Patricia Grace Patricia Grace was born in Wellington

Patricia Grace Patricia Grace was born in Wellington

Patricia Grace Patricia Grace was born in Wellington in 1937. Patricia Grace is the first Maori women to publish a collection of short stories, Waiariki (1975). Since then she has published three other collections , four childrens books and several novels. Today she is regarded as one of New Zealands finest writers. At Teachers College, she began to seek out books by New Zealand authors, including Frank Sargeson, Janet Frame and Amelia Batistich: when I first read some of her stories it came home to me [that] writing was a question of voice and truth, and of a writer finding his/her own way of telling. She began writing at about 25 while teaching in North Auckland, being published in Te Ao Hou and the NZ Listener, and continued to write while teaching, raising her family of seven children and moving to Plimmerton, near Wellington, where she still lives. What do you think this critical commentary is actually saying about Graces writing? Her work, expressive of Mori consciousness and values, is distinguished also

for the variety of Mori people and ways of life it portrays and for its resourceful versatility of style and narrative and descriptive technique. Source: NZ Book Council Grace on writing and finding a voice Yes, all through my schooling I had never read a book by a New Zealand writer. When I went to teachers college I read the works of Frank Sargeson and for the first time I realised what writing was. I realised that it started from your own personal experience background and surroundings, whereas before, during my school experience, writing had been the opposite to that. So I read the works of Frank Sargeson and started hearing the New Zealand voice for the first time in literature. And then I read the work of Amelia

Batistich I realised that she had a different New Zealand voice. It reinforced the idea that writers had their own voices. It occurred to me when I read those works that I had a voice as well, and I thought that I would like to try that out. Grace on characterisation I need to explore characters and bend them, find ways for them to be seen in the way I want them seen. I want to make them understood and known. The things they do and say might

seem exaggerated sometimes, but through that they become real. Brainstorming Maori perspective + attitude to land. Difference between Maori + Pakeha relationships to land. What does colonisation mean? Why do Maori spiritual beliefs favour burial over cremation? Mix and Match Vocabulary Homework

Re-read the story Analyse opening paragraph i) Narrative perspective ii) Setting iii) Techniques iv) Characterisation v) Tone/Mood /Atmosphere Why is it called, Journey ? Tasks for closer reading What is the purpose of the old mans journey? To what extent did the officials listen to the old man? Find a quote that supports your point of view and suggest what tone the remarks are made in. And anyway Sir theres no advantage do you think in you people all living in the same area. Why do the authorities think there isnt any benefit to the

family living close together? Why does the old man want to be cremated instead of buried? How do the opening two paragraphs and the closing passage from They were quiet wondering if he would say anything else, reflect the Uncles changing mood? Why do you think the story concludes with Uncle looking at the palm of his hands? Grace employs a motif of blindness / sight throughout the story, why do you think? Yes he knows all about those things, hes not deaf and blind yet, not only by a long shot. theyve got the name of the canoes spelt wrong, his old eyes arent as blind as that. His eyes are still good enough to look all over the paper and see his land there,

and to see that his land has been shaded in and Off Street Parking printed on it. Why do you think Grace gave the a in admiration a capital letter in this phrase; ..and roadways threading up and round the hills to layer on layer of houses, even in the highest and steepest places. He was filled with admiration. Filled with Admirationbut yes he was filled right to the top-it made him tired taking it all in.? Write at least two sentences on how the old man views the land and the way the Pakeha have developed it? Do embed a short quote into each sentence. Funny people these pakehas, had to chop up everything. Couldnt talk to a hill or a tree these people, couldnt give the trees or the hills a name and make them special and leave them. Couldnt go round, only through. Couldnt give life, only death. Then the rainll come and the cuts will bleed for miles and the valleys will

drown in blood, but the pakeha will find a way of mopping it all up no trouble. Could find a few bones amongst that lot too. Thats what you get when you dig up the ground, bones. Funny people putting their trains across the sea. And up there past the cenotaph, thats where theyd bulldozed all the bones and put in the new motorway. Resited, he still remembered the newspaper word, all in together. Your leg bone, my arm bone, someone elses bunch of teeth and fingers, someone elses head, funny peopleAnd theyd put all the headstones in a heap somewhere promising to set them all up again tastefully Use the quotes below / overleaf, or others from the text and your knowledge of the old mans character to write at least two sentences on what kind of person he is. Do include an embedded quote in each sentence.

