorating area into a thriving middle class community. Before After Before Great
Migration After Great Migration: Harlem, New York Checking for Understanding What events and movements do you think may have helped lead to the Renaissance? Great Migration
African Americans Inspires Harlem Renaissance: African Americans created an environment that stimulated artistic development, racial pride, a sense of
community, and political organization Writers Claude McKay - from Jamaica; shocked by racism in America; wrote boldly, defiantly about racism in two books of poetry Langston Hughes - born in
Missouri; leading writer of African American experience in America. Wrote about African American achievements. What is this poem talking about? Claude McKay If we must die, let it not be like hogs
Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot, While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs, Making their mock at our accursed lot. If we must die, O let us nobly die, So that our precious blood may not be shed In vain; then even the monsters we defy Shall be constrained to honor us though dead! O kinsmen we must meet the common
foe! Though far outnumbered let us show us brave, And for their thousand blows deal one deathblow! What though before us lies the open grave? Like men we'll face the murderous, cowardly pack, Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!
n i m s i c a a c i
R r e Am http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gcgeX20x3g&feature=related Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PiL2znfkvFk
Zora Neale Hurston Zora Neale Hurston Wrote: Their Eyes Were Watching God Celebrated the courage of African Americans in the South Main characters in her novels were African American women One of the first to do this
The artists, writers, and musician of the Harlem Renaissance will become role models for young African American children growing up in America. These children will later become the Civil Rights leaders of the 1950s
Checking for Understanding What issue did Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, and Zora Neal Hurston promote? African American Pride & Culture; Racism Jazz, Blues, and the Theater Jazz - improvisational
music introduced by Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington had a ragtime sound Many black musicians got their start at the Cotton Club, a famous Harlem nightclub. Blues soulful
style of music that involved themes of love, poverty, oppression Bessie Smith famous blues singer; at one time the highest paid singer in U.S.
MUSIC DRAMA Josephine Baker Big Mama Thornton You ain't nothin but a hound dog, been snooping round my door You ain't nothin but a hound
dog, been snooping round my door You can wag your tail but Lord I ain't gonna feed you no more You told me you were high class, but I can see through that You told me you were high class, but I can see through that And daddy I know you ain't no
real cool cat CLICK But dont play whole song Elvis will sing this song in the 50s Checking for Understanding Duke Ellington, Bessie Smith, & Louis Armstrong are all
musician associated with what artistic movement? Harlem Renaissance Themes of Harlem Renaissance Art 1. Glorification of Blackness 2. African-American History, Slavery Identity and Pride 3. Strength of AfricanAmerican Community 4. Racism and Discrimination
5. Night Life 6. Family Life 7. Other Arts: dance, music, poetry AARON DOUGLAS ASPECTS OF NEGRO LIFE FROM SLAVERY TO RECONSTRUCTION Aaron Douglas In an African Setting
WILLIAM H. JOHNSON GOING TO CHURCH William H. Johnson Chain Gang Palmer Hayden Jeunesse Archibald Motley
Street Scene in Chicago Archibald Motley Blues African American Politics The NAACP Battle Lynching NAACP = National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Fought, often unsuccessfully,
against discrimination Published The Crisis The main issue they fought for was anti-lynching laws (failed during 1920s and 30s) NAACP wanted this stopped Black Nationalism
and Marcus Garvey Marcus Garvey a dynamic black leader from Jamaica Lead the Back to Africa Movement became very popular; argued for African American self-reliance. Proposed a plan for black Americans to return to start a new country in Africa Although the movement failed he did accomplish to promote Black
Pride in America He was eventually arrested and deported. Click ME Impact of the Harlem Renaissance African American Art
NAACP Shed light on racism Jazz and Blues Black Pride
http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/harlemrenaissance/ Checking for Understanding Why did the NAACP and Marcus Garveys Back to Africa movement exist? Discrimination against African Americans Checking for Understanding
List 3 things the NAACP did fight for legislation to protect African Americans. work with anti-lynching organizations. published The Crisis. Checking for Understanding Who was behind the Back to Africa Movement?
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