The New Testament View of Creation

The New Testament View of Creation

THE NEW TESTAMENT ON CREATION Joel D. Heck Permission is hereby given to use this presentation free of charge in any setting, as long as it is used in support of young earth creation. Feel free to delete this message and the authors name before you use this PowerPoint. THE OLD TESTAMENT

The familiar texts related to creation: Genesis 1 and 2, Job 38, etc. Hundreds of other passages from Isaiah to the Psalms to many other references to creation. Containing 77% of the Bible. A more manageable number of texts. How does the New Testament support or challenge the straightforward reading of the Old Testament? IS THERE MUCH ABOUT CREATION IN THE NEW TESTAMENT?

Joel Primack and Nancy Abrams, There is almost nothing about creation in the Gospels (The View from the Center of the Universe, 2006, p. 57). Well, lets take a closer look at the New Testament and see if Primack and Abrams are right. THE NEW TESTAMENT Every New Testament author and many New Testament characters Jesus

Paul Peter James John THE NEW TESTAMENT Every New Testament book except Philippians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, 2 John, and 3 John mentions creation. Every chapter of Genesis except seven (20, 24, 34, 36, 40, 43, and 44) is mentioned in the New Testament.

Events from each of the first nineteen chapters of Genesis are mentioned in the New Testament. As we look at various New Testament passages, please look for any indication of long ages or evolutionary development in living beings. SOME STATISTICS The New Testament contains a number of passages that mention creation in one form or another. They appear as 1. Echoes or allusions (53). 2. References to the beginning of time (10). 3. References to events during the creation week (38).

4. Significant events during creation that are dated to a recent period of history (11). TOTAL: 112 NOTE: Some passages fit into more than one category, but I have placed each passage into one category only so as to avoid duplicates. NATURE But before we start, some notes on the word nature. In the NIV, the word nature appears fourteen times in the New Testament,

thirteen of them in Pauls writings and once in Peters. It refers to the divine nature (Rom. 1:20, 2 Peter 1:4), human nature or sinful nature (Rom. 7:18), the form of a servant (Phil. 2:7), or in an adverbial sense as in the phrase by nature (Rom. 11:24). NATURE The word nature is never used to mean the world around us or the universe. Gods word for our modern word nature

is creation or world. Nature is a secularized version of creation. 1. ECHOES OR ALLUSIONS John 1:1, In the beginning Rom. 8:19-22, The creation waits in eager expectation for the sons of God to be revealed. For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought

into the glorious freedom of the children of God. We know that the whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time. 1 Cor. 12:18 and 24, God has arranged the 1. ECHOES OR ALLUSIONS 2 Cor. 5:17, a new creation. Eph. 2:10, For we are Gods workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do. Eph. 3:9, this mystery, which for ages

past was kept hidden in God, who created all things. Eph. 4:24, put on the new self, created to be like God 2. BRIEF REFERENCES TO THE BEGINNING OF TIME Matt. 24:21, the coming distress will be greater than any distress since the beginning of the world. Matt. 25:34, the kingdom has been prepared since the creation of the

world. Mark 13:19, when God created the world 2. BRIEF REFERENCES TO THE BEGINNING OF TIME John 17:5 and 24, in the latter, Jesus had glory with the Father before the creation of the world. Eph. 1:4, For he chose us in him before the creation of the world 1 Cor. 2:7, Col. 1:18, and 1 Peter 1:20. All

references to the book of Revelation will be looked at later. 3. REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE CREATION WEEK (GENERAL) John 1:3, Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. In Acts 4:24, Luke writes of God, you made the heaven and the earth, the sea, and everything in them. In Acts 14:15, Paul and Barnabas are speaking to

the crowd in Lystra, who had thought that the gods had come down in human form and thought Barnabas was Zeus and Paul was Hermes. They said, Men, why are you doing this? We too are only men, human like you. We are bringing you REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE CREATION WEEK (GENERAL) Acts 17:24-31 contains the sermon of Paul to the philosophers of Athens. In verses 24-26 Luke writes and Paul says, The God who made the world and everything in it is the Lord of heaven and earth and does not live in temples built by hands.

And he is not served by human hands, as if he needed anything, because he himself gives all men life and breath and everything else. From one man he made every nation of men, that they should inhabit the whole earth; and he determined the times set for them and the exact places where they should live. (Note the affirmation of the first human being, who is treated as historical.) Col. 1:15-16, the firstborn over all creation; For by him all things were created; all things were created by him and for him REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE CREATION WEEK (CREATION OUT OF NOTHING)

Rom. 4:17 says, He [Abraham] is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believedthe God who gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were. Better translation: and calls things which have no existence into existence. (Creation out of nothing) REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE CREATION WEEK (LIGHT)

2 Cor. 4:6, For God, who said, Let light shine out of darkness, made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ. Here Paul paraphrases Gen. 1:3, taking it as straightforward history, and he connects the creation of light with the Gospel. REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE CREATION WEEK (ADAM AND EVE) 1 Cor. 11:9, For man did not come from woman, but

woman from man. The chronology is correct: Adam, then Eve. 1 Cor. 15:38-39, But God gives it a body as he has determined, and to each kind of seed he gives its own body. All flesh is not the same: Men have one kind of flesh, animals have another, birds another and fish another. (Gen. 1:11, 20-27) 1 Cor. 15:45, The first man Adam became a living being 1 Cor. 15:47: The first man was of the dust of the earth REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE

CREATION WEEK (THE IMAGE OF GOD) 1 Cor. 11:7, Paul writes that man is the image and glory of God. Col. 3:10, the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge in the image of its Creator. (Gen. 1:26-27) Heb. 2:7, God made mankind a little lower than the angels and crowned him with glory and honor. REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE CREATION WEEK (MARRIAGE)

