The Basics of APA Formatting - Chestnut Hill College

The Basics of APA Formatting - Chestnut Hill College

HC C the nter m Fro ng Ce ti Wri The Basics o f MLA Forma ttin g From the CHC Writing Center General Format Your essay should include two major

sections: 2. 2. Works Works Cited Cited Page Page 1. 1. Main Main Body Body MLA papers do not have title pages. The title and authors information are included on the first page of the main body. From the CHC Writing Center

Formatting the First Page 1. Your name 2. Your professors name 3. Name of class Header= your last name and the page number Title of the paper 4. Date The title should not be underline or boldfaced

From the CHC Writing Center In-Text Citations 0 Used to cite information that you have taken from another source and used in your paper in the form of: 0 Direct Quotes 0 Paraphrasing 0 Summary 0 Whenever you use a source, provide in parenthesis: 0 the authors last name and the page number where the information is found From the CHC Writing Center In-text Citations: Formatting Quotations

With a signal phrase Without a signal phrase Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as symbol-using animals (3). Human beings have been described as symbol-using animals (Burke 3). From the CHC Writing Center In-text Citations: Formatting a Summary or Paraphrase With a signal phrase

Without a signal phrase Legal scholar Jay Kesan points out that the law holds employers liable for employees actions such as violations of copyright laws, the distribution of offensive material, and illegal disclosure of confidential information (312). The law holds employers liable for employees actions such as violations of copyright laws, the distribution of offensive material, and illegal disclosure of confidential information (Kesan 312). From the CHC Writing Center In-text Citations: A Work with Two or Three Authors

Wi th l na g i as e ras h p Smith, Yang, and Moore argue that tougher gun control is not needed in the United States because it erodes Second Amendment rights (76). For a source with three or fewer

authors, list the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation Wi t ho ut a sig nal ph ras e Some legal experts argue that tougher gun control is not needed in the United States because it erodes Second Amendment rights (Smith, Yang, and Moore 76). From the CHC Writing Center

In-text Citations: A Work with Four or More Authors 0When citing a work with four or more authors, identify the first authors name followed by et al. Jones et al. counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4). OR Some legal experts counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (Jones et al. 4). From the CHC Writing Center In-text Citations: Selection in an Anthology

0 Put the name of the author of the selection (not editor of the anthology) in the signal phrase or the parenthesis. In Love is a Fallacy, the narrators logical teachings disintegrate when Polly declares that she should date Petey because, hes got a raccoon cost (Shulman 379). From the CHC Writing Center In-text Citations: Verse Play or Poem 0 For verse plays, give act, scene, and line numbers that can be located in any edition of the work. Separate the numbers with periods. In Shakespeares King Lear, Gloucester, blinded for suspected treason, learns a profound lesson from his tragic experience: A man may see how this world goes / with no eyes (4.2.148-49).

From the CHC Writing Center In-text Citations: A Work of Unknown Author 0 When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name, and provide a page number. Titles of books are italicized; titles of articles are put in quotation marks. According to the article Impact of Global Warming, we see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . ." (6). We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . ." ("Impact of Global Warming" 6).

From the CHC Writing Center In-text Citations: Work with no Page Numbers 0 Do not include a page number if the work lacks page numbers, as is the case with many Web sources. As a 2005 study by Salary.com and America Online indicates, the Internet ranked as the top choice among employees for ways of wasting tome on the job; it beat talking with coworkers by a margin of nearly two to one (Frauenheim). From the CHC Writing Center Works Cited Page Center the title (Work Cited) at the top of the page. Do not bold or

underline it. Double-space reference entries Flush left the first line of the entry and indent subsequent lines Order entries alphabetically by the authors last name From the CHC Writing Center Works Cited: Basics 0 Invert authors names

0 last name first followed by the first name: Smith, Jane. 0 Alphabetize reference list entries by the last name of the first author of each work 0 In titles of works, capitalize all words except articles (a, an, the), prepositions (into, between, etc.), coordination conjunctions (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet), and the to infinitives 0 Italicize titles of longer works such as books; use quotation marks for titles of articles and other short works Works Cited: Basics 0 The general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry should be listed in the following order: 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Author. Title of Source. Title of Container, Other Contributors, Version/Edition, Volume/Issue Number(s), Publisher, Publication Date, Location/page numbers. *Not all citations will include all 9 of these elements. What you

include will vary depending on the source.* From the CHC Writing Center From the CHC Writing Center Works Cited: Basic Format for Books 0 Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Publisher, publication date. Ex.: Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. MacMurray, 1999. From the CHC Writing Center Work Cited:

Work with Two or Three Authors 0 Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname. Title of Book. Publisher, publication date. Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Allyn and Bacon, 2000. From the CHC Writing Center Works Cited: A Selection from an Anthology 0 Last name, First name. "Title of Essay." Title of Collection, edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, Page range of entry. Harris, Muriel. "Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers." A Tutor's Guide: Helping Writers One to One, edited by Ben Rafoth, Heinemann, 2000, pp. 24-34.

Works Cited: Basics for Online/Electronic Sources 0 Here are some common features you should try to find before citing electronic sources in MLA style: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Author and/or editor names (if available) Article name in quotation marks. Title of the website, project, or book in italics. Any version numbers available, including editions (ed.), revisions, posting dates,

volumes (vol.), or issue numbers (no.). Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date. Take note of any page numbers (p. or pp.) or paragraph numbers (par. or pars.). URL (without the https://) DOI or permalink. Date you accessed the material (Date Accessed)While not required, it is highly recommended, especially when dealing with pages that change frequently or do not have a visible copyright date. Remember to cite containers after your regular citation. Examples of containers are collections of short stories or poems, a television series, or even a website. A container is anything that is a part of a larger body of works. From the CHC Writing Center Work Cited: From the CHC Writing Center Work from an Online Database 0 Lastname, Firstname. Title of Article. Journal Title,

Vol.#, no. #, year of publication, page range. Database Name. DOI or URL. Date of Access. Langhamer, Claire. Love and Courtship in Mid Twentieth-Century England. Historical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2007, pp. 173- 96. ProQuest, doi:10.1017/S0018246X06005966. Accessed 27 May 2009. From the CHC Writing Center Works Cited: A Page on Website 0 Editor or Author(if available). Title of the Page. Name of Website. The sponser/publisher of the site, date of resource creation (if available), DOI, URL, or permalink. Date accessed(if available). Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015. Without author:

"Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview." WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes- foottopic-overview. Works Cited: From the CHC Writing Center An Image Accessed Online (painting, sculpture, or photograph) You may h ave to hunt arou nd to find the inform atio don't be la n; z y! 0 Try to find as much of the following information as

possible: 0 Lastname, Firstname. Title of Artists Work, Title of Website, date published/posted, URL, Date accessed. Adams, Clifton R. People relax beside a swimming pool at a country estate near Phoenix, Arizona, 1928. Found, National Geographic Creative, 2 June 2016, natgeofound.tumblr.com/. Accessed May 2006. From the CHC Writing Center Helpful Websites 0 For more information on formatting your paper visit: 0 The CHC Writing Centers website at: www.chc.edu/writingcenter/ 0 The Purdue Online Writing Lab (Purdue OWL) at: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl

0 Easybib Overview of MLA 8 http://www.easybib.com/guides/citation-guides/mla-format/

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