Section 3 - Basic Concepts of Democracy

Section 3 - Basic Concepts of Democracy

Section 3 Basic Concepts of Democracy Guiding Question What are the basic concepts of democracy? Student Objectives: Understand the foundations of democracy. Analyze the connections between democracy and the free enterprise system. Majority rule, minority rights Compromi se Individual worth

Democra cy Equality Individual freedom Democracy Majority Rule, Minority Rights Individual Freedom Compromise Individual Worth Equality Reflecting Ideal Public space

used for the common good 1st Amendment Rights When Congress works Jobs training programs for unemployed Access for disabled Falling Short Segregation Patriot Act When Congress doesnt work Homeless living on the street Wage disparity

between men and women Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship Duties Serving on a jury Responsibilities Voting Serving as a witness when called Volunteering Attending school Participating in civic life

Paying taxes Registering for the draft Obeying the laws Respecting the rights of others Understanding the workings of our government Break into small groups and discuss: Should citizens be required by law to vote? Should voting eligibility be restricted? List some benefits and drawbacks to this idea. Chose someone to share your groups thoughts on the idea. Democracy and the Free Enterprise System (aka Capitalism) Private ownership of capital goods

investments made by private decision, not government directive Success or failure determined by competition in the marketplace Four fundamental factors Private ownership Individual initiative Profit Competition Chapter 1 Review Democracy / Dictatorship * Free Enterprise Legislative Power * Autocracy Executive Power * Oligarchy Judicial Power

Federal Government * Divine Right Theory * Evolutionary Theory Confederate Government * Force Theory Unitary Government * Social Contract Theory Presidential Government * Citizen Parliamentary Government * Politics Chapter 1 Review Continued

Concepts of Democracy: Majority Rule/Minority Rights, Individual Worth, Equality, Individual Freedom, Compromise Purposes of Government: Form a more perfect union Establish justice Ensure domestic tranquility Provide for the common defense Promote the general welfare Secure the blessings of liberty Be able to discuss the importance of compromise in government. Be able to discuss the connection between democracy and the free enterprise system. Answer the Essential Question: Is government necessary? Why?

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