INTERREG III B CADSES project partfinanced by the European Union MONTENEGRIN SISTEM OF SPATIAL PLANNING The hierarchy of plans is set by the Law Spatial Plan of the Republic, Spatial Plans of Special purposes, Spatial Plans of Municipalities, General Urban Plans, Detail urban plans regulating plans)
- The whole territory of Montenegro is covered by plans The location permits are issued in accordance with plans of regulating character For all permanent changes in space it is mandatory to obtain Building permit LACK OF PLANS FOR AQUATORIUM
Current plans do not regulate use of the aqatorium or are not very precise The problem is still not analyzed and studied The sea is used in accordance with tradition by inertia The public maritime domain (the coast and the sea) is public domain for public use and is area of special purpose and of primary importance
PURPOSES and ACTIVITIES AT SEA CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS The sea and the coast are generators and receptors of activities from immediate and wider hinterland Most of the Boka Kotorska coast belongs to urban zones PURPOSES and ACTIVITIES AT SEA
CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS There are several industrial capacities and warehouses along the Boka Kotorska coast PURPOSES and ACTIVITIES AT SEA CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS There are 3 ports, several docks and large number of small individual docks (traditional small ports called mandrai and ponte)
PURPOSES and ACTIVITIES AT SEA CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS There is a constant need for enlargement of existing and for development of new bathing areas (artificial beaches) New hotels and tourist resorts will be added to the existing through transformation of military location into tourist PURPOSES and ACTIVITIES AT SEA
CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS About 12 shellfish and fish farms (mariculture) already exist in Boka Underwater, on the islands and along the coast of Boka Kotorska, there are a large number of archaeological locations and cultural and historic monuments as well as specially protected natural areas PURPOSES and ACTIVITIES AT SEA CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS
Kotor and Risan bay (the inner part of Boka Kotorska Bay) is protected as UNESCO's World Cultural and Natural Heritage There are several locations with mineral mud (peloids) that is used in health resort in Igalo, as well as several quarries and locations where clay was exploited PURPOSES and ACTIVITIES AT SEA CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS
There are numerous permanent torrents flowing into the Boka bay with large number periodic carstic springs and underwater springs At sea the coastal maritime transport is taking place There are about 180 direct individual wastewater outlets in the sea registered along the Boka Kotorska bay CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS
The problem of super concentration at the coast is more and more visible. This problem causes overbuilding and saturation of activities At the coast and in the aquatorium, there are industrial activities that generate pollution The tourist attraction of the area requires the reduction of the polluting activities CONFLICTS AND PROBLEMS Seasonal summer salt water intrusion in fresh water spring along the coast limit the
possibility for solving the fresh water supply demand Very narrow land strip along the coast in relation to the demands and needs of the users results in the pressure on naturally sensitive locations and valuable cultural and historic monuments The ambition for privatization of coastline endangers the public character of the area that is for public use. THE GOALS OF THE PROJECT "SEA USE PLAN OF BOKA KOTORSKA BAY"
To eliminate or reduced influence of the different activities on the costal an marine environment To define natural and cultural protected areas on the sea To develop the sustainable tourism potentials ( beach surface, recreational area) To upgrade the costal infrastructure for costal marine transport, nautical tourism and marine recreational areas Capacity building, public awareness, and stakeholder involvement in the area of Integrated costal zone management and sea-use planning in Montenegro THE ROLE AND PLACE OF THIS PROJECT IN THE SISTEM OF SPATIAL PLANNING
Sea Use plan for Boka Kotorska bay will be further development of Special plan special This plan is the Pilot project for Montenegro The plan will be use to define the methods and the principals for making Sea use plans for other location The plan will be verified by all municipalities in Boka Kotorska bay and Montenegrin governament The plan will be a bases for development programs of local and national governamental bodies. PROJECT CORE TEAM
P.E for coastal zone management, coordinator Municipality of Kotor Municipality of Tivat Municipality of Herceg Novi Ministry for economic development Ministry of tourism and environment Ministry of maritime affairs and transport Ministry of water management, agriculture and forestry STAKE HOLDERS
Regional institute for cultural hertiage protection University of Montenegro, Marine biology Institute , Kotor Institute for Nature protection Regional Center for underwater Republic hidrometeorolgic Military institute
Local Regional Port of Kotor Adriatic shipyard Bijela Turistic centers Kotor, Tivat, Herceg Novi
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