Text Structure and Text Features Review - Mrs. Moffitt's Class
Text Structure and Text Features Review Nonfiction Reading Unit 5th Grade Text Structure vs. Text Features Do you know the difference? Text Structure is the overall make- up of what your nonfiction text. It is much like the wall and build of a house. Text Features are the extra pieces of information in a nonfiction text. They make the text easier for the reader to understand. They are much like the decorations in a home- the details. Text Structure
What are the text structures we have learned about? Cause and Effect Sequential/Chronological/Time order Enumeration (list) Problem & Solution Compare & Contrast Main Idea & Detail Cause and Effect The author is trying to give reasons why something has happened or what the result is. Some signal words include: so, so that, because of, as a result of, since, in order to
What story have we read this year that is in the cause and effect text structure? Sequential/Chronological/Time Order The author is telling events in the order in which they occurred. In order for the information to make sense it must remain in this order. If you switched up the order, it would no longer make sense. (You wouldnt put your cake in the oven before you put any of the ingredients together!) What story have we read this year that is in sequential order? Enumeration/List
States the main topic in the first sentence and then gives a list of support or information. The big difference between Enumeration and Sequential is order is that in Enumeration order does not matter. If you switched some of the pieces, it would not change the meaning of the passage. Problem & Solution States a problem in topic sentence; supporting details describe the problem, its causes, and solutions This type of passage might give a few solutions. They may not all work, but they are striving to solve the problem.
What text have we read this year that follows the problem and solution text structure? Compare & Contrast Subjects are compared, contrasted, or both; supporting details show how subjects are either alike (comparison) or different (contrast), or both What would be some examples of compare and contrast text structure? Main Idea & Detail This text structure has a main idea followed by supporting details that all refer back to the main idea.
Which textbooks follow this text structure? What story have we read this year that follows the main idea and detail text structure? Text Features What nonfiction text features have we learned about this year? Bolded/highlighted words Glossary Index Table of contents Graphic aids (charts, graphs, diagrams, pictures, etc) Captions
Headings The following slides come from: teacherweb.com/KY/NorthMiddleSchool/.../ TextFeatures.ppt Understandin g Nonfiction Text Text Features Examples of Text Features With Definitions
Text Features Help Students Understand Nonfiction Text Explanations for How Text Features Help Readers What are text features? Authors include text features to help the reader better understand what they have read. Text features provide information that may not be written in the text itself. Text features can be found in textbooks,
magazine articles, newspapers, reports, web pages, and other forms of nonfiction text. Where would a reader find information about where an animal lives? Table of Contents Table of Contents Chapter 1: All About Animals Animal 1 Animal Animal
3 Animal 4 Adaptations ..Page Food...Page 2 Habitats . ..Page Homes ...Page Chapter 2: All About Plants Photosynthesis .Page 5 Types of Plants .Page 6 Lists the major parts of a book along with
their page numbers. It outlines the main topics or main points. Readers can use the table of contents to help locate information in the book and see how everything is organized. Where would a reader find information in the text about acid rain?
Index A Abu Simbel, temple of, p73 Acadia, Canada, 212-213 Acid rain, 396, c396-c397, 396-397 Animal Adaptations p1 Animal Food p2 Animal Habitats p3 Animal Homes p5 Is an alphabetical listing of the key names, terms, events, and topics with page
numbers. Readers use the index to help find pages that contain information they are looking for. How would the glossary help the reader understand text about animal adaptations? Glossary A Acid rain (AS ihd rayn) rain that carries certain
kind of pollution. Adapt (uh DAPT) to change in order to survive in new environments A list of key terms in alphabetical order. Each key word is defined. Sometimes a glossary also tells you how to pronounce a word. Readers use the glossary to look up key terms to find out their meaning. This helps
the reader better learn and understand the subject. What do the titles of the articles in these newspapers tell you? Titles Titles tell the reader the topic of the text. Titles show the main idea of the text. Titles help the reader by letting them know what they are about to
read. Titles focus the reader on a topic so they can make connections between what they already know and the text. Where would the reader look to find out about a fire ant? Subheadings Helpful Ants Although ants are frustrating when they get in homes, ants do help the environment. They help
control the population of damaging pests such as termites. Types of Ants Types of ants include fire ants, which cause a painful sting, and carpenter ants, which damage wood structures while nest building. Other types of ants include honey, pharaoh, house, Argentine, and the thief ant. Subheadings divide the text into sections. Subheadings tell the main idea of each
section of text. They are printed in large or bold type to make them stand out. Subheadings help the reader to locate information in the text by telling them where to look. How do the words in italics help the reader understand the text? Text (Bold, Color, & Italics) The style and color of the
The Wetlands of the text sends the reader signals about how to read South the content. Why are the Souths Key words to notice are in wetlands so important? bold or in color. The Okefenokee (oh kuh fuh NOH kee) Swamp is a Text in italics is used in large wetland in the South. picture captions, book A wetland is a place where titles, and any other the ground is soaked with element that needs to
water for at least part of stand out. the year. Text in bold, color, or italics draw the readers attention to important information. How might these photos help the reader understand the text? Photographs Illustrations Photos and illustrations give
information in a visual way. They help tell the story. They work with the words and headings to help teach material. They help the reader understand an idea from the text that was unclear. How does this caption help the
reader understand the picture? If this article was about finding treasure, how would this caption help the reader understand the text? Photo by MARCIN SZCZEPANSKI These gold coins were found on the ocean floor! Captions A caption explains what is shown in a
picture or illustration. Captions help the reader understand information that may or may not be in the text. One of the textboxes above asks the reader to solve a mystery about a Tasmanian Devil. Why would he include this mystery?
Textbox A textbox provides more information than is in the text about a topic. A textbox can include interesting facts or important information the author wants the reader to know. Textboxes help readers understand by creating interest or emphasizing important
information. How would a map of the United States help the reader understand an article about Texas? Maps Maps are drawings that show the basic shape of the land and other geographical, political, or historical features. They present information in a visual
form. They help the reader understand where an event happens. They help the reader understand how far away an event took place. How could this diagram help the reader understand volcanoes? Diagrams A diagram is a drawing that shows or
explains something. To understand a diagram the reader should read the titles, labels, captions, and numbered parts. Diagrams help the reader understand steps, how objects are made, or information in the text. How would a table about volcano eruptions help the reader understand volcanoes?
Tables Tables organize large amounts of information in a small space. Tables present all kinds of data, from numbers and amounts, to calendars and menus. Tables help the reader compare information in the text.
? How would a timeline help a reader understand an article about why some older people arent knowledgeable about computers Timelines Timelines show important events in chronological order or time order. Timelines help
the reader better understand the order of events and how one event may have lead to another.
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