National Institute of of Building Sc ienc es National Institute Building Sciences F ac ilities Information Counc il National Building Information Model Standard National BIM Standard Industry Foundation Classes Agenda Based on and supporting Information Delivery Manuals and International Framework for Dictionaries Overview National BIM Standard NIBS National BIM Standard Project Committee November 2006 This presentation is a collaborative product of the NIBS NBIMS Project Committee. Why NBIMS? Having standardized information for a facility: Defines facility information exchanges and resulting BIM data Organizes facility life-cycle information Provides basis for longevity to the information
NIBS 2006 Agenda The NBIMS Initiative Organization Participation Method of working What is a National BIM Standard? Goal scenario - What does an NBIMS look like and how will NBIMS function How will NBIMS be developed? What is happening now? NIBS 2006 Emerging buildingSMART-NA Initiative Draft Role A Strategy for Improving Facilities The buildingSMART Alliance will: Act as a focal point for improving facilities efficiency Establish consortia arrangements for conducting research, Conduct forums and workshops, Manage research and researchrelated projects, Disseminate information, Review work performed by others. Develop and recommend standards, guidelines and certification programs; Stimulate innovation in the industry Promote increased understanding and communications NIBS 2006 NBIMS Organization Chart NIBS NIBS
Board of Board ofDirectors Directors Facility Facility Information Information Council Council NBIMS NBIMSProject Project Executive Executive Committee Committee Scoping Scoping Task TaskTeam Team Development Development Task TaskTeam Team Testing Testing Task TaskTeam Team Business BusinessProcess
Process Integration Integration Task TaskTeam Team Fundraising Fundraising Task TaskTeam Team Model ModelView View Task Team Task Team Communications Communications Task TaskTeam Team Consensus ConsensusCommittee Committee NBIMS NBIMSCommunity Communityof ofInterest Interest NIBS 2006 Groups Supporting NBIMS
OmniClasst m AEC Infosystems NIBS 2006 NBIMS Levels of involvement Community of interest Membership on the listserv and participation in BIM related discussions Consensus Committee A cross-sectional subset of the Community of Interest that will actually participate in the voting on the standard. Task Teams Open membership for those who want to be involved in the drafting of the standard which will go to the Consensus Committee NBIMS Executive Committee Management and oversight of the entire project committee effort with cross sectional representation Facility Information Council The NIBS Council under which the NBIMS and NCS efforts operate. They determine what other projects may be necessary in the future NIBS 2006 Committees and Charters BIM Standards Requires an Integrated, Multi-Disciplinary Focus Executive Committee Deke Smith, Chairman NBIMS
Provides oversight, direction, and guidance on all aspects of the NBIMS initiative Scoping Committee Dianne Davis, Committee Chair BIM/IDM Implementation Roadmap and North American Standards Mapping Model View Team Richard See, Committee Chair Supports rapid deployment of IDM and IE schemas into IAI/IFC model Development Team Bill East, Committee Chair Supports creation of IFC based Information Delivery Manuals Testing Team Patrick Suermann, P.E., Committee Chair Support the testing of commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) and best practices Business Integration & Legal David Jordani, Committee Chair Focus on Building Lifecycle legal and business documentation Communications Allan Edgar, Committee Chair Supports the distribution of information about the NBIMS activity NIBS 2006 Building Information Model Definition National BIM Standard Definition of BIM buildingSMART A Building Information Model (BIM) is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility. As such it serves as a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle from inception onward. A basic premise of BIM is collaboration by different stakeholders at different phases of the life cycle of a facility to insert, extract, update or modify information in the BIM process to support and reflect the roles of that stakeholder. The BIM is a shared digital representation founded on open standards for interoperability. The National BIM Standard is part of the global buildingSMART Information Delivery Manual Initiative.
