Unit 1: Science of Psychology

Unit 1: Science of Psychology

AP Psychology Unit 1: Science of Psychology Objective 1-3: Trace the growth of psychology with specific attention to structuralism and functionalism in the early years. Approaches Growth

of Psych to Psych Careers We are here The Science of Psychology

Ethics Research Statistics Methods Sampling Descriptive

Correlation Naturalistic Observation Case Study Survey Experiment

Descriptive Central Tendency Variance Inferential Objective 1-3:

Outline Early Psychology

First Lab Wundt Structuralism Titchner Functionalism William James Psychoanalytic Freud Behaviorism Pavlov, Watson and Skinner Cognitive Revolution Contemporary Trends in Psychology Early Psychology - Wundt Wilhelm Wundt opened the first

psychology laboratory at the University of Liepzig in 1879. By insisting on measurement and experimentation he moves psychology from a philosophy to a science This is my lab! Outline Structuralism Bradford Titchner

School of psychology that stressed the basic units of experience (physical sensation, feelings, and memories) and the combinations in which they occur. Study these atoms of experience to get the structure of the mind

Break this down to its atoms of experience How do you know what this is? How is your mind structured in order to perceive it? So what is this? And this? Hows structuralism working for you now? Functionalism

William James Rejects Structuralism Influenced by Darwin Functionalism theory of mental life and behavior that is concerned with how an organism uses its perceptual abilities to function in its environment. Functionalists wanted to know the whole system of mental processes rather than focusing on the tiny elements of consciousness Functionalism also emphasized individual

differences, which had a profound impact on education. Structuralism vs. Functionalism How would each study this situation? Psychodynamic Psychology Sigmund Freud Behavior results from forces at work within the individual, often

at an unconscious level. Often formed during childhood. Late 1800s Since the person cant access their own unconscious, it is hard to prove or disprove this theory scientifically. Psychodynamic = Unconscious Behaviorism

Studied only observable behaviors Studied how organisms learn behaviors. Classical Conditioning learning that results from things happening to you. Ivan Pavlov Dogs John B. Watson Baby Albert Operant Conditioning learning that results from getting rewards or punishments. B.F. Skinner Skinner Box

Behaviorism The Cognitive Revolution The precursors to cognitive psychology: Gestalt psychology Study of how we perceive objects as whole patterns Therapy that wishes to treat the whole person Humanistic psychology Emphasizes realization of full potential

Recognizes importance of love, self esteem, belonging, and self-actualization The Cognitive Revolution Study of mental processes Thinking Learning Feeling Remembering Decision making

New Directions in Psychology Evolutionary psychology Studies the adaptive value of behaviors and mental processes Positive psychology Study of the subjective feelings of happiness and well-being Focus is on positive attitude

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