1945-1970 Mr. Johnson U.S. History African American medalists, 1968 Olympics Objective 11.02 Trace major events
in the civil rights movement and evaluate its impact. Major Concepts & Key Terms The Civil Rights Movement
De jure segregation De facto segregation Affirmative action Turning points Changes in State & Federal Legislation Executive Actions
Truman Eisenhower Kennedy Johnson Black Power movement Montgomery bus boycotts
Rosa Parks Martin Luther King, Jr. Malcolm X
Black Panthers Stokely Carmichael CORE SNCC March on Washington James Meredith Little Rock Nine George Wallace
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 1954 Thurgood Marshall Earl Warren 24th Amendment Civil Rights Act of 1964 Voting Rights Act of 1965
Cracks in Jim Crows Armor Origin of Jim Crow Thomas D. Rices minstrel shows The Happy Slave
Jim Crow Laws Segregation (Plessy decision) Disfranchisement Poll Tax Literacy Test Grandfather Clause
Executive Actions: FDR Executive Order 8802 No racial discrimination by government contractors Strikes and
demonstrations War industry Executive Actions: Truman Committee on Civil Rights, 1946 Recommendations Trumans executive
orders Banned discrimination in hiring of federal employees Integration of the Armed Forces Integration of the Armed Forces
Dixiecrats States Rights Democratic Party Strom Thurmond Abandoned Truman in the 1948 election b/c
of civil rights Election of 1948 Jackie Robinson, 1947 Signed by Branch Rickey in 1947 Broke the color line in baseball
Achievements Rookie of the Year, 1947 .311 career batting average Six All-Star games Jackie Robinson, 1947
School Integratio n: The Fight in Court Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 Separate but Equal decision
Legalized segregation Segregation 14th Amendment equal protection De jure segregation
segregation by law common in south De facto segregation
segregation as a matter of fact common in north & south often achieved by intimidation continues today School Segregation Laws Terminology
Desegregation = Integration Thurgood Marshall NAACP Legal Defense Fund Thurgood
Marshall (national coordinat or) Oliver Hill (Virginia) McLaurin v. Oklahoma B.O.R., 1950
McLaurin, retired professor Oklahoma University School of Education Side desk Not allowed to mingle
Supreme Court rules that conditions impair education McLaurin v. Oklahoma B.O.R., 1950
Sweatt v. Painter, 1950 Hemon Sweatt was denied admission to University of Texas Law School Sent to separate black law school
Staff Library Students LDF targeted Supreme Courts knowledge of quality legal training Court ruled in Sweatts favor
Elementary & Secondary Schools Davis v. Pr. Edward County VA, 1952 Challenged segregation in Virginia
Was one of four cases that became Brown v. Board Virginia NAACP lawyer Oliver Hill Brown v. Board of Education, 1954 Topeka,
Kansas Parents challenged the segregated school system The Doll Test Black children
selected the white doll as good and smart and pretty Demonstrate d psychological impact of
segregation Warren Courts Unanimous Decision Brown v. Board of Education, 1954 14th Amendment Topeka,
Kansas Separate is not equal Overturned Plessy Ordered nationwide integration
Landmark case Brown v. Board of Education, 1954 Massive Resistanc e
Slow Pace Brown decision All deliberate speed Significant integration did not begin until mid/late
1960s Resistance to Brown in Virginia Led by Harry Byrd, segregationist politician Some public schools in Virginia closed down from
1959-1964 rather than integrate black students Confederate Flag Resurrecte d symbol of the Civil War
Resistance to integration The Little Rock Nine, 1957 Eisenhower James Meredith, 1961 JFK
George Wallace States rights Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever! Alabama
governor Presidential candidate George Wallaces Stand, 1963 White Flight New private & religious
schools Separate neighborhoods suburbia Resegregation The Peoples Movemen
t Bob Dylan Come gather 'round people Wherever you roam And admit that the waters Around you have grown And accept it that soon You'll be drenched to the bone.
