Constructing and Outline I. What are the various styles of preaching and how they relate to outlining? A. There are several different styles of presentation in preaching.
1. Preaching from a manuscript. a. The advantage of this type of preaching is that you have carefully thought out everything that will be said and therefore it should flow smoothly and have effective transitions from point to point.
b. The disadvantage of this type of preaching is that it can become restrictive, you can easily become tied to the manuscript or lose your place and become confused.
2. Preaching from an outline. Preaching from an outline frees the speaker to speak from the heart and yet to maintain direction, order and purpose in the message. 3. Preaching without notes.
a. The advantage of this type of preaching is that it forces the preacher to be very prepared and to commit the message to his or her heart. b. The disadvantage of this type of preaching is that under certain circumstances the
preacher could lose his or her place and confuse the message. 4. Preaching extemporaneously. B. Regardless of the style of presentation, a good outline is important.
II. What is the primary purpose of an outline? A. It provides a skeleton upon which to hang the flesh of your speech. B. It helps to establish order within your speech. C. It helps the speech to flow
freely from one part to another. D. It helps to avoid rambling. E. It helps you to reach your desired goal. F. It helps the listeners. III. What are the various ways that
you can arrange your outline? There are various ways in which to bring order to your outline (The following taken from Speech Fundamentals by Mardell Clemens): A. There is the time pattern.
1. The main points of the outline are chronological divisions. 2. The order is given from a given point in time backward or forward. 3. Speeches that fit this pattern would include biography, testimony and historical
narrative. B. There is the space pattern. 1. The main points of the outline are determined by physical placement. 2. The order is from east to west, north to south, top to bottom,
etc. 3. Speeches that fit this pattern would be related to directions to a place or descriptions of an object. C. There is the categorical pattern.
1. The main points of the outline are determined by a systematic classification based upon the relationship of the parts to the whole. 2. The order may follow one of several patterns:
a. The most important or interesting first and last with the least important in the middle. b. The simple to the complex. c. The familiar to the unfamiliar. D. There is the cause-effect or
effect-cause pattern. 1. The main points of the outline are built around (1) the cause and (2) the effect. 2. The order depends on whether you are seeking to determine the causes from known effects or the effect from the know
causes. E. There is the problem-solution pattern. 1. The main points of the outline are built around (1) the problem and (2) the solution. 2. The order is obvious.
F. There is the reasons for or reasons against pattern. 1. The main points of the outline are reasons for supporting or opposing a proposition. 2. The specific order may be determined based on some of
the other patterns above. IV. What are the reasons for working hard on the proper arrangement of points? A. It assists in the working out of the details of the speech. B. It assists in putting together a
logical presentation. C. It assists the speaker in remembering where he or she is going. D. It assists the hearer in remembering the message. E. It assists in keeping audience
attention. F. It makes the speech more persuasive. G. It helps to establish unity in your sermon. V. How many divisions should there be in a typical sermon?
The number of main points should be kept to a minimum. It is best to have only three to five main points. VI. What are the qualities of the good outline? A. An outline should consist of
succinct statements. Example: John Wesleys sermon 1. Earn all you can. 2. Save all you can. 3. Give all you can. B. An outline should consist of
paralleled statements. 1. Use approximately the same number of words to express each of the main points. 2. Phrase the main points in a similar way. 3. Normally the points should be
complete sentences. 4. Be careful not to overdo clever alliterations. Do not sacrifice the message for cuteness. C. An outline should consist of proportional statements. 1. Try to keep the amount of
material that you will cover under each point approximately the same. 2. At the same time you should be sure to spend appropriate time on the most important points. D. An outline should consist of
mutually exclusive statements. 1. Each major point within the outline ought to be a distinct idea, worthy of separate treatment. 2. This avoids overlapping and boredom due to unnecessary redundancy.
E. An outline should consist of contemporary statements. The outline should speak directly to the peoples lives to whom you are speaking. They shouldnt have to work to make it relevant.
VII. What are some guidelines when regarding announcing the divisions in the outline? A. It is not normally necessary to announce the points of your outline. 1. In short speeches it is usually better not to highlight your
outline. 2. Try to use creative alternatives to revealing your outline. B. There may be occasions where it is appropriate. 1. When the train of thought is difficult to follow.
2. When there are many points in the speech. 3. When it will aid the memory of the hearers. 4. When it will recapture attention and stir the interest of the hearers.
5. When you are making a particular point about the actual number of points involved. C. It can be helpful to summarize your points at the beginning and/or at the end of your speech for the purpose of outline
overview. VIII. How does all of this line up with the leading of the Holy Spirit? The outline is only a tool to assist the preacher in the effective delivery of the message that God
has put on his or her heart. No one should become a slave to the outline. After all is said and done, one must be flexible and follow the leading of the Holy Spirit Sometimes what appears to be a tangent or off the subject is a
key for that audience or someone in that audience on that particular occasion.
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