Global Studies II Inner War Europe Asia MAIN

Global Studies II Inner War Europe Asia MAIN

Global Studies II Inner War Europe Asia MAIN LOBBY INNER WAR

ITALY MUSSOLINI GERMANY HITLER USSR STALIN HITLER EXHIBIT MOVIE THEATER

BACK TO MAIN LOBBY Germany- Adolf Hitler http://www.diggerhistory.info/images/flags/flag-german_imperial.jpg

Global II The Weimer Republic Kaiser abdicated before end of WWI Parliamentary system led by a chancellor (prime minister)

Bill of rights, women could vote http://www.zum.de/whkmla/histatlas/germany/weimar.gif Struggles of Weimer Republic Many small political parties

Hated the Versailles Treaty Scapegoats blamed Jews for economic problems http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/his/CoreArt/maps/versailles.jpg Economic Collapse

Fell behind debt payments Went on strike in coal-rich Ruhr Valley Printed huge amounts of paper money led to inflation Adolf Hitler Mein Kampf wrote

in prison for treason Nationalism, racism, and anti-Semitism Superior race Aryan race Jews were greatest enemies IdeasinMeinKampf.jpg

Great Depression- Rise unemployment high of Hitler 7000000 Appealed to lower middle classes

6000000 5000000 4000000 3000000 2000000 1000000 Promised to end reparations, create jobs, and create an

army 1933- elected chancellor 0 1 Series1

1933 Series2 6,014,000 2 3 4

5 6 7 1934 1935

1936 1937 1938 1939 3,773,000

2,974,000 2,520,000 1,853,000 1,052,000 302,000

Falling unemployment rates under Hitler How did Hitler put Germany back to work? Hitlers 3 rd Reich

Bugs Bunny Hitler System of terror, repression, and totalitarian rule SS troops, Gestapo took away opposition

http://snyderstreasures.com/albums/ss/SS_Troops3.sized.jpg Launched public works programs, increased his Hitlers Social Policy Hitler youth Women rewarded for having

many children One single state Protestant Church Burned books that they disapproved of http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/pimpf/dp4-38.jpg BACK TO H OME PAGE

Against the Jews Nuremberg Laws 1935 restrictions on Jews Jews couldnt marry non-Jews Couldnt hold government jobs, teach, or practice law or medicine Kristallnacht night of broken glass

http://cowo.culham.ac.uk/assemblies/oht_lib/magen_david.jpg Nuremberg Laws (1935) Proclaimed during the 1935 Nuremburg Rally Laws severely restricted the freedoms of German Jews the Jim Crow Laws in the American South= a model for segregation Forbade Marriage & Sexual Relations between Germans & Jews

Stripped Citizenship from German-Jews The Rise of Hitler Donald Duck Hitler STALIN EXHIBIT MOVIE THEATER BACK

TO MAIN LOBBY USSR-Stalin http://incolor.inetnebr.com/legato/Art%20Scans/Mods/PAX/*Concept%20Art*/Misc/Flags/ussr.jpg Mr. Eberhart/Mr. Walsh

Lenin Dies 1924- Lenin dies Body is preserved Put on display in Red Square for over 65 years http://www.archontology.org/images/ussr/lenin.jpg

Policies The Allowed capitalistic NEP policies: (Lenin) -Businesses could reopen for private profit, Peasants could sell surplus crops

Effects -Food and industrial output grew -Standard of living grew Five Year Plans

(Stalin) -Steel, mining, factories, railroads expanded -Standard of living remained low, central planning was weak, low

-Building heavy industry, improving transportation, and increasing farm output -Command Economy Policies Under Stalin Industrialization must industrialize in order

to prevent western imperialism and grow economy Quotas were set for each industry. These forced were workers to produce or face severe punishment Rarely could quotas be met. Production figures were often faked

Policies Under Stalin Agriculture Collectives state run or group operated farms Peasants forced to give up their land to the state State set the prices and

controlled all farm supplies Quotas were set to force production Peasants React to Collectives Peasants killed farm animals, destroyed tools, and burned crops

Kulaks wealthy peasants who were killed or sent to labor camps by Stalin 5-8 million in Ukraine died (hunger) aka- Holdomor Stalins First Five Year Plan Quality Quantity

The Great Purge 1936-38 Those who plotted against him Failure to meet production quotas Secret police 4 million were purged during this time

Totalitarian State Totalitarian state one-party dictatorship that regulate all aspects of life Terror, secret police, censorship, purges K.G.B

http://www.amarcord.be/georgia/jpg/stalin001.jpg Atheism official state policy How to Spread Obedience? Propaganda radios, loudspeakers, movies, schools spread evils of

capitalism Newspapers showed all the improvements in the communist nation www.flickr.com Social Benefits Free education,

medical care, day care for children, and inexpensive housing Women gained many rights under Stalin MUSSOLINI EXHIBIT MOVIE THEATER

