Security and Personnel

Security and Personnel

Security and Personnel Chapter 11 Positioning & Staffing Security Function Location of IS function within organization function IT function as a peer or other IT functions (help desk) Physical security Administrative services function peer to HR Insurance and risk management function Legal department Balance between access and security Staffing IS Function Demand

More openings than qualified candidates Needs of organization for better hiring practices Knowledge of skills and qualification needed Knowledge of budgetary needs of IS function and associated positions Appropriate level of influence and prestige necessary to perform function

What Security Personnel Should Know How an organization operates at all levels. That IS security is usually a mgmt problem & seldom exclusively technical problem How to work with people The role of policy in guiding security functions

Most IT technologies (not as expert but as generalist) Terminology of IT and IS How to protect an orgs assets from security attacks How business solutions can be applied to solve problems Strong communications and writing skills Entry in the IS Professional IT technical people Networking experts

Programmers Database administrators System Administrators Non technical Ex-law enforcement Military personnel Classification of positions Definers Provide policies, guidelines and standards Do consulting and risk assessment Develop the product and technical architectures Senior people with broad knowledge (not depth( Builders Techies Create and install security solutions Administrators Operate and administer the security tools

Monitor Day-to-day work Chief Information Security Officer Manages overall info security program Drafts or approves info security policies Works with CIO with strategic plans Develops tactical plans Works with security mgmt on operational plans

Budgeting Sets priorities for purchase & implementation on security projects Security personnel hiring and firing Spokesperson for the info security team Security Manager Develop and manage info security programs & control systems Monitor performance of info security & control system for alignment w/policy Prepare & communicate risk assessment Represent management in change management process Incident response Disaster recovery Supervision IT Security Compliance Manager Develop & manage IT security

compliance pgm Develop security standards in line with industry standards Identify IT related business risk Manage and conduct IT security compliance reviews Conduct investigation Security Technician Technically qualified Able to configure IDS, firewalls etc Able to implement security measures Entry level Generally must have experience Tend to be specialized in one technical area Certifications Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) Must possess 3 full-time security professional work Considered most prestigious

Covers 10 domains Access control Application security Business continuity and disaster recovery planning Cryptography Information security and risk management Legal, regulations, compliance and investigations Operations security Physical security Security architecture and design Telecommunications and network security Certifications Systems Security Certified Practitioner Recognizes mastery of an international standard and body of knowledge Oriented toward the security administrator Focuses on practices, roles and responsibilities 7 domains Access controls Cryptography

Malicious code and activity Monitoring and analysis Networks and communications Risks, response and recovery Security operations and administration Certificates Associate of (ISC)2 Geared toward those wanting to take CISSP or SSCP Lack requisite experience

Test required Certification and Accreditation Professional (CAP) Minimum of 2 years experience in 1+ of areas of common body of knowledge domains Pass the CAP exam Agree to Code of Ethics Provide background and criminal history Certifications

Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) Pass exam Areas IS auditing process IT governance Systems and Infrastructure lifecycle IT service delivery and support Protection of information assets Business and disaster recovery Certifications Certified Information Systems Manager (CISM)

Information Security governance Information risk management Information security program development Information security program management Incident management and response Certifications

Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) Security Certified Professional (SCP) Security+ Certified Information Forensic Investigator Various company certifications Advice for IS Professionals

Business before technology When evaluating a problem Look at source of problem first Determine factors impacting problem Check organizational policy for direction

Use technology to deploy necessary controls Your job is to protect the orgs information assets Be heard and not seen Know more than you say and be more skillful than you let on Speak to users not at them

Your education is never complete Personnel Precautions Background investigations Conducted for all employees prior to hiring Scope varies with position Extremely sensitive positions conduct periodically Require written permission as terms of employment

Personnel Precautions Monitoring of employee activity Internet usage Surveillance cameras in sensitive areas Recording telephone conversations Mandatory vacations

Exit procedures for employees leaving company

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