The Plurals in English - The Fascinating World of English

The Plurals in English - The Fascinating World of English

Now, listen & watch carefully ladies & gentlemen! We are going to talk about... Het meervoud

The PLURAL is the form of a verb, pronoun or noun, used when talking or writing about something of which there is MORE THAN 1 This presentation is about The PLURAL-form of the NOUN

Study these examples: 1 carrot 1 bean... 1 apple 1 grape... s 2 beans

2 apples 2 grapes 2 carrot What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples! Main Rule

enkelvoud +s = meervoud So: Bean +s = Beans Study these examples: 2 glassES 1 glass

1 box... 2 boxES 1 bus 2 busES 1 church...

2 churchES What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples! Rule 2 Woord eindigt op sisklank?

+es in het meervoud! So: bus +es = buses Study these examples: 1 cherr Y

2 cherrIES 1 babY 2 babIES 1 raspberrY...

2 raspberrIES What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples! Rule 3a Woord eindigt op Y? -y wordt -ies in het

meervoud! So: cherry cherries BUT... 1 boY 1 monkeY...

2 boyS 2 monkeyS What will be the rule here? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples! Rule 3b Woord eindigt op KLINKER + Y?

+s in het meervoud! So: boy + s boys You havent fallen asleep have you!? Study these examples:

1 potato 2 potatOES 1 negro... 2 negrOES 1 tomato...

2 tomatOES What will be the rule? Try to find this out yourselves and... find more examples! Rule 4a Woord eindigt op O?

+es in het meervoud! So: potato potatoes BUT... 1 radio 2 radioS

1 studio 2 studioS Rule 4b Woord eindigt op KLINKER + O? +s in het meervoud! So:

radio + s radios Exceptions... 1 mosquito 2 mosquitoS 1 piano

2 pianoS 1 disco 2 discoS Learn these by heart!

Study these examples: 1 knife 2 knives 1 wolf... 2 wolves

1 thief... 2 thieves Rule 5 Woord eindigt op -f of -fe? -f/-fe wordt ves in het meervoud!

So: wolf wolves Study these examples: 1 cactus 2 cacti 1 nucleus...

2 nuclei 1 focus... 2 foci Rule 6 Woord eindigt op -us?

-us wordt -i in het meervoud! So: cactus cacti Study these examples: 1 analysis 2 analyses

1 crisis... 2 crises 1 thesis... 2 theses

Rule 7 Woord eindigt op -is? -is wordt -es in het meervoud! So: crisis crises Study these examples: 1 phenomenon

2 phenomena 1 criterion... 2 criteria Rule 8 Woord eindigt op -on?

-on wordt -a in het meervoud! So: criterion criteria Special cases 1 man / 2 men 1 woman / 2 women 1 child / 2 children

1 Learn these by heart! Special cases 1 goose / 2 geese 1 foot / 2 feet

1 tooth / 2 teeth 2 Learn these by heart! Special cases 1 louse / 2 lice

1 mouse / 2 mice But: 1 house / 2 houses 3 Learn these by heart! Special cases

1 sheep / 2 sheep 1 deer / 2 deer 1 salmon / 2 salmon 4 Any rule here? Special cases

police water oil time cattle money

people 5 Any rule here? Special cases Sommige woorden staan al in het meervoud: Jeans, tights, shorts, trousers, goggles, etc.

6a Het werkwoord dat bij deze vorm hoort heeft ook de meervoudsvorm ! Example: Her jeans are too long. Special cases Na een telwoord gebruik je pair(s) of bij:

Jeans, tights, shorts, trousers, goggles, etc. Example: 6b I have a pair of new jeans. I have two pairs of new jeans.

Special cases Sommige zelfstandige naamwoorden eindigen met ics maar zijn geen meervoud: gymnastics, athletics, politics, physics, etc. Example:

7 Gymnastics is my favourite sport. Special cases News is geen meervoud! 8 Example:

What time is the news on television? Special cases Sommige zelfstandige naamwoorden eindigen op een s maar kunnen enkelvoud of meervoud zijn: A means of transport A television series a species of birds Example:

I know 200 species of birds. 9 Special cases Als het gaat om meer dan 1 persoon of ding wordt in het Engels altijd meervoud gebruikt. Examples:

- It happened ten years ago. - His two sons are farmers. 10 Let op! In het Nederlands gebruik je dan vaak het enkelvoud. Did you really learn something?

Or are PLURALS still a mystery to you? If so... Check these sites: http://www.digischool.nl/en/ (oefenen/grammatica/zelfstandige nmw) http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/ http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/plurals.htm (with additional information on special cases!) http://english-zone.com/spelling/nouns1.html (with many exercises)

Plural Poem One little crocodile swimming in the pond, Then he sees two little _______ Hopping all around. Flying high up in the sky, go three flapping ______, Then they dive and land upon three ______________.

Four little ___________ Drinking all the water. Will they notice five big ____________ Oh, I think they ought to! Six slimy __________ Slithering on the shore, Will they catch their tea today? Seven _________________. Eight climbing ____________

Whizzing up the tree, chasing their best friends, Nine ___________. Night is falling quickly, time to say goodbye, Ten shining __________ Sparkle in the sky.

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