NIBS 2006 NBIMS Goals 1. Define expansive scope of BIM Everyone starting from different points of view Breaking down stovepipes Developing awareness and appreciation of life-cycle approach 2. Define first and subsequent versions of the Standard Cant boil the ocean Need to know when and what information will be available Need to identify authoritative sources and ensure accuracy NIBS 2006 Products of NBIMS Version 1.0 Appreciation for the potential scope of BIM Break out of the stovepipes Help reduce some of the industry fragmentation Provides a compendium of tools available to the BIM user Help ensure that one adopts practices that are accepted throughout the industry An absolute critical aspect of communicating information Identifies areas for necessary improvement
Will identify where resources are required in order to take full advantage of BIM Provide a format for developing information exchanges Work will be required to identify the various use cases With a standard format and approach training can be developed and specific projects created to capture the required information Will provide a vision and strategic plan for the National Standard NIBS 2006 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 NBIMS Overall Scope Central Repository of Shared Information Coverage of Version 1.0 Version Scope Planning (Future standards) Content of NBIMS - Version 1.0 NBIMS Version 1.0 1 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3 4
4.1 4.2 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 6 Introduction & Purpose Scope Goal & Approach of NBIMS NBIMS Overall Scope Central Repository of Shared Information Coverage of Version 1.0 Version Scope Planning (Future standards) Contract Language for BIMs Exchange Data Worksheet Information Exchange Standards Information Exchange Database Data Structures Taxonomies Minimum BIM Maturity Model Cycles of Development Testing 7.1 OmniClass Transforming an will anindustry industry will 7.2 Transforming IAI Industry Foundation Classes (IFC's) be fix
but 7.3not CAD notCAD be-aNational aquick quick fixStandard butrequire require dedication dedicationto tolong longterm term goals goals A B FIATECH Roadmap International Centre for Facilities 4.1 4.2 5.1 5.2 5.3 6 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 8 9 APP
A B C D E F Version 1.0 will aastarting Version willbe be starting Information1.0 Exchange Standards point and will Information Database point andExchange willpotentially potentially identify identifyas asmany manyproblems problems Taxonomies as asititwill willsolutions solutions
Minimum BIM Maturity Model Cycles of Development Testing Reference Standards OmniClass IAI Industry Foundation Classes (IFC's) CAD - National CAD Standard Normative Standards Implementtion Standards Appendix FIATECH Roadmap International Centre for Facilities NIST Project Handover Guide Coast Guard Information Model Guidelines GSA BIM Guidelines Const-Ops Bldg Info Exch (COBIE) Project NIBS 2006 Developing the BIM Value-Chain IDM Planning Information Value-Chain Workflow Processes for an Integrated Team IDM Part of the NBIMS IDMs provide inform software companies of the processes to support Architecture Engineering BIM Applications Requestor BIM applications
Incorporating NA Data Standards Including OMNI-Class, Uniformat, International Building Code IFC IFCs are the machine interpretable exchange mechanism supporting IFC interoperable applications Analysis Provider Estimating Construction Facilities Management NIBS 2006 Planned Products For Each Exchange Standard The NBIM Standard is a collection of standards published as human-readable documents containing guidance for users and for application developers: A non-technical description of the standard & its intended use. A diagram illustrating the process the standard addresses. A technical description for application developers to use. Contract language for incorporating the exchange requirement into building process agreements. Results of test-bed activities including participants, results and any issues. Instructions & other change management materials. Statements as to the maturity of the Standard and any plans for additional development. NIBS 2006 Current Business Info Exchange Process
You cant automate what you dont understand Each day information is exchanged by teams, but in different ways and with different content for the same purpose. Based upon a paper-centric process, email, phone, RFIs This isnt a process which can take advantage of BIM and automation. NIBS 2006 Use of IDM to Support BIM Process Requirement & Goal Standardize on information needed for specific tasks within the building lifecycle Development based upon open data standards used by all Provides requirements to software companies In NA uses data standards CSI, OMNICLASS, Uniformat International Bldg Code CIS/2 and other authorities NIBS 2006 Information Exchange Requirement Business Case Development 1 2
