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Cyberinfrastructure and Internet2 Eric Boyd Deputy Technology Officer Internet2 What is Cyberinfrastructure (CI)? A strategic orientation supported by NSF Calls for large-scale public investment to encourage the evolution of widely distributed computing via the telecommunications network Goal is to deploy the combined capacity of multiple sites to support the advance of current research, initially in science and engineering General Session Thursday: Cyberinfrastructure: The Way Forward Francine Berman, San Diego Supercomputer Center, Moderator Paul Avery, University of Florida

Thomas Knab, Case Western Reserve University Alan Whitney, MIT Haystack Observatory Eric Boyd, Internet2 The Distributed CI Computer Instrumentation Control Security Help Desk Researcher Viewing Data Generation Program Security

Collab Tools Control Funding Agencies Authentication Campuses Simulation Computation Program Publishing 3D Display Imaging

Tools Security Analysis Education And Outreach Resource Providers Authorization Security Training Policy and Funding Management Security and

Access Access Control Human Support Input Archive Retrieval Data Sets Storage Search Data Directories Schema Metadata

Ontologies Data . Input Network Security Display and Visualization The Network is the Backplane for the Distributed CI Computer Help Desk Human Support Collab Tools

Network Training Education And Outreach Publishing Challenge and Opportunity Challenge: The R&E community thinks of CI primarily in terms of building distributed computing clusters Opportunity: The network is a key component of CI Internet2 is leading the development of solutions for the network component of CI CI Requirements Data storage

Robust campus infrastructure Security and Authorization IT support for local and remote resources Network performance monitoring tools Network resources to meet demand spikes 7 LHC epitomizes the CI Challenge Current Situation Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN will go operational in 2008 Over 68 U.S. Universities and National Laboratories are poised to receive data More than 1500 scientists are waiting for this data Are campus, regional, and national networks ready for the task? 9

Tier 0 10 CERN Raw Data US Tier 4 (1500 US scientists) Scientists Analyze Data US Tier 3 (68 orgs) Scientists Request Data Atlas (6-7) CMS (7) US Tier 2

(15 orgs) Provides Data to Tier 3 Tier 1 (12 orgs) FNAL Tier 0 11 BNL CERN Shared Data Storage and Reduction Raw Data

Local Infrastructure US Tier 4 (1500 US scientists) Scientists Analyze Data US Tier 3 (68 orgs) Internet2/Connectors Internet2/Connectors Scientists Request Data Atlas (6-7) CMS (7) US Tier 2 (15 orgs)

Provides Data to Tier 3 GEANT-ESNet-Internet2 Tier 1 (12 orgs) FNAL BNL Shared Data Storage and Reduction LHCOPN Tier 0 12 CERN Raw Data

Peak Flow Network Requirements Local Infrastructure Tier 1 or 2 to Tier 3: Estimate: Requires 1.6 Gbps per transfer (2 TB's in 3 hours) Internet2/Connectors Internet2/Connectors Tier 1 to Tier 2: Requires 10-20 Gbps GEANT-ESNet-Internet2 Tier 0 to Tier1: Requires 10-40 Gbps LHCOPN CERN 13 Science Network Requirements Aggregation Summary (slide courtesy of ESNet) Science Drivers Science Areas / Facilities

Advanced Light Source Bioinformat ics Chemistry / Combustion Climate Science High Energy Physics (LHC) End2End Reliabi lity -

- - - 99.95+% (Less than 4 hrs/yea r) Connectivity DOE sites

DOE sites US Universities Industry US Universities 2006 End2End Band width 2010 End2End Band width 1 TB/day 5 TB/day

300 Mbps 1.5 Gbps 625 Mbps 250 Gbps 12.5 Gbps in two years

DOE sites US Tier1 (DOE) International - US Universities Industry DOE sites - US Universities International

US Tier2 (Universities) Traffic Characteristics Bulk data Bulk data Remote control Remote control

Point-tomultipoint 10s of Gigabit s per second 5 PB per year Bulk data Bulk data

Bulk data 60 to 80 Gbps (30-40 Gbps per US Guaranteed bandwidth Remote control Remote control PKI / Grid

Guaranteed bandwidth High-speed multicast Guaranteed bandwidth 5 Gbps 10 Gbps Network Services PKI / Grid

Guaranteed bandwidth PKI / Grid Guaranteed bandwidth Traffic isolation Science Network Requirements Aggregation Summary (slide courtesy of ESNet) Science

