Rome - Intro

Rome - Intro

Rome - Intro CHW3M Ms. Gluskin York Mills CI A Practical and Monumental Civilization Public toilets at Ostia, 40 BCE Affordable Housing Institute: US. The Economics of Water: Part 5 Roman Municipal Finance. 2012. http://affordablehousinginstitute.org/blogs/us/2008/04/the-econo

mics-of-water-part-5-roman-municipal-finance.html (March 29, 2012). Arena in Pompeii Nappo Salvatore Ciro, A Pompeii: Its discovery and preservation, BBC History, 2011, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/pompeii_rediscovery_01.shtml (Oct. 26, 2015). Familiar To Many People Colosseum, amphitheatre in Rome

Keith Hopkins, The Colosseum: Emblem of Rome, BBC History, 2011, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/colosseum_01.shtml (April 1, 2013). Aqueduct in Segovia, Spain PBS, Building Big, Tunnel Basics, Ancient Roman Aqueduct, 2001, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/tunnel/aqueduct.html (April 1, 2013). Timeline of Republic 700s BCE Etruscan civilization 753 BCE Founding of Rome

Monarchy (some of the kings were Etruscan and had a bad reputation) 509 BCE Roman Republic begins Republic = form of government with no monarchy Timeline of Empire Republic = Res publica (public affair) 44 BCE: Rome at the end of the Republic

Romulus and Remus, legendary founders of Rome About.com. Legendary Rome Timeline. 2012. http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/romehistory/tp/Legendar y-Rome-Timeline.htm Metropolitan Museum. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. The Roman Republic. 2000. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/romr/hd_romr.htm (March 29, 2012). Theme #1: Growth & Expansion Expansion began from

the city of Rome (red dot) circa 500 BCE and extended to the purple, pink and yellow areas by the end of the republic (44 BCE)

W.W. Norton Publishing, Ralph's World Civilizations Chapter 9, 1997, Geographic Features That Affected Romes Development Physical map of Europe Free Maps of the World. Physical Map of Europe. N.d., http://www.freeworldmaps.net/europe/index.html (April 2, 2012). Orientation Toward the Sea

Trade, navy Therefore: Eventually Rome was able to dominate the Mediterranean. No Internal Physical Barriers There were mountains but they didnt divide like in Greece

Therefore: There was more unified than Greece after the Romans (a tribe) began expanding and conquering other territories. Agriculture Very fertile soil (due to volcanic ash) But population growth meant that there still wasnt enough land Need

to import grain from Sicily and Egypt Therefore: Romans needed to conquer more territory in order to expand (military) Carthage a potential enemy The Alps These

mountains separated Rome from the rest of Europe Po River was seen as a border dividing civilized Rome from northern barbarians Therefore: Rome felt protected by these mountains, possibly superior There were invasions, however Alps

Hannibal crossing the Alps Alps Archaeology Photoblog. Hannibal In the Alps. Stanford Alpine Archaeology Project: 1994-2006. http://traumwerk.stanford.edu/archaeolog/2006/04/hannibal_in_the_alps_stanford_1.html (March 29, 2012). Theme #2: Romanization Romanization = spread of Roman values and culture Roman bath in Bath, England.

In Pompeii Romanization was achieved by the Romans settling veterans and their families there. Bath and Northeast Somerset Council, The Roman Baths, Bath, N.d. http://www.romanbaths.co.uk/ (March 30, 2013). Theme #3: Importance of Citizenship Privileges of citizenship see pages 176177 in textbook Ruins of the

Pompeii Forum, where citizens came to meet John J. Dobbins, The Forum at Pompeii, 2006, http://pompeii.virginia.edu/forummap.html (Oct. 26, 2015) Privileges of Roman Citizenship Protected in law from random power of magistrates Child of father citizen is citizen (if) Less taxes, no tribute payment Slave freed by citizen is citizen (if)

Theme #4: Struggle of the Orders Patricians vs. Plebeians The Twelve Tables (law code from the 400s BCE) Table XI.1. Marriages should not take place between plebeians and patricians. [Later struck down.] Oliver J. Thatcher, ed., The Library of Original Sources (Milwaukee: University Research Extension Co., 1901), Vol. III: The Roman World, pp. 9-11. In Paul Halsall, Ancient History Sourcebook: The Roman Republic: The Twelve

Tables http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/12tables.html (June 1998), August 10, 2002 Theme #5: Complicated Form of Government in Republic Elements of monarchy but they hate kings {rex=king} [2 Consuls and other magistrates] Elements

of aristocracy but not 100% pure power for patricians [Senate] Elements of democracy but not direct democracy like in Athens [committees and tribunes] Balanced Government? 2 Consuls +

other magistrates Committees Councils, Tribunes Magistrates (govt officials) Magistrates want to climb the Cursus Honorum Census and censorship

Army Justice, relations between Romans and non-Romans Roads, water, etc. Censors Consuls Praetors Aediles Quaestors Financial matters

Why is dictator not on the cursus honorum? Theme #6: Roman State Religion The concrete dome of the Pantheon, a temple originally built to honour all of the Roman gods. Later it was turned into a Christian Church. Emperor Augustus dressed as a Roman priest