1 Cor. 6:16, For it is said, The two will become one flesh. (Genesis 2:24) 1 Cor. 11:9, Paul states that woman was created for man. Eph. 5:31, For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. REFERENCES TO EVENTS DURING THE CREATION WEEK (REST)

Heb. 4:3, his work has been finished since the creation of the world. Heb. 4:4, citing Gen. 2:2, And on the seventh day God rested from all his work. PART 3 SUMMARY General references to creation Creation out of nothing (ex nihilo) The creation of light on Day One The creation of Adam and Eve on Day Six

The creation of male and female in the image of God The creation of male and female for marriage on Day Six The resting from creative activity by God on Day Seven Three key days: Days One, Six, and Seven (and also key in what is omitted, which are of less importance) 4. ELEVEN SIGNIFICANT EVENTS THAT ARE DATED TO A RECENT PERIOD OF HISTORY 1. Matt. 19:4, Havent you read, he replied, that at

the beginning the Creator made male for female, 2. Matt. 19:5-6, and said, For this reason a man will leave his father and mother to be united to his wife and the two will become one flesh. So they are no longer two, but one. Therefore what God has joined together, let man not separate. 3. Matt. 19:8, it was not this way from the beginning. (on divorce) 4. Mark 10:6 (see two slides ahead, = Matt. 19:4-6) 5. Mark 10:7-8, For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. So they are no

4. ELEVEN SIGNIFICANT EVENTS THAT ARE DATED TO A RECENT PERIOD OF HISTORY 6. Luke 11:50-51, Jesus connects the murder of Abel to the foundation of the world, i.e. its creation, not to an event that happened millions of years later. 7. Rom. 1:20, For since the creation of the world Gods invisible qualitieshis eternal power and divine naturehave been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that

men are without excuse. This implies that people have been around since the creation of the world, as was already suggested in Matt. 19:4-6 and Mark 10:6. TIMELINES Mark 10:6, But at the beginning of creation God made them male and female. Darwinian Evolution: 14.6 billion years Old Earth Creationism: 14.6 billion years

Young Earth Creationism: < 10,000 years The beginning of Right now THE DEVIL 9. John 8:44, the devil was a murderer from the beginning. 10.1 John 3:8, He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. As we read Genesis 1-3, we are not given a clear

chronology, but we get the impression that the Fall happened relatively soon after the completion of creation. Chapter three follows immediately after chapter two with no intervening phrase, such as After some time or Many years later. Therefore, if the devil was a murderer from the TEN SIGNIFICANT EVENTS DURING CREATION THAT ARE DATED TO A RECENT PERIOD OF HISTORY 11. Jude 14, Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied

1. Adam, Gen. 5:3 2. Seth, Gen. 5:6 3. Enosh, Gen. 5:9 4. Kenan, Gen. 5:12 5. Mahalalel, Gen. 5:15 6. Jared, Gen. 5:18 7. Enoch, Gen. 5:21 See also 1 Chron. 1:1-3, Adam, Seth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah. PASTORAL EPISTLES 1 Tim. 2:13, Adam was formed

first, then Eve. Note the same order of creation as in Genesis 1. 1 Tim. 4:3, abstain from certain foods, which God created to be received with thanksgiving 1 Tim. 4:4, For everything God created is good (Gen. 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, And God saw that it was HEBREWS Heb. 1:2, his Son through whom he made the universe.

Heb. 1:10, In the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. Heb. 2:7, You made him a little lower than the angels Heb. 3:4, God is the builder of everything. Heb. 11:3, By faith we understand that the universe was formed at Gods command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was GENERAL EPISTLES James 1:18, He chose to give us birth through

the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created. James 3:9, With the tongue we praise our Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in Gods likeness. 1 Peter 4:19, should commit themselves to their faithful Creator 2 Peter 3:4-5, They will say, Where is this coming he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation. But they deliberately REVELATION

The New Testament book with the most references to creation is the book of Revelationa total of twenty-one! 1. Rev. 1:8, the Almighty, the Pantokrator (also 4:8, 11:17, 15:3, 16:7, 14, 19:6, 15, and 21:22) 2. Rev. 2:7 (Gen. 2:9), I will give the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God. REVELATION 3. Rev. 3:14, These are the words of the Amen,

the faithful and true witness, the ruler of Gods creation. 4. Rev. 4:11 x 2 (Gen. 1 and 2:3), for you created all things, and by your will they were created and have their being. 5. Rev. 5:13, Then I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all that is in them, singing. REVELATION 6. Rev. 8:9, a third of the living creatures in the sea

7. Rev. 10:6 (Gen. 2:1), who created the heavens and all that is in them, the earth and all that is in it, and the sea and all that is in it 8. Rev. 13:8, the Lamb was slain from the creation of the world. 9. Rev. 14:7 (Gen. 2:4), Worship him who made the heavens, the earth, the sea and the springs of water. REVELATION 10.Rev. 17:8, some have not had their names written in the book of life from the creation of

the world. 11.Rev. 22:2, the tree of life 12.Rev. 22:14 (Gen. 2:9), the right to the tree of life 13.Rev. 22:19, the tree of life Add eight references to this number for the word Almighty. CONCLUSION John: 28 references in his five books Acts: 7 references Paul: 45 references in his thirteen letters

The four Gospels: 17 references Hebrews: 11 references James: 2 references Peter: 5 references Revelation: 22 references CONCLUSION At the start, I stated, As we look at various New Testament passages, please look for any indication of long ages or evolutionary development in living beings. So how many such indications did you hear or read?

Is it really sufficient to attempt to divide and conquer and say, Well, the New Testament is concerned about theology rather than history or chronology? I think not. Soli Deo Gloria

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