Placard A (Globalization & Interdependence) What is Globalization

Placard A (Globalization & Interdependence) What is Globalization

Placard A (Globalization & Interdependence) What is Globalization and Interdependence? -Globalization: the interdependence of world markets and businesses. Different businesses rely on workers, consumers and resources from all different countries. -Interdependence: countries are dependent on one another. -Trade Deficit: You trade less with a certain country than they trade

with you. For example, the U.S. exports 1,000 cars to Japan, but we import 2,000 cars from Japan. -Trade Surplus: You trade more with a certain country than they trade with you. For example, the U.S. exports 20,000 Weber grills to Mexico and we import 5,000 sombreros from Mexico. Placard B (The Magic Bean Shop) Globalization: the interdependence of world

markets and businesses. Different businesses rely on workers, consumers and resources from all difference countries. Placard C (U.S. Exports & Trade balance with China) Trade Balance Information for China and U.S. Do we have a trade surplus or deficit with China?

Month Exports Imports Balance January 2011

8,078.1 31,349.6 -23,271.5 February 2011

8,437.2 27,278.7 -18,841.5 March 2011 9,518.8

27,601.4 -18,082.6 TOTAL 2011 26,034.1 86,229.7

-60,195.6 -Balance of Trade: the difference in value between imports and exports, said to be favorable to a country when exports are greater. -Trade Deficit: You trade less with a certain country than they trade with you. For example, the U.S. exports 1,000 cars to Japan, but

we import 2,000 cars from Japan. -Trade Surplus: You trade more with a certain country than they trade with you. For example, the U.S. exports 20,000 Weber grills to Mexico and we import 5,000 sombreros from Mexico. Placard D (Population growth & resources)

Placard E (Population Growth & Changes) Placard F (The Developing World) -Developed Nations: Industrialized nations; advanced economies. -Developing Nations (Underdeveloped): Average income is much lower than developed nations. -Literacy Rate: the percentage of the people who are able to

Placard G (Distribution of Wealth) Placard H (Slave Labor) Slavery - A Modern Issue Slave labor still exists today There are more people in slavery now than any other Ex: ~Sweatshops use slaves to produce soccer balls in Pakistan time in history. ~In many African countries, children are sold by starving

parents ~In the United States, people are sold as sex slaves or to profit a company Slave labor is viewed as profitable business. It exists as long as there are economic problems and people willing to exploit others for profit. Some families even sell their children because they cant afford

another mouth to feed. Types of Modern Slavery Consequences Bonded Labor: one is forced to work with low or no wages to pay off a debt Child Slavery: children ages 18

and under are forced to work Marital and Sexual Slavery: forcing sexual practices on someone who is unwilling Human Trafficking: the illegal trade of human beings

Injustice Racism Higher suicide rates Psychological trauma Moral degradation 12-27 million people are caught

for slavery worldwide 17,500 are in the United States 3 out of 4 are women Half are children Placard I (Slavery and Human Trafficking) J. Child Labor see word doc J. Child Labor see word doc

Placard K (Child Labor) NEPAL: Nepal has a handmade rug industry named good weave. When it was established about one million kids were kidnapped and put to work (GoodWeave.com, 2009). KENYA: Kenya is known for kids unloading and loading goods on

and off of automobiles. The children also fetch firewood and water, and mowing or slashing grass on a compound (Mary Mutua, 1997). PERU: In Peru children are involved in mining and quarrying, they work to collect and sort waste materials, and they also work at wholesale markets (Anna

Ensing, 2007) INDIA: In India kids as young as ten are working in textile industries. The working conditions are very harsh and almost slave like (Dan McDougall, 2007) THEN

NOW Facts: Work thats harmful to a childs physical and mental condition is child labor. (Good weave, 2012) One of the things that is considered child labor is selling things in the street or being in someones house as a domestic servant. (Good weave, 2012) An estimated 12% of children in India through ages 5-14 are in child labor activities. (Good weave, 2012)

