Services Chapter 12 Types and Origins of Services Types of services Consumer services (retail and personal services) Business services (producer and transportation) Public services (government employees) Changes in number of employees Growth in services and declines in primary/secondary
Origin of services- no one know precise origination Services in rural settlements Clustered rural settlements (Houses, schools, churches) Dispersed rural settlements (Spread out cities) Rural Settlement Patterns Fig. 12-4: Circular settlement patterns are common in Germany. Linear long lot patterns are often found along rivers in France, and were transferred to Qubec. Distribution of Consumer Services
Central place theory- market place Market area of a service Nodal regions Hexagon best fits an area Size of market area Range is the distance people are willing to travel for a service Modified to minutes instead of miles Threshold Number of customers needed to make a profit Census helps determine this data Distribution of Consumer Services
Market area analysis Profitability of a location Optimal location within a market Range + Threshold= profitability Best location is one that minimizes distance to the largest number of consumers Hierarchy of services and settlements Nesting of services and settlements
Market, hamlet, township center, county seat, district city, small state capital, and regional capital city Rank-size distribution of settlements Rank of cities based on a citys population Supermarket and Convenience Store Market Areas Fig. 12-8: Market area, range, and threshold for Kroger supermarkets (left) and UDF convenience stores in Dayton, Ohio. Supermarkets have much larger areas and ranges than convenience stores. Business Services and Settlements
World cities Ancient world cities- Ur, Athens, Rome Medieval world cities- Feudalism, large walled cities Modern world cities- Center of services world wide Hierarchy of business services World cities-London, New York and Tokyo
Command and control centers- Atlanta, Boston, Seattle Centers of financial, law and advertising Headquarters, medical centers Specialized producer-service centers- Detroit, Albany Highly skilled services Paris Fig. 12-13: Paris was originally surrounded by walls which were expanded to include new neighborhoods as the city grew.
Clustering of Services Central business district (CBD) Retail services in the CBD High land costs in the CBD Tokyo 1,000,000,000 per acre of land Activities excluded from the CBD
Recent years has transitioned to offices instead of retail Manufacturing, residential neighborhoods Suburbanization of businesses Suburbanization of retailing Planned suburban shopping malls Suburbanization of factories and offices Cheap land and labor, close to residential neighborhoods
Bus Permits. New York City. Bus . Inspections at Weigh Stations. Charter . Bus Rules. Operators state that this issue of transit competition is a top priority, yet very few remain registered with the FTA website. Florida . and Tennessee...
DTI, DR, Adult Residential, Crisis Residential by day seven (7) ... Tobacco, ETOH, Caffeine, CAM, Rx, OTC & Illicit Drugs. Assess for Substance Use Disorders (SUD): Document past and current use in record. ... all day 6 days per week....
Other recognised studies . Students can choose from a range of learning options and need a total of 20 credits. Learning options include QCAA subjects and courses, vocational education and training, and other recognised studies, such as university subjects studied...
Third Party Liability and Insurance IssueRome Convention. Rome Convention. Includes regulations with respect to damages to third parties caused by foreign aircrafts. Failed to attract widespread support from the Member States due to unsatisfactory levels of compensation
When the terms of a sequence are added, the resulting expression is a series. A series can be infinite or finite. Finite series: Infinite series: The sum of the first terms of the sequence is called the kth partial sum...
Low-level Shader Optimization for Next-Gen and DX11Emil PerssonHead of Research, ... As a general rule-of-thumb, writing in MAD-form is still the way to go; however, there are cases on GCN where it may not be beneficial, or even add a...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!