If your time to you Is worth savin' Then you better start swimmin' Or you'll sink like a stone For the times they are a-changin'. Bob Dylan Come writers and critics Who prophesize with your pen
And keep your eyes wide The chance won't come again And don't speak too soon For the wheel's still in spin And there's no tellin' who That it's namin'. For the loser now Will be later to win For the times they are a-changin'.
Bob Dylan Come senators, congressmen Please heed the call Don't stand in the doorway Don't block up the hall For he that gets hurt Will be he who has stalled There's a battle outside
And it is ragin'. It'll soon shake your windows And rattle your walls For the times they are a-changin'. Bob Dylan Come mothers and fathers Throughout the land And don't criticize
What you can't understand Your sons and your daughters Are beyond your command Your old road is Rapidly agin'. Please get out of the new one If you can't lend your hand For the times they are a-changin'.
Bob Dylan The line it is drawn The curse it is cast The slow one now Will later be fast As the present now Will later be past The order is Rapidly fadin'.
And the first one now Will later be last For the times they are a-changin'. Organizations NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People CORE Congress of Racial Equality SNCC Student Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee SCLC Southern Christian Leadership Conference Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955 Beginning of civil rights movement Economic
pressure Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955 Nonviolent Resistance Sit-In Movement, 1960
March on Washington, 1963 I Have a Dream Text, Video & Audi o of the Address Civil Rights Act of 1964
1) Same requirements for black & white voters 2) Prohibits discrimination in public accommodations 3) Withholding of federal funds from discriminatory programs and businesses 4) Bans discrimination based on race, sex,
religion and national origin by employers & unions; creates EEOC Filibuster Southern Democrats Robert C. Byrd (WV) Former Klansman 14 hour speech
Still in Congress today!!! The Act Becomes Law Voting Rights Act of 1965 Federal officials may register voters
when local offices block African Americans Eliminated literacy tests 24th Amendment, 1964 Eliminated poll
tax The Young Radicals Harlem Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up
Like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? Gil Scott-Heron
The Revolution Will Not be Televised Gil Scott-Heron You will not be able to stay home, brother. You will not be able to plug in, turn on and cop out.
You will not be able to lose yourself on skag [heroin] and skip out for beer during commercials, Because the revolution will not be televised. Gil Scott-Heron The revolution will not be televised. The revolution will not be brought to you by Xerox in 4 parts without commercial
interruptions. The revolution will not show you pictures of Nixon blowing a bugle and leading a charge by John Mitchell, General Abrams and Spiro Agnew to eat hog maws confiscated from a Harlem sanctuary. The revolution will not be televised. Gil Scott-Heron
The revolution will not be brought to you by the Schaefer Award Theatre and will not star Natalie Woods and Steve McQueen or Bullwinkle and Julia. The revolution will not give your mouth sex appeal. The revolution will not get rid of the nubs. The revolution will not make you look five pounds thinner, because the revolution will not
be televised, Brother. Gil Scott-Heron There will be no pictures of you and Willie May pushing that shopping cart down the block on the dead run, or trying to slide that color television into a stolen ambulance. NBC will not be able predict the winner at 8:32 or report from 29 districts.
The revolution will not be televised. Gil Scott-Heron There will be no pictures of pigs [police] shooting down brothers in the instant replay. There will be no pictures of pigs shooting down brothers in the instant replay. There will be no pictures of Whitney Young [civil rights activist] being run out of Harlem on
a rail with a brand new process. There will be no slow motion or still life of Roy Wilkins [civil rights activist] strolling through Watts in a Red, Black and Green liberation jumpsuit that he had been saving for just the proper occasion. Gil Scott-Heron Green Acres, The Beverly Hillbillies, and
Hooterville Junction will no longer be so damned relevant, and women will not care if Dick finally gets down with Jane on Search for Tomorrow because Black people will be in the street looking for a brighter day. The revolution will not be televised.