Some children have to weave up to 18 hours a day. (Good weave, 2012) It can take 760 billion dollars and a 20 year period to end child labor. (Good weave, 2012) Causes: Causes of youth (child) labor violations include businesses and corporations looking for cheap workers, lack of government laws that are

preventing the corporations from hiring young workers. Poverty is another driving cause of youth labor violations because people need money to support their families. Finally the lack of parents education is another leading cause for youth labor violations. (UNICEF, 2012)

Placard L (Global Poverty) M. Drug Cartels word doc M. Drug Cartels word doc Placard N (Nuclear Proliferation) Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, technology, and information to

nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Proliferation has been opposed by many nations with and without nuclear weapons, the governments of which fear that more countries with nuclear weapons may increase the possibility of nuclear warfare, de-stabilize international or regional relations, or infringe upon the national sovereignty of states. Placard O (Nuclear Weapons) Placard P (Terrorism) Its our top priority Safety

Working closely with a range of partners, we use our growing suite of investigative and intelligence capabilities to neutralize terrorist cells and operatives here in the U.S., to help dismantle extremist networks worldwide, and to cut off financing and other forms of support provided by terrorist sympathizers. ~The FBI website on terrorism Wanted by the FBI Most Wanted Terrorists On January 19, 2006, a federal grand jury in Eugene, Oregon, indicted Joseph Mahmoud

Dibee on multiple charges related to his alleged role in a domestic terrorism cell. Ramadan Abdullah Mohammad Shallah is wanted for conspiracy to conduct the affairs of the designated international terrorist organization known as the "Palestinian Islamic Jihad" (PIJ) through a pattern of racketeering activities such as bombings, murders, extortions, and money laundering.

Al-Zawahiri Al-Nasser Abdullah Ali Atwa Shallah Hapilon Al-Badawi Awda

San Diego Al-Liby Izz-Al-Din Elbaneh Seeking Terrorism Information Al-Rimi El-Maati Haqqani

Domestic Terror Fugitives Boussora Jdey Terrorism is a criminal act that influences an audience beyond the immediate victim. The strategy of terrorists is to commit acts of violence that draws the attention of the local populace, the government, and the world to their cause. The terrorists plan their attack to obtain the greatest publicity, choosing targets that symbolize what they oppose. The effectiveness of the terrorist act lies not in the act itself, but in the publics or governments

reaction to the act. For example, in 1972 at the Munich Olympics, the Black September Organization killed 11 Israelis. The Israelis were the immediate victims. But the true target was the estimated 1 billion people watching the televised event. The Black September Organization used the high visibility of the Munich Olympics to publicize its views on the plight of the Palestinian refugees. There are three perspectives of terrorism: the terrorists, the victims, and the general publics. The phrase one mans terrorist is another mans freedom fighter is a view terrorists themselves would gladly accept. Terrorists do not see themselves as evil. They believe they are legitimate combatants, fighting for what they believe in, by whatever means possible to attain their goals. A victim of a terrorist act sees the terrorist as a

criminal with no regard for human life. The general publics view though can be the most unstable. The terrorists take great pains to foster a Robin Hood image in hope of swaying the general publics point of view toward their cause. (www.terrorism-research.com) "Terrorism is the unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives. (The FBI definition) Placard Q (Human Rights Violations) Current News Articles on Global Human Rights Kerry, in Africa, Presses Nigeria on Human Rights

A visit to Africa by Secretary of State John Kerry comes as amid several developments on the continent, but Syria was still on his agenda. Ukraine: Gay Pride Rally Banned A Ukrainian court on Thursday banned what would have been Ukraines first gay pride demonstration. State Dept. Report Says Countries Have Repressed Religious Fre edom With Laws In an annual report, the State Department singled out nations that abused laws on blasphemy and apostasy to harass political

opponents. Jorge Rafael Videla, Jailed Argentine Military Leader, Dies at 87 General Videla was serving a life sentence for abuses in a campaign of political killings and forced disappearances during Argentinas so-called Dirty War. Rights Group Says It Finds Proof of Torture in Syria Human Rights Watch said Friday that visits to two Syrian security centers contained proof of widespread, arbitrary detentions and torture by the government of President Bashar al-Assad. Sunday Dialogue: How Goods Are Produced

Unsafe factory conditions overseas: who is culpable? Former Leader of Guatemala Is Guilty of Genocide Against May an Group The judge who sentenced former dictator Gen. Efran Ros Montt to 80 years in prison said the court was convinced of the intent to destroy the Ixil ethnic group. Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly

in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. Excerpts from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Article 2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex,

language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. Article 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Article 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. Article 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Article 15.

