Section 3-Democracy and Greece's Golden Age

Section 3-Democracy and Greece's Golden Age

Section 3-Democracy and Greeces Golden Age Pericles Plan for Athens The Golden Age of AthensA 50 year period (477 to 431 B.C.) where Athens experienced both intellectual and artistic growth.

Pericles Plan for Athens Pericles lead Athens for 32 years He was described as honest, fair, an inspiring speaker, a skillful politician and a respected general.

461 to 429 called the Age of Pericles Pericles Plan for Athens Pericles' Three Goals for Athens Strengthen Athens Democracy Hold and strengthen the empire Glorify Athens Direct Democracy-A form of

government in which citizens ruled directly and not through representatives. Pericles Plan for Athens Stronger Democracy Political office became a paid position Now any one rich or poor could serve if

elected or chosen Direct Democracy became one of Pericles lasting legacies Pericles Plan for Athens Glorifying Athens Pericles used treasury funds to beautify

Athens More money was spent on the artists than the actual materials Glorious Art and Architecture The Parthenon 23,000 sq. ft. building created to honor

Athena (Goddess of Wisdom) Contained a 30 foot tall statue of Athena Glorious Art and Architecture Greek Sculptures Designed to show the idealized human body in motion

Both graceful and strong Classical Art Values harmony, order, balance and proportion Drama and History The Greeks invented

drama Source of civic pride and tribute to the gods Wealthy citizens funded the plays Actors used colorful masks and costumes Plays were about

leadership, justice, and duty towards the gods Drama and History Two Types of Greek Drama Tragedy-A form of drama containing common themes such as love, hate, war and betrayal.

Often featured a tragic hero Someone with an extraordinary ability but a tragic flaw Drama and History Comedy-A form of drama that

contained scenes filled with slapstick situations and crude humor Made fun of politics and respected people or ideas

Drama and History Historical Records 400 year period with no written history known as the Dorian age Herodotus book on the Persian war is considered the 1st

historical work Athens and Sparta go to War Athens wealth and prestige were the envy of other cities Athens and Sparta quickly became enemies and began to

build up their armies Sparta declared war in 431 B.C. Athens and Sparta go to War The Peloponnesian War Athens had a stronger navy Spartans had a stronger army They swept in and burned Athens food supply

430 B.C. a plague killed 1/3 of all Athenians 421 B.C. Both sides had became worn down and called a truce Athens and Sparta go to War Spartans Gain Victory The truce was short lived 415 B.C. 20,000 Athenian

soldiers attacked the citystate of Syracuse The Spartans attacked the Athenians and they fought for 9 more years 404 B.C. Athens surrendered losing their empire, wealth and prestige

Philosophers Search for Truth Philosophers-Lovers of Wisdom based their philosophy on two principals The universe (land, sky, and sea) is put together in an orderly way, thus subject to absolute and unchanging laws People can understand these laws

through logic and reason Philosophers Search for Truth Socrates (470-399 B.C.) Encouraged his students to examine their beliefs Believed absolute standards did exist for truth and justice Sentenced to death for

corrupting the youth Instead he died by drinking hemlock, a slow acting poison Philosophers Search for Truth Plato (427-347 B.C) Studied under Socrates Wrote The Republic in the 370s B.C.

This focused on his vision of a perfectly governed society. Felt people fell into three groups Farmers and artisans Warriors The Ruling class Philosopher king was the one with the greatest intellect

Philosophers Search for Truth Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) Platos pupil Questioned the nature of the world, human belief, knowledge and thought Created guidelines for arguing according to rules and logic

His work is the framework for the scientific method Alexander the Great served as his student for 3 years Chapter 5-Review Terms Chapter 5-Review Terms

Chapter 5-Review Terms Chapter 5-Review Terms

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