Ritualistic, polytheistic religion People wanted the gods approval Priests (pontiffs) Sacrifices Taking of auspices (reading the liver of birds to predict the future) Watching the direction birds flew McGill Architecture, Pantheon Rome, 2005, http://www.arch.mcgill.ca/prof/sijpkes/abc-structures-2005/Lectures-2005/term-work/50-questions/sixth-five.html (March 30, 2013);

Nigel Pollard, BBC History: Roman Religion Gallery, 2011, Household Gods A family shrine to the lares (household gods and spirits) found in a Pompeii house C.N. Trueman, Ancient Rome and Religion, History Learning Site, March 16, 2015, http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/ancient-rome/ancient-rome-and-religion/ (Oct. 26, 2015) Cross-cultural Religion Egyptian Horus in Roman military clothing

Reconstruction of Aque Sulis bath in Bath, England, where Roman Britons worshipped not only Roman goddess Minerva but also Celtic god Sulis - therefore Sulis-Minerva. British Museum, Highlights: Egyptian god horus sculpture, N.d., http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/aes/l/egyptian_god_horus_sculpture.aspx (Oct. 30, 2015); Nigel Pollard, BBC History: Roman Religion Gallery Religion in the Roman Provinces, 2011, Gods from Elsewhere Mystery Cults Persian god Mithras,

emissary of light, popular in the first two centuries CE with soldiers and low government officials The Romans, Religion: Under the Empire, N.d., http://www.the-romans.co.uk/cults.htm (Oct. 30, 2015); Nigel Pollard, BBC History: Roman Religion Gallery, 2011, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/roman_religion_gallery_07.shtml (Oct. 30, 2015); Wikipedia, Isis, Oct. 29, 2015, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isis (Oct. 30, 2015). Homework Day 1: Take notes on 172-176: Importance

of Gauls, Sicily and southern Spain Carthaginians, Hannibal Scipio Africanus Addition of eastern territory Coloniae Via Appia Homework Takeup: 172-176 Name two societies that at one point

defeated the Romans. Name two societies the Romans defeated. What was the importance of coloniae to the Romans? How did roads help Romanize the Italian peninsula? Social Customs Roman Social Customs Beliefs:

Superstitious Greeks and Etruscans, added their own Auspices, military, elections, gods Astrology, zodiac Pontifex Maximus, calendar Animal sacrifices Family Life and Morality Family Life and Morality:

Family Paterfamilias, slaves Potestas Property Adoption Love Recognized household, wife, children, Education Education

Together Latin Home, in public 16, Forum No education Girls

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Intro to Fahrenheit 451

    Intro to Fahrenheit 451

    It uses the conventions of sci-fi to convey a message that "oppressive government, left unchecked, can do irreparable damage to society by limiting the creativity and freedom of it's people". What is Social Criticism?
  • Instructor Materials Chapter X: Chapter Title

    Instructor Materials Chapter X: Chapter Title

    LCP is the PPP protocol used to establish, configure, test, and terminate the data link connection. LCP can optionally authenticate a peer using PAP or CHAP. A family of NCPs are used by the PPP protocol to simultaneously support multiple...
  • A Practical Guide to Java - University of Melbourne

    A Practical Guide to Java - University of Melbourne

    Internet Technology Evolution Internet is much bigger than what we think More than 25 years old More than doubling every year Technology effect suddenly every body sees the need for a technology like the radio or the TV 10 terabytes...
  • Presentación de PowerPoint - WordPress.com

    Presentación de PowerPoint - WordPress.com

    Dependera de las manifestaciones clinicas muchos de los cuales tienen hernia directa, asintomaticos y no requieren tratamiento. Si hay sintomas por insuficiencia del esfinter el tratamiento sera semejante a esofagitis por reflujo: Comidas frecuentes y de poca cantidad con alimentos...
  • Creation Myths - Mrs. Hayes' Class

    Creation Myths - Mrs. Hayes' Class

    Creation Myths Motifs ... as by explaining aspects of the natural world or describing the psychology, customs, or ideals of society CREATION MYTH A sacred narrative (story) explaining how the world and humankind came to be in their present form...
  • Assessment Policy and Procedures

    Assessment Policy and Procedures

    ASSESSMENT POLICY AND PROCEDURES ... Aristotle The HSC provides options for the future - university is one option Employers value the HSC testamur - nationwide The HSC is about independent, organised, self disciplined learning, which is an excellent foundation for...
  • Mit is kutatok mostanában?

    Mit is kutatok mostanában?

    Outline the possible patch contours in the computer. Developing GIS data base (ESRI ArcView 3.2) Identification and correction in the field. (vegetation category, main species and their cover, total vegetation cover) Data processing by raster analysis (One pixel is 1x1...
  • Concepts and Techniques  Chapter 11  Applications and Trends

    Concepts and Techniques Chapter 11 Applications and Trends

    Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques — Chapter 11 — — Applications and Trends in Data Mining— Additional Theme: Visual Data Mining Jiawei Han and Micheline Kamber