Out early today old man. Itll be a sorry worm , young fulla, a sorry worm. the seas turning over rough and heavy Tamatiea thats why but whod believe you these days. Theyd rather stare at their weather on television and talk about a this and a that coming over because theres nothing else to believe in. It doesnt matter about me because Im on the way out, but before I go I want it all done. Wanted to swing a heavy punch but hes too old for it. He kicked the desk instead. Hard. 1. Describe the relationship between the Uncle and his nephew George. The door would slowly open and the eyes would come round and he would say I ran away Uncle.. Today if he had time he would look out for George. Theres no sense, no sense in anything, but what use telling that to George when George already knew

sitting beside him wordless. What use telling George you go empty handed and leave nothing behind, when George had always wanted been empty handed, had never wanted anything except to have nothing. 2. What is preventing the old man from subdividing the land and getting, nothing more than what is ours already.? You would all receive equivalent sites Resited As I say on equivalent land.. Theres no sense in it dont you see? Thats their stamping ground and when youve got your ties theres no equal land.

Sir. Kept calling him Sir, and the way he said it didnt sound so well, but it was difficult to be sure at first. After a while you knew, you couldnt help knowing. There are also lots of feet and leg images in the short story forming a motif, why do you think Grace has included them? The narrative shifts perspective in Journey. At times the old man seems to watch himself in action, to observe himself objectively before returning to a subjective expression of his feelings and knowledge. (a) Identify the objective and subjective parts in the passage below: He better go to the lavatory because he didnt trust town lavatories, people spewed there and wrote rude words. Last time he got something stuck on his shoe. Funny people those town people.

(b) How does the shifting narrative affect your view of the old man? What is your opinion on how Grace has structured the story: consider the physical journey, opening and ending taxi rides, and the readers journey. In pairs act out the conversation the old man has with the authorities. You will need to cut out the interspersed train station observations, and work out the two speaking roles. Summative Tasks You are the elderly man write your thoughts as you sit on the edge of your bed for a long time looking at the palms of your hands. Construct an essay response to: Discuss the narrators character in Journey by Patricia Grace, to what extent do you sympathise with his attitude to the land?

or How does Grace make you feel about the elderly narrator in Journey? Essay due today Discuss the narrators character in Journey by Patricia Grace, to what extent do you sympathise with his attitude to the land? or How does Grace make you feel about the elderly narrator in Journey? Essay topics How the passage of time important

The significance of the clash of two worlds How the conflict between the traditional and the modern is significant The importance of the relationship between young and old generations How man and nature come into conflict with one another Essay topic sentences Traditional/ Passage of time Clash of 2 Young/Old modern worlds Our time is

limited and The reason for As society develops we never the journey, morals and know how Pakeha see values change quickly it will the land as causing run out. financial fragmentatio rather than

Events flow in n. spiritual. the Journey the problem Obstruction of inequality and conflict is between continuous. cultures and generations Man/ Nature

Open Boat = Oiler did most of the work and died nature will eventually be the conqueror of man. SUMMARY Patricia Graces first novel, Mutuwhenua, was significant in being the first novel published by a woman Maori writer, and she has become an important figure in Maori writing in English in New Zealand. Journey shows

her interest in the Maoris traditional claims on land. The rather dislocated narrative, with limited punctuation and no speech markings, creates the effect of creating the old mans perspective, although the narrative is written in the third person. This old mans perspective, with its old Maori wisdom, is shown to be out of balance with these young people, the cars and railways, the new housing and the growth of the city. His journey into the city makes him feel more and more alienated, and this is accentuated when the narrative is interspersed with the interview dialogue. The official and the old man cannot make each other understand. There is no comprehension on either side of the others view of how land should be used, and the story ends with frustration, violence and disillusion. In this story, Grace suggests that traditional Maori governance of land has no place in modern government and planning. EXTENSION

Wider reading Mutuwhenua (novel) or The Dream Sleepers and Other Stories (short stories) by Patricia Grace Playing Waterloo by Peter Hawes The Bone People by Keri Hulme Compare with The People Before by Maurice Shadbolt To Da-duh, In Memoriam by Paule Marshall Online Biographical and other information about Patricia Grace is available at: http://www.artsfoundation.org.nz/patricia.html

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