BACK TO MAIN LOBBY Post WWI World Depression 19191939 Italy- Benito Mussolini

http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/images/c/ch-sg.gif Global II Post WWI Problems = Rise of Mussolini Italy upset with Treaty of Versailles High

Unemployment High taxes, trade declined Failure to obtain Irredenta http://www.bc-enschede.nl/wenglish/grassroots/evildictators/ 3tl2/driessen_vdberg/mussolini.gif Italys

lost Irredenta. Was WWI worth her sacrifices? Fasces the glory of Ancient Rome

Promised to end corruption Good speaker http://home.intekom.com/southafricanhistoryonline/pages/ classroom/pages/projects/grade11/lesson6/graphics/Fasces.jpg Black shirts intimidation and

terror ousted political opponents Black Shirts call to duty: Silence opposition Enforce party/Mussolini

loyalty Intimidate/ terrorize March on Rome 1922 Demanded govt make changes King Victor Emmanuel III

asked Mussolini to become Prime Minister http://www.all-sciencefair-projects.com/science_fair_projects_ encyclopedia/upload/9/9c/Victor_Emmanuel_III_of_Italy.jpg Il Duce The Leader Rigged elections, censored the press, gave Fascists jobs

Dictatorship held by terror Secret police and propaganda helped the regime http://illuminations.berkeley.edu/images/Mussolini-poster.jpg Nationalism Believe! Obey! Fight!

Women were given a medal if they had more than 14 children Young people were a major part of the Italys nationalism http://comandosupremo.com/catalog/2large.jpg

Economic Control Private ownership of property and personal wealth was maintained Corporations obeyed government directives on what to produce Needs of the national economy took precedence

over personal needs Freedom of the Press was abolished Newspaper editors were replaced by fascist loyalists Contrary opinions were punished Fascism? Say What Authoritarian government that is

not communist Extreme nationalism Loyalty to state, not individual http://www.arikah.net/encyclopedia/images/thumb/b/bc/ 180px-Fascist_Italy_flag.png Anti-democratic, desires foreign expansion

Fascism Vs. Communism (differences) Type of government Fascism What they wanted? Nationalist goals

Law and order Honor, respect Strong economy Who was their support? Business leaders, wealthy landowners,

and lower middle class Communism International change Urban and agricultural

workers In Summation: Fascist aka Totalitarian Rule (Italy & Germany) Features of a totalitarian state: 1. Single-party dictatorship 2. State control of economy private ownership 3. Secret police/terror 4. Strict censorship

5. Use of schools and media 6. Unquestionable obedience to leader http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature =endscreen&v=8OetedJuu4k&NR=1 MAIN LOBBY Fascist

Japan MAO CHINA GANDHI INDIA MAO EXHIBIT MOVIE THEATER

BACK TO MAIN LOBBY China www.aerogo.com Global II

Chinese Republic President Sun Yixian Rival armies battled for power and peasants suffered Japan got territories lost by Germans in www.europa-universalis.com China

Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) Replaced Sun in 1925 Wanted to crush warlords Killed the communists on the way to Beijing Started a 22 year civil war

www.flickr.com Mao Zedong Communist appeal to the masses Long March Mao retreated from Kaishek 1934-35 100,000 followers

for over 6,000 miles Another ProblemJapan 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria Kai-shek united with Mao Rape of Nanjing http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/Manchuria.png

GHANDI EXHIBIT MOVIE THEATER BACK TO MAIN LOBBY India Toward Independence

www.globaleye.org.uk Global II World War I 1 Million + served overseas Britain promised greater selfgovernment after

war www.flickr.com Mohandas Gandhi Named Mahatma Great Soul Faced racial segregation in S. Africa (lawyer) Passive resistance

http://zagrebsummit.yoga-in-daily-life.hr/download/Gandhi1.jpg Nonviolence Embrace Hindu traditions Ahisma nonviolence and power of love Civil Disobedience refusal to obey unjust laws Rejected the Caste System www.macalester.edu

Role Model for Masses Dressed in the dhoti Boycotts against British goods (textiles) Spinning wheel (symbol) Fasting Salt March 1930 End British monopoly

on salt Indians could only buy British made salt 240 Mile-march to sea Sent to jail Conflict Between Religions Gained independence in 1947 (interrupted by

WWII) Muslims feared Hindu majority Muslims called for an independent state (Pakistan) World-wide Depression will hurt Japans ability to acquire raw materials and

markets for its industries http:// www.youtube.com/ watch? v=t_aZWY2Pm3g &feature=related Civilian leaders will be suffer under policies of

intimidation, censorship, and assassination http:// www.youtube.com/ watch? v=it3nIEcpClw Military leaders will exert control over the nation

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