3 4 5 WHO (is requesting) Actor Requesting Information to Support a Process or Decision (Authoritative Reference OMNI CLASS Table 33 & 34) WHY (project/process use or benefit) Why is this information important for a project activity (Authoritative Reference OMNI CLASS- Table 32) WHEN (stage in project) (Authoritative Reference OMNI-CLASS-Table 31) Table 31 is tied to Ifc Phases (Project Lifecycle) Table 22 for Construction Phasing WHAT Dataset in BIM that supports the request and benefit) Because BIM use aggregates Information Several Tables Support this activity. Authoritative Reference OMNI-CLASS Tables 14, 21, 23, 41, 49. To WHOM Group/Actor that provides/fullfills the information need OMNI-Class 33. 34 The The information information exchange exchange requirements requirements are are part part of of the the Information
Information Delivery Delivery Manual Manual (IDM) (IDM) NIBS 2006 OmniClasst m Who? Information Exchange Requirement Process Table 14 - Spaces by Form (Room, courtyard, city block) When? Table 31 Phases (Conception, design, occupancy) Why? Table 32 Services (Designing, constructing, inspecting) To Whom? Table 33, 34 Disciplines, Organizational roles (General Construction, cost estimator) Content (What) Table 14 - Spaces by Form Table 21 Elements (walls, HVAC distr., furniture Table 23 Products (conc., paint, partitions. Table 41 Materials (rock, plastic, glass) Table 49 - Properties (color, width, fire resistance) Interoperability
IFC/IFD Mapping for machine to machine exchanges +300 more NIBS 2006 lide information from: International Alliance for Interoperability Products using IFCs NIBS 2006 NBIMS IDM Development Process 1 2 NBIMS Candidate Application Start SMEd SMEd SMEd Assign to Reviewer 5 Public
Review and Concensus 6 IDM KnowledgeBase NBIM Candidates NBIM Standards Web Universities Associations Research & Publishing Candidate Development Manager 3 Resources NBIMS 001 + NBIMS 002 + NBIMS 003 + =
$ $ $ $ $ Development $ = = Proposed Standard Proposed Standard Proposed Standard Proposed Standard Proposed Standard Proposed Standard Testing Manager 4 +
$ $ Resources NBIMS Testbed Testing NIBS 2006 What does an NBIM Standard look like? Information Exchange Requirements Structural Design Architectural Design Structural Analysis Structural Analysis Structural Design Architectural Design Illustration by Chuck Eastman Georgia Tech NIBS 2006 IFC/IFD - One object exists in multiple contexts One concept carries the same unique identification in every language
In a briefing document Properties In product catalogues Properties 78AF4E98C8D4406B873DBB85E1FE7DB In a CAD system Properties BARBi - Norway LexiCon - Nederland Properties NBS - England Properties SDC - France Properties NBIMS North America Properties In a calculation system Properties Properties In classification systems Properties In building specifications Properties In a Facility management system Properties For demolition and reconstruction Properties
Courtesy of Lars Bjrkhaug, Norwegian Building Research Institute NIBS 2006 Integrating Sector Specific Views of BIM Capital Projects Real Estate NIBS 2006 Hierarchical Information Relationships Theatre / World Geospatial GeospatialInformation Information (GIS) (GIS) Country Installation / Region State / Province Natural Asset County Air / Space City Underground Water / Sea Real Property Asset
Land / Parcel Facility / Built Building System Space Sub-Systems IAI-IFC Usage Site Components Level Overlay Room Structure System Space Building Buildinginformation information (Building Information (Building InformationModels) Models) Sub-Systems Components Level Overlay
Room Linear Structure Node Segment NIBS 2006 Hierarchical Building Information Relationships Systems represent the physical Attributes BUILDING Or Structure Metrics IFC objects, relationships, space SYSTEMS Ex. Structural, MEP, Flooring, Ceiling, Exterior, Walls Attributes Attributes Metrics Sub-Systems (part of systems) Components SPACE-Vertical Horizontal, Empty Level (Stories) Room Void
Metrics Metrics Example SUI,CI Attributes Standards Vertical Metrics Assets Personnel Business Groups Financial Classifications Example Space Assignment Business Group Example Marketing Administration Zones Metrics be unbounded (have no or cross physical boundaries) but it will always
be tied to the physical structure or systems in some way Overlays are more abstract data organizational, operational, functional, financial, non-fixed assets, resources, personnel, etc. that is data tied to the Systems and Space (examples from all classifications) OVERLAYS Typically associated with building hierarchy elements. Furniture Equipment Phone Space is physical in nature, but can Reports or Extracted Data from BIM Attributes Example entities of the building. Systems use NA classifications such as OmniClass and Uniformat and are transported/exchanged via IFCs Example Rentable Space Circulation Area Example Secure Areas Systems Area Volume Surface Quantities
Gross Net Usable Sq. Ftg. Linear Ft. Materials & Types Example FCA,MDI NIBS 2006 Capability Maturity Model NIBS 2006 Web Presence for NIBS FIC - NBIMS http://www.facilityinformationcouncil.org/bim/ http://www.facilityinformationcouncil.org/bim/ NIBS 2006 Conclusion Contact Information NIBS: Earle Kennett - [email protected] Chairman: Deke Smith - [email protected] Task Team Chairpersons
Decision-making Systems Overview What managers do? Managerial roles and IS support Decision-making Decision Support in Business Information Requirements of Decision Makers Decision Support in Business Time Dimension Decision Support in Business Structured Decisions Semistructured Unstructed Time horizon Users' view Data...
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