(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality. (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality. Article 25. (1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection. Placard R (Womens Rights)

Womens rights around the world is an important indicator to understand global well-being. Yet, despite many successes in empowering women, numerous issues still exist in all areas of life, ranging from the cultural, political to the economic. For example, women often work more than men, yet are paid less; gender discrimination affects girls and women throughout their lifetime; and women and girls are often are the ones that suffer the most poverty.

(www.globalissues.org) Thirty years after the adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), many girls and women still do not have equal opportunities to realize rights recognized by law. In many countries, women are not entitled to own property or inherit land. Social exclusion, honor killings, female genital mutilation, trafficking, restricted mobility and early marriage among others, deny the right to health to women and girls and increase illness and death throughout the life-course. We will not see sustainable progress unless we fix failures in health systems and society so that girls and women enjoy equal access to health information and services, education, employment and political positions. ~ Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General, World Health Organization

Successes Poor women gaining greater access to savings and credit mechanisms worldwide, due to microcredit loans. A dwindling number of countries that do not allow women to vote including Bhutan (one vote per house), Lebanon (partial), Brunei (no-one can vote), Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (expected in 2010), and the Vatican City. Women gaining more positions in parliament throughout Africa. In many cases African countries have more women in parliament than some western ones.

A protocol to protect womens rights in Africa that came into effect in 2005 (though many nations still need to sign up). An almost universal ratification of the womens rights treaty, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) Placard S (Womens Rights) The Faces of Womens Rights

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, 1800s America Gloria Steinem, 1980s America Somali woman, 2010 Nairobi

Placard T (Environmental Changes) Globalization is a process that links people around the world as a result of shared activities and interests. Fueled by technology and expanding communication network, globalization creates cultural, social, environmental and economic connections among countries. The environment contains a variety of shared resources, such as the atmosphere, land, oceans, and rivers that are affected by the decisions and actions of people in many countries. Responsibility for these resources also must be shared, with countries working together to develop ways to protect and sustain the environment. Animals and plants benefit in many ways from global interactions. Endangered wildlife programs support and preserve threatened species Developing nations benefit from information about more effective crop-growing techniques

Alternative energy is shared among nations, reducing the need for fossil fuels. B T U Increased global interaction also

threatens animals and plants: invasive species harm nonnative ecosystems, illegal animal trafficking puts species at risk, and increased agricultural use of land to meet global food demands results in deforestation and loss of animal habitats.

u. Aids in Africa word doc u. Aids in Africa word doc Placard V (Global AIDS/HIV epidemic) AIDS: acquired immune (or immuno) deficiency syndrome:

a condition, caused by a virus, in which certain white blood cells are destroyed, resulting in loss of the body's ability to protect itself against disease. AIDS is transmitted by sexual intercourse, through

infected blood and blood products, and through the placenta. Facts about AIDS/HIV: Countries involved: Africa is the continent that has been hit hardest by AIDS. However, the whole world and every single country is effected by

with this epidemic. Causes: There are many ways of contracting AIDS and here are some of the most common ways of contacting: Infected mother to her baby before birth. Using a needle with infected blood ( mainly used for drugs)

Having any contact with infected blood or body fluids. Poverty, lack of access to prevention healthcare Myths about how disease is spread Unwillingness to discuss the issues of

sex, health, and prevention W. IFRC word doc x. NAFTA Y. NATO z. OPEC

z. OPEC aa. UNICEF BB. WHO CC. Multinational corporations DD. mcdonaldization

DD. mcdonaldization

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