Diabetes And The Holidays: Practical Tips To Help Managing Your Diabetes And Keep Healthy! Grazia Aleppo, MD, FACE, FACP Associate Professor of Medicine Its the most wonderful time of the year.
BUT, holidays can be also be the most stressful! 'Tis the season for shopping, decorating, parties, and cooking. Tempting treats are everywhere Exercise plans are put on the back burner... For anyone, these are the ingredients
for diet disaster For some, another problem is added to the mix: Diabetes Diabetes Is a disease that results in high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood Diabetes type 1, usually in children, almost total lack of insulin production
Diabetes type 2, usually in adults, both insulin resistance and decreased levels of insulin Holidays= especially tricky time of year to manage health with diabetes Even though you can take a holiday, diabetes never does!
With some careful planning and smart choices, anyone can have holidays that are both happy and healthy! Planning Ahead Look at your schedules! Are you going out of town with your family?
Having visitors stay with you? Do your plans usually include a lot of parties and food-oriented events? Are your holidays more active? Tips To Get A Good Start Just like everything else with diabetes, you have to take a few extra steps Put yourself at the top of your list
Be aware of challenging environments Make a Healthy Eating Contract Focus on friends and family instead of food The holidays are a time to slow down and catch up with your loved ones Monitor your blood glucose level and don't skip meals
Be positive. YOU control your diabetes; it doesn't control you Exercise Stay active, follow a regular exercise routine to help regulate metabolism Try 10- or 15- minute brisk walks at intervals throughout the day; they all add up
Start a game of pick-up football or play other games in the yard Go for a walk with your loved ones after eating a holiday dinner Offer to help clean up after a meal instead of sitting in front of leftover food or the TV!
This will help you avoid snacking and get you moving around Few More Tips On Exercise Walk Park your car at the far end of the lot Power walk while shopping the mall
Take a twilight stroll around your neighborhood to admire the holiday lights Try a seasonal activity Snow shoe Ski Build a snowman Planning A Meal with Diabetes
During The Holidays Menus Do you have traditional dishes that you make every year? You may need to fine-tune the menu a bit because of diabetes, but not totally There are some ways for making your traditional holiday foods a bit healthier
Revising Recipes Steam the green beans instead of sauting them in butter Lower the amount of fat, sugar, and carbohydrate in your favorite foods while keeping taste and texture Replace sugar (up to half)in dessert recipes with a sugar substitute Increase the use of cinnamon, nutmeg, vanilla, and
other sweet-tasting spices and flavorings Example Of Holiday Meal Are You Hosting A Dinner? Make sure the menu includes fruits, vegetables and lean meats Baking, broiling and barbequing are good methods for cooking meats such as turkey
Avoid frying or adding extra fat during cooking Avoid sampling the foods while cooking more than necessary Calories may add up with just tasting
Clear the table and put unused food away to help guests avoid grazing Family Members With Diabetes Ask your guest with Extra treats and late meals that can alter blood diabetes if he/she sugar levels of your loved must eat within a certain window of time
ones with Diabetes If so, plan on serving food at that time, and let the rest of the celebration fall around the meal Find out if there are foods that must be avoided. Add
alternate choice without removing a favorite dish from the menu Offer your guest a private spot to test blood sugar or to inject insulin Find out what your guest uses to treat a low blood sugar (juice or fruit), stock some, just in case Stick to the planned timetable. If your meal is later than anticipated, tell your guest, so insulin
adjustments can be made or provide a snack to keep blood sugar steady You Are Invited To A Holiday Meal Eat breakfast or snacks earlier in the day Saving carbs for the big feast later on does not work! Do not skip meals, blood sugar mar be more unstable Eat before you eat. If you arrive hungry, you will
be more likely to overeat! Eat a small meal or snack before you leave home Bring what you like. Don't worry about what will be served Consider a vegetable-based dish that contains little or no carbohydrate Study ALL of the food options, and think (!)