Gil Scott-Heron There will be no highlights on the eleven o'clock news and no pictures of hairy armed women liberationists and Jackie Onassis [JFKs widow] blowing her nose. The theme song will not be written by Jim Webb or Francis Scott Key, nor sung by Glen Campbell, Tom Jones, Johnny Cash, Englebert Humperdink, or the Rare Earth [white
musicians]. Gil Scott-Heron The revolution will not be right back after a message about a white tornado, white lightning, or white people. You will not have to worry about the dove in your bedroom, the tiger in your tank, or the giant in your toilet bowl.
The revolution will not go better with Coke. The revolution will not fight the germs that may cause bad breath. The revolution will put you in the driver's seat. Gil Scott-Heron The revolution will not be televised, will not be televised, will not be televised,
will not be televised. The revolution will be no re-run brothers; The revolution will be live. Nation of Islam Malcolm X Black Nationalism Break with Nation
of Islam, 1964 Kennedy assassination comments Muhammads illegitimate children The Ballot or the Bullet audio
Malcolm X Hajj & conversion to orthodox Islam, 1964 New message March Against Fear, 1966 James Meredith
Solitary march from Memphis, TN to Jackson, Mississippi Wounded by sniper March was continued by others, including Stokely Carmichael March Against Fear, 1966
Stokely Carmichael Black Power We are oppressed because we are black. And in order to get out of that oppression [we] must wield
group power Text & audio of speech Black Panther Party, 1966 Bobby Seale & Huey Newton Oakland, CA
Black Panther Party, 1966 Back to Court Loving v. Virginia, 1967 Court struck down antimiscegenation laws
Legalized interracial marriage Swann v. Charlotte-Meck B.O.E., 1971 Implementation of Brown decision
City-wide busing may be used to integrate schools Regents of Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke, 1978 Challenged affirmative
action admission policy Split decision by the court Admitted Bakke Prohibited quotas Sanctioned affirmative action A Decade of
Assassinatio ns Medgar Evers, 1963 John F. Kennedy, 1963 LBJ Takes Office
Lee Harvey Oswald, 1963 Malcolm X, 1965 Martin Luther King, 1968 Robert F. Kennedy, 1968 The End of
an Era Contributions Civil Rights/ Integration Legislation Cooperation Black
Power/Black Nationalism Psychological Pressure on government & more moderate civil rights Southern Strategy & Law &
Order 1964 Election: South Goes Republican Nixons Electoral Victories 1968 Election 1972 Election
Gil Scott-Heron Winter in America + lyrics Inspiration Government Actions
Executive Branch FDR Executive order 8802 (govt contractors) Truman Committee on Civil Rights Executive order
9980 (federal employment) Executive order 9981 (armed forces) Legislative Branch Civil Rights
Act Voting Rights Act Judicial Branch Warren Court McLaurin v. Oklahoma B.O.R.
Sweatt v. Painter Brown v. B.O.E. Blowin in the Wind How many roads must a man walk down Before you call him a man? Yes, 'n' how many seas must a white dove sail
Before she sleeps in the sand? Yes, 'n' how many times must the cannon balls fly Before they're forever banned? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind, The answer is blowin' in the wind. Blowin in the Wind
How many times must a man look up Before he can see the sky? Yes, 'n' how many ears must one man have Before he can hear people cry? Yes, 'n' how many deaths will it take till he knows That too many people have died? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,
The answer is blowin' in the wind. Blowin in the Wind How many years can a mountain exist Before it's washed to the sea? Yes, 'n' how many years can some people exist Before they're allowed to be free? Yes, 'n' how many times can a man turn his
head, Pretending he just doesn't see? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind, The answer is blowin' in the wind. Civil Rights vs.
Black Nationalism Religious Beliefs Political Beliefs: Integration & Civil Rights Religious Beliefs
Political Beliefs: Black Nationalism Martin Luther King, Jr. Malcolm X Common Beliefs
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