Small Island - MR. KEMPNER'S ENGLISH PORTAL (2018-19)

Small Island - MR. KEMPNER'S ENGLISH PORTAL (2018-19)

HOME LEARNING: Small Island How does the writer use language to describe the effect of the hurricane? Include: Words and phrases Language features and techniques Sentence forms Annotate the extract and write a PEELA paragraph in response to the question. Small Island by Andrea Levy No living person should ever see the underside of a tree. The roots that gnarled, tangled mess of prongs that plummet unruly into the earth in search of sustenance. As I fled from the schoolhouse after the hurricane had passed, the world was upside down. The fields to my left, to my right, undulated with this black and wretched chaos. Trees ripped from the land that held them fast for years. Branches that should have been seeking light snuffled now in the dirt their fruit splattered about like gunshot. Tin roofs were on the ground while the squeaking wheels of carts rotated high in the air, disordered and topsy-turvy. I stumbled through this estranged landscape alarmed as a blind man who can now see.

How many marks is this worth? EXAMPLE RESPONSE The narrator uses similes to liken the destruction of the island after the hurricane to that of a warzone. She comments that the fruit from the trees was now splattered about like gunshot. The use of this simile immediately creates an image for the reader of destruction and a sense of fear. This is highlighted by the use of the word gunshot which leads the reader to consider the hurricane as dangerous, destructive, violent and life-threatening event. Furthermore the use of gunshot combined with the word splattered suggests the island has been left in a chaotic Swap paragraph with a partner and evaluate their work Question 2: Language Analysis Level Skills Descriptor 4 Analyses the effects of the writers choices of language

Perceptive, Selects a judicious range of quotations detailed Uses sophisticated subject terminology accurately 7-8 marks 3 Clear, relevant 5-6 marks Clearly explains the effects of the writers choices of language Selects a range of relevant quotations Uses subject terminology accurately QUESTION 3 QUESTION 3 STRUCTURE ANALYSIS Worth 8 marks spend 10 minutes answering it in 2 PEES paragraphs. Question 3 focuses on the structure of the text Look at the whole source. How has the writer structured the text to interest you as a reader? Structural features: Beginning & ending of a text

Perspective shifts Topic change & topic shift Paragraph lengths (including single sentence paragraphs) Sentence lengths Repetition Lists Question 3: Structural Analysis Level Skills Descriptor 4 Analyses the effects of the writers choices of structure Perceptive, Selects a judicious range of quotations detailed Uses sophisticated subject terminology accurately 7-8 marks 3 Clear, relevant

5-6 marks Clearly explains the effects of the writers choices of structure Selects a range of relevant quotations Uses subject terminology accurately Arrange the cut up sections from The Castle of Otranto in chronological order. Each section is a paragraph. Could she reach the altar before she was overtaken, she knew even Manfred's violence would not dare to profane the sacredness of the place; and she determined, if no other means of deliverance offered, to shut herself up for ever among the holy virgins, whose convent was contiguous to the cathedral. In this resolution, she seized a lamp that burned at the foot of the staircase, and hurried towards the secret passage. for the cruel destiny that awaited her, she did not doubt but Manfred would seek her there, and that his violence would incite him to double the injury he meditated, without leaving room for them to avoid the impetuosity of his passions. Delay might give him time to reflect on the horrid measures he had conceived, or produce some circumstance in her favour, if she could for that night at least avoid his odious purpose. Yet where conceal herself? how avoid the pursuit he would infallibly make throughout the castle? As these thoughts passed rapidly through her mind, she recollected a subterraneous passage which led from the vaults of the castle to the church of St. Nicholas. That lady, whose resolution had given way to terror the moment she had quitted Manfred, continued her flight to the bottom of the principal staircase. There she stopped, not knowing whither to direct her steps, nor how to escape from the impetuosity of the prince. The gates of the castle she knew were locked, and guards placed in the court. The lower part of the castle was hollowed into several intricate cloisters; and it was not easy for one under so much anxiety to find the door that opened into the cavern. An awful silence reigned throughout those subterraneous regions,