what you are going to have before you put anything on your plate Decide which foods are worth eating and which can be ignored If the meal is at your usual meal time, try to eat the same amount of carbohydrate you normally would for a meal Limit the number of servings of starchy foods
on your plate, choose one item or take a few spoonfuls or bites of each Choose vegetables first. Broccoli, baby carrots, cauliflower and tomatoes are good choices. Go easy on the dip or skip it! Avoid vegetables in creams, gravies and butter If you taste something that you dont enjoy,
leave it on your platedont finish it! Eat chips and crackers in moderation Take small portions of holiday treats, eat slowly, and savor the taste and texture Focus On The Fun, Not The Feast Eat slowly, and enjoy the foods that you may only have once a year Make sure your portions are reasonable and resist
going back for second helpings! Focus on socializing instead of eating, enjoying the entertainment than worrying about whats on your plate After your meal, take a walk with family and friends Alcohol And Diabetes:
How To Accomplish Healthy Drinking What Do I Drink With My Meal? Sip a large glass of water or mineral water, it keeps you hydrated and is a better option than alcohol Stick to calorie-free drinks such as water, tea, seltzer,
or diet sodas instead of punch or mixed drinks Drink in moderation! If you drink alcohol, eat something beforehand to prevent low blood glucose levels later Holiday drinks can add a significant amount of calories to your holiday intake What Is Allowed: Women should drink no more than one
alcoholic beverage a day and men should drink no more than two A DRINK IS:
12 fluid ounces (fl oz) of beer 5 fl oz of wine 1 fl oz of 80-proof distilled spirits 1 fl oz of 100-proof distilled spirits Fitting in Sweets Dessert, one of the most tempting part of the holidays Decide ahead of time what/how much you
will eat and how you will handle social pressure ("No thank you, I'm too full.") Most sweets have a lot of carbohydrate in a small portion, so keep portion sizes small Substitute small portions of these sweets for other carbohydrate already in your meal plan Share one portion of dessert with someone
else, and scrape off whipped-cream topping or extra frosting Volunteer to bring your favorite dessert to social functions. Some ideas are plain cookies, baked apples, or sugar-free puddings Oops, I ate too
much. Dont beat yourself up! Make a plan to get back on track Stop eating for the night, focus on the people around you The next day, exercise, monitor your BG, and get back on track with your usual eating habits! Holiday
Stress and Diabetes The holidays can be a very busy and stressful time of year With stress, blood glucose may increase Try to simplify this holiday season Avoid taking on extra duties or extra cooking for holiday events
Focus on spending time with people! (think less about food and gifts) How To Beat Stress During The Holidays Plan your gift-giving list and shop before Thanksgiving to beat the crowds Save time! Shop online or from catalogs Don't always cook from scratch
Say no! You don't have to accept every holiday invitation Find some quiet time for yourself every day Listen to favorite carols, have some hot tea or just sit and watch the snowfall Stay organized and do things ahead of time Plan diabetes-friendly meals in advance Make a plan so you know how to deal with
the pressure of indulging in holiday food. Exercise! It helps stress AND blood glucose Traveling With Diabetes During The Holidays
Tips for Travelers Diabetes travels with you! Get your diabetes scripts refilled before you go Get an influenza vaccination before traveling Take enough medicines and supplies for the entire trip; better yet, take extras! Always wear medical identification, i.e. a bracelet
Monitor blood sugars regularly Remember your basic rules of foot care: Don't wear new shoes on vacation since you may get blisters Never go barefoot Check your feet daily and take care of any cuts or blisters immediately Air Travel
Carry all medicines and equipment with you on the plane! Tell the flight attendant or someone you travel with that you have diabetes Drink plenty of non-alcoholic, caffeine-free beverages throughout the flight Because of increased security at airports, get a Diabetes travel letter from your doctor Bring the original containers, as they usually have a label and pharmacy instructions
Get up and move around every one to two hours to increase comfort and reduce risk for blood clots Smart Checklist For The Diabetic Traveler Prescription medicines (insulin, pills)
for diabetes and other medical conditions Med- alert bracelet or Diabetes identification
Fast acting sugar such as glucose tablets/gel or candy Complex carbohydrates (crackers, granola bar, trail mix) in case meals are delayed
Keep time zone changes in mind For insulin pump users: pump supplies, extra batteries, insulin and
syringes in case of pump failure If you're flying and do not want to walk through the metal detector with your insulin pump, tell a security officer that you are wearing an insulin pump and ask them to visually inspect the
pump and do a full-body pat-down Pack twice amount of supplies in case of travel delays in carry-on Keep your insulin cool with insulated bag with refrigerated gel packs
Bring two blood glucose monitoring devices with extra batteries Pack syringes, lancets, and test
strips Health insurance card and emergency phone numbers, including your doctor's name and phone number
Glucagon emergency kit in case of References http://diabeticgourmet.com/recipes/Holidays_and_Speci al_Occasions/Christmas/Desserts / http://www.diabeteseducator.org/export/sites/aade/_
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