Drivers Science Areas / Facilities Magnetic Fusion Energy NERSC NLCF Nuclear Physics (RHIC) Spallation End2End Reliabi lity 99.999% (Impossib

le without full redundanc y) - - - High Connectivity DOE sites

DOE sites US Universities 2006 End2End Band width 2010 End2End Band width 200+ Mbps 1 Gbps

Traffic Characteristics Bulk data Remote control Industry Network Services Guaranteed bandwidth

Guaranteed QoS Deadline scheduling 10 Gbps US Universities 20 to 40 Gbps Industry Bulk data Remote control DOE sites

DOE sites US Universities Industry Guaranteed bandwidth Guaranteed QoS PKI / Grid Deadline

Scheduling International Backbon e Band width parity Backbon e band width parity

Bulk data 12 Gbps 70 Gbps Bulk data International US Universities Guaranteed bandwidth International DOE sites

640 2 Gbps Bulk data PKI / Grid CI Components Applications Bulk Transport 2-Way Interactive Video Real-Time Communications

. Phoebus . Performance Infrastructure / Tools Measurement Nodes . Middleware Network . Control Plane Control

Plane Nodes Network Cyberinfrastructure Applications call on Network Cyberinfrastructure Internet2 Network CI Software Dynamic Circuit Control Infrastructure DRAGON (with ISI, MAX) Oscars (with ESnet) Middleware (Federated trust Infrastructure) Shibboleth Signet Grouper Comanage

Performance Monitoring Infrastructure perfSONAR (with ESnet, GEANT2 JRA1, RNP, many others) BWCTL, NDT, OWAMP, Thrulay Distributed System Infrastructure Topology Service (with University of Delaware) Distributed Lookup Service (with University of Delaware, PSNC) Internet2 Network CI Standardization Dynamic Circuit Control Protocol (IDC) DICE-Control, GLIF Measurement Schema / Protocol OGF NMWG IETF IPPM perfSONAR Consortium Middleware Arena Liberty Alliance

OASIS Possible emerging corporate consortium Topology Schema / Protocol OGF NML-WG perfSONAR Consortium DICE-Control Internet2s CI Vision Internet2s CI vision: Be a networking cyber-service provider Be a trust cyber-service provider Be a CI technology developer. Internet2s CI Position Internet2s position: Backbone network provider Federated trust infrastructure provider Forum for collaboration by members of the R&E community

Gives Internet2 a unique vision and strategy for Cyberinfrastructure. Internet2s CI Definition Components Supercomputing / Cycles / Computational Supercomputing / Storage (Nonvolatile) Analysis / Visualization Interconnecting Networks (Campuses, Regionals, Backbones) Network Cyberinfrastructure Software Internet2s CI Audience Application Software Instrumentation / Remote Instruments / Sensors Data Sets Internet2s CI Constituencies

Collaborators University Members Regional Networks Regional CI Organizations High Performance Computing Centers Federal Partners International Partners CI Integrators Early Thoughts: Internet2s CI Strategy (1) Requirements Informed by our membership Agenda set by our governance mechanisms

Offer, and in some cases develop, services and technology that are key components of a coherent CI software suite. For CI to work, it has to be a workable end-to-end system; Internet2 is emphasizing a systems approach towards CI. Internet2 is offering new services such as the Internet2 Network, InCommon, and the VO Service Center. Internet2 is developing and offering new technologies such as GridShib and perfSONAR. Internet2 may do systems integration work assembling open source communication tools into a common veneer. Early Thoughts: Internet2s CI Strategy (2) Play the role of community CI coordinator, convening community conversations. Partner with other community coordinators (e.g. Teragrid, EDUCAUSE). Play a convening function in order to facilitate the development, use, and dissemination of CI (e.g. Bridging the Gap workshop).

Take a lead in international outreach efforts at several different layers of CI. Work with campuses to build valuable CI. Facilitate conversations among various federal agencies (e.g. DOE, NSF, NIH), each of which is developing its own CI, and present a consistent vision back to the campuses. Internet2s CI Tactics Target campus, national, and international audiences Target Application-community CI (quasi-national) Enable effective use of authorized resources, regardless of where they exist

Enable integration of new resources as they become available Facilitate interoperability of multiple, autonomous CI providers Take a toolkit approach Make sure it still looks like a wall jack to end user Push for best practices for campuses Integrate campus CI into regional national/international CI What to do How to do it Community learns as a whole / avoid reinventing the wheel

Contribute to the support structure for use of CI Open source CI software Centers of Excellence for various kinds of things Training) Questions? Eric Boyd [email protected]

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