except now and then some blasts of wind that shook the doors she had passed, and which, grating on the rusty hinges, were re-echoed through that long labyrinth of darkness. That lady, whose resolution had given way to terror the moment she had quitted Manfred, continued herthat flightlady to the bottom of the principal staircase. Starts in the third person on sense of mystery There she stopped, not knowing whither to direct her steps, nor how to escape from the impetuosity of the prince. The gates of the castle she knew were locked, and guards placed in the court. Should she, as her heart prompted her, go and prepare Hippolita for the cruel destiny that awaited her, she did not doubt but Manfred would seek her there, and that his violence would incite him to double the injury he meditated, without leaving room for them to avoid the impetuosity of his passions. Delay might give him time to reflect on the horrid a dramatic pause

reflects change in favour, perspective measures he had conceived,Use or of produce some circumstance in her if she could for that night at least avoid his odious purpose. Yet where conceal herself? how avoid the pursuit he would infallibly make throughout the castle? As these thoughts passed rapidly through her mind, she recollected a The passage rhetoricalwhich questions whichthe show her panic and anxiety subterraneous led from vaults of the castle

to the church of St. Nicholas. Could she reach the altar before she was overtaken, she knew even Manfred's violence would not dare to profane the sacredness of the place; and she determined, if no other means of deliverance offered, to shut herself up for ever among the holy virgins, whose convent was contiguous to the cathedral. In this resolution, she seized a lamp that burned at the foot of the ending is the long labyrinth of darkness apart of the castle staircase, and The hurried towards the secret passage. The lower sentence which reflects the being was hollowed complex into several intricate cloisters; andlabyrinth

it was not easy for one under so much anxiety to find the door that opened into the cavern. An awful silence described. reigned throughout those subterraneous regions, except now and then some blasts of wind that shook the doors she had passed, and which, grating on the rusty hinges, were re-echoed through that long labyrinth of darkness. QUESTION 3 PRACTICE Focusing on page 4 of Lamb to the Slaughter, how has the writer structured the text to interest readers? Highlight parts of the section that could be used to answer this question and annotate the techniques which are used. Could include: Beginning & ending of a text Perspective shifts Topic change & topic shift

Paragraph lengths (including single sentence paragraphs) Sentence lengths Repetition Lists "Please," she begged. "Personally, I couldn't eat a thing, but it'd be a favour to me if you ate it up. Then you can go on with your work." The detectives hesitated, but they were hungry, and in the end, they went into the kitchen and helped themselves to supper. The woman stayed where she was and listened to them through the open door. She could hear them speaking among themselves, and their voices were thick because their mouths were full of meat. "Have some more, Charlie." "No, we'd better not finish it." "She wants us to finish it. She said we ought to eat it up."

"That's a big bar the murderer must have used to hit poor Patrick. The doctor says the back of his head was broken to pieces. "That's why the weapon should be easy to find. Dramatic irony through the use of "Exactly what I say." dialogue changes in perspective. "Whoever did it, he can't carry a weapon that big around with him." "Personally, I think the weapon is somewhere near the house." Short sentence to end the story. Dahl has Mary in "It's probably right under our noses. What do you think, Jack?" another room to create And in the other room, Mary Maloney began to laugh. distance between herself and the detectives. Focusing on page 4, how has the writer structured the text to interest readers? CONNECTIVE POINT

Firstly, then, more importantly, ironically, significantly, later on, in addition, interestingly, finally, to conclude says, points out, insists, claims, decides, concludes, asserts, quotes, gives examples of, lists, thinks, mocks, laughs at, ridicules, asks, hints, suggests, examines, comments, explores, praises, continues, describes, reports, admits EVIDENCE + EXPLANATIO N STRUCTURE ANALYSIS + AUDIENCE that _____

The use of dialogue such as which suggests. The use of the short sentence which suggests/highlights/ shows/emphasises to the reader that PEER EVALUATION Question 3: Structural Analysis Level Skills Descriptor 4 Analyses the effects of the writers choices of structure Perceptive, Selects a judicious range of quotations detailed Uses sophisticated subject terminology accurately 7-8 marks

3 Clear, relevant 5-6 marks Clearly explains the effects of the writers choices of structure Selects a range of relevant quotations Uses subject terminology accurately HOME LEARNING The Castle of Otranto How has the writer structured the text to interest readers? Could include: Beginning & ending of a text Perspective shifts Topic change & topic shift Paragraph lengths (including single sentence paragraphs) Sentence lengths Repetition Lists

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