The Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch TEST REVIEW Activator Pick up a notecard Take out your pink Unit 3 Sheet. Write down 3

questions/terms that you do not understand. Bicameral Legislature 2 Houses House of Representatives Senate Great Compromise

20 Amendment th Congressional Terms begin on January 3rd in odd numbered years Used to begin in March Ex.

114th Congress began on January 3rd 2015 Census Population count Every 10 years since 1790 Next will be in 2020

Reapportionment Redistricting- state legislatures Based on census Reapportionment Act of 1929 Limited House to 435 members States gain or lose based on population Gerrymandering

Political party drawing voting district boundaries to gain an advantage in elections Packing- all opposing party in 1 district Cracking- dividing opposing party into other

districts Baker v. Carr- federal courts decide conflicts over boundaries Wesbury v. Sanders (GA)- one man , one vote rule (similar sized districts)

27 Amendment th Prohibits sitting Congress from giving itself a pay raise As of 2009, Congressional salary is $174,000/year. More for leadership positions.

Censure Formal actions disapproval of members Incumbent Person

currently holding a political office Historically, 90% win reelection Constituent People represented by a politician

House of 435 members Representatives Based on Population Virginia Plan

Complex Rules Committees Leader- do most of the work Speaker of the House, chosen by

caucus Rules Committee- directs flow of legislation Majority Leader Elected by majority party Party official

Minority Leader Elected by minority party Party official Quorum Minimum

number of members who must be present to vote on legislation House 218 Senate 100 Members

2 per state 6 year term More prestigious

More flexible rules VP- technically President- only votes to break tie President

Pro Tempore-usually most senior Filibuster Used to prevent a vote Strom Thurmond- 24 hours & 18 minutes Stopped by 60 votes for cloture (3/5)

Cloture- allows senator to speak for only 1 hour on a bill under debate Standing Committee Permanent Committee Agriculture,

Appropriations, Armed Services, Budget, Education, Energy & Commerce, Financial Services, Government Reform, House Admin, International Relations, Judiciary, Resources, Rules, Science, Small Business, Subcommittee Specializes

in specific topics of standing committees Select Committees Temporary Matters Committee

of public concern Overlooked problems Problems of interest groups Joint Committees Members from House and Senate Do not propose legislation

Conference Committee Temporary committee to resolve differences between House and Senate version of bill Seniority System Longest

serving members of majority party tend to lead committees Necessary & Proper Clause Article 1, Section 8 Elastic Clause Implied Powers

Strict vs. Loose Expressed Powers Taxes, borrow money, bankruptcy laws, coin money, punish counterfeiters, regulate foreign and interstate trade, declare war, raise and support army & navy, regulate National Guard, Punish acts on

international waters, naturalization laws, post office, copyrights & McCullough vs. Maryland Bank of the US Marshall Court Loose Construction Implied Powers

Naturalization Congress sets rules for becoming a US citizen 25 Amendment th 1.

VP becomes President if president dies, resigns or is impeached 2. President appoints a new VP if office is vacant, Congress must approve 3.

1. VP- Spiro Agnew resigns 2. Nixon appoints Ford 3. Nixon resigns

4. Ford appoints Nelson A. Rockefeller as VP Replacing President with and w/o his/her consent Impeachment House calls for impeachment- formal

accusation of misconduct If impeached, Senate holds trial. 2/3 of Senators must vote to remove. Chief Justice presides if President is being tried. Andrew Johnson- impeach, but acquitted by one vote Nixon- resigned before impeachment

National Budget OMB President Congress President Private vs. Public Bills Private bills- deal with individuals; often peoples

claims against govt or immigration problems Public bill- raising or lowering taxes, Obamacare etc. Pigeonholing Committee lets bill die Hearing

Committee listens to testimony to gather information about a bill Mark Up After committee meeting Changes made to a bill

After mark up, bill must pass committee with a majority vote Voice Vote One bill of 3 ways to vote on a Veto

President rejects a bill 2/3rds of Congress must vote to override veto Pocket Veto A pocket veto is when the president does not sign a bill

passed in the last 10 days of a Congressional session. Logrolling You scratch my back, Ill scratch yours Public works legislation Pork Barrel

Legislation Congressmen and/or representatives try to bring money to their own districts. Pork barrel= federal money Fat= federal project in district

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Agenda Welcome CAN  Canucks Autism Network SET BC

    Agenda Welcome CAN Canucks Autism Network SET BC

    Primary team assess all students. Resource, ESL, principal involved, cross-graded groups 2x a week, for 6 to 8 weeks driven by information from the performance standards (Text features, Oral Comprehension, Risk taking, Critical thinking with words, Getting the big picture)...
  • Vocabulary Lesson 1 The prefix im-  A prefix

    Vocabulary Lesson 1 The prefix im- A prefix

    A prefix is a syllable placed before a root or base word to change or add its meaning. Some prefixes have more than one meaning. For example, the prefix im- can mean "not," or it can mean "in," "within," or...
  • Využití LMS eDoceo v distanční formě navazujícího ...

    Využití LMS eDoceo v distanční formě navazujícího ...

    Sekce 3: Systémy řízení výuky (LMS), distanční a celoživotní vzdělávání Využití LMS eDoceo v distanční formě navazujícího magisterského studia Podniková ekonomika a management
  • MDC-B353: Comparing Windows ServerHyper-V & VMware vSphere

    MDC-B353: Comparing Windows ServerHyper-V & VMware vSphere

    2 ARP Spoofing, DHCP Snooping Protection & Virtual Port ACLs require the App component of VMware vCloud Network & Security (vCNS) product or a Partner solution, all of which are additional purchases 3 Trunking VLANs to individual vNICs, Port Monitoring...
  • Mark A. Lies II - CiHRG

    Mark A. Lies II - CiHRG

    Guns in the Workplace. Carrying Concealed Weapons (CCW) laws set forth the requirements for an individual to carry a concealed firearm in public—vary by state.
  • This is Enlightenment - EMC

    This is Enlightenment - EMC

    This is Enlightenment From the Mediations of Enlightenment to Kant's essay "An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?" (1784) IN: During medieval and Renaissance if you wanted to encounter strangers you had to go on the road or to...
  • Resources for K-12 Schools February 9, 2017 These

    Resources for K-12 Schools February 9, 2017 These

    Mission: To promote suicide prevention as a public health issue and advance evidence-based awareness, intervention and methodology strategies that will support priority populations and healthy communities. Vision: Through the leadership and stewardship of OSPF, Ohio will have culturally appropriate and...
  • CSE190 Winter 2020 Lecture 3 Time and Interrupts

    CSE190 Winter 2020 Lecture 3 Time and Interrupts

    - [Stopwatch, UI, Buzzer] Processor's . timer. peripheral with interrupts (when communicating | usec) - [WiFi] WiFi chip's internal timer peripheral with interrupts. The term is used to avoid confusion with ordinary hardware clocks which are only signals that govern...