Restorative Practices

Restorative Practices

TRI - CONFERENCE Building Community Through Classroom Circles: Working with Students not for or Against Them SY LVI A MONT ER O KA RL A V EGA S A N J OS , COS TA R I CA OCTOBE R

2 01 7 AGENDA Greeting WHY? What are Restorative Practices? Why Circles? Circle Time Our Experience. Check Out

Resources Greeting /Check In Why? What are Restorative Practices? Root: Restorative Justice/1970: mediation between victims and offenders Ted Wachtel IIRP:I arose from two Pennsylvania social service agencies/comprehensive framework to apply

this paradigm to other contexts RP is an emerging field of study that enables people to restore and build community in an increasingly disconnected world. Fosters a sense of social responsibility and shared accountability. At schools: build community and respond to challenging behaviors Umbrella: different programs and approaches /from informal restorative dialogue to formal restorative conferencing. Reduce crime, violence,

bullying Address and discuss the needs of the school community Provide effective leadership Restore

relationships, repair harm The use of R. P. helps to: Give ownership to students, hold them

accountable Build empathy, self esteem, cooperation Build healthy relationships between educators and

students The Fundamental Premise is: People are happier, more cooperative and productive, and more likely to make positive changes when those in positions of authority do things with them, rather than to them or for them.

Why Circles? A circle is a flexible restorative practice that can be used proactively, to develop relationships and build community or reactively, to respond to wrongdoing, conflicts and problems. The circle process allows people to tell their stories and offer their own perspectives.

Facilitation Ownership Why Circles? Equality Safety and trust

Connections Responsibility Circles are used for: Relationship Development Community Building Information Exchange Healing

Conflict resolution Support Circle Guidelines Respect the talking piece Speak from the heart Listen from the heart Anyone can Pass No Put Downs Use I statements

Sequence of Events in a Circle Arrive Starting the Opening the circle: state circle (5-10

purpose min) Teach/remember agreements Doing the Check in round/Connection work in the

CircleCore (15-activity Closure question 30 min) Close the circle Ending Debrief with circle (5-10 min) colleagues

Prompting Questions Check-in or Connection questions Restorative or Challenging questions Closure questions Questions for Getting Acquainted Share a happy childhood memory. If you could be a superhero, which superpower would you choose and why?

How would your best friend describe you? What would you NOT want to change about your life? Why? If you could talk to someone from your family who is no longer alive, who it would be? What would you want to talk about? If you had an unexpected free day and could anything you wished, what would you do? Questions for Getting Acquainted If you were an animal, what type would you be and why? What is a memory you have to time spent in nature?

Who do you respect, and why? What change would you like to see in your community? What can you do to promote that change? What was a time when you were outside your comfort zone? What did you do, and what were the results? What is it like for you when someone is angry at you? What Learner Profile describes you? Why? (..I would also choose for you. ) Questions for Getting Acquainted

Who is a hero of yours--from real life or the movies, and why do you choose this person? What does it mean to be popular? Focus the Circle with HighQuality Prompting Questions High quality prompts are questions that give the circle its energy and focus. The circle keeper asks a question and invites everyone on the circle to respond (including the circle keeper). Some questions are proactive and are about building and maintaining community.

Restorative Questions: challenging behavior Restorative Questions What did you think when you realized what had

happened? What impact has this incident had on you and others? What has been the

hardest thing for you? What do you think needs to happen to make things right? Closure Questions or Prompts

Say 1 word to describe how you felt in the circle. Say 2 words about your experience in the circle today From 1 to 5, being 5 = Very comfortable, show with your fingers how you felt With your thumbs : thumbs up/thumbs down /thumbs horizontal How was your experience in todays circle? Circle Time Circle Time

CONFLICT RESOLUTION Our experience: Brainstorm: WHY we want to bring RP to our school? WHAT is our intent, outcome and impact in the school community. INTENT : create a stronger sense of community and belonging in a proactive fun way by including circle time in the classroom daily OUTCOME: happier kids, bond with teachers and classmates, better problem solvers IMPACT: less discipline referrals, increase sense of community, teachers more involved, easier to

go to step two: manage conflict Our experience Attend Training Session Prepare and Implement Action Plan

Restorative Practices presentation to Leadership team and counselors Workshop for other counselors Prepare the implementation: teachers, students and parents Model in the classroom Teachers showcase Assign a specific time in the schedule

Discipline cases Get parents on board: Fun and Reflection Activity What have we seen? Students and Teachers: using the vocabulary asking for Restorative Circles Teachers: feeling grateful they have another tool to deal

with classroom conflicts taking advantage of these alternatives Students: taking time to bond with students saying they feel safe, comfortable and happy when doing circles becoming aware of the consequences of their actions

Administration: voicing their feelings and needs having less discipline cases sent to the office (show data) supporting each other holding themselves accountable

noticing a community that works together Road blocks/Future Challenges What do you .. in Restorative Practices? SEE

HEAR FEEL Resources Restorative Solutions: http://restorativesolutions.us/videos-on-restorative-practices-in-schools Restorative Justice in U.S. Schools: A Research Review: https:// jprc.wested.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/RJ_Literature-Review-updated-Dec-2016.pdf OCDE: Student Mental Health Matters: Restorative Practices http ://www.ocde.us/HealthyMinds/Pages/Restorative_Practices.aspx

Videos Beyond Zero Tolerance: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGbpeB8MSVM Restorative Practice - Carr Manor Primary School: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSr1T36PoeM IIRP : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k_SRsFPTMFY Restorative Practices to Resolve Conflict/Build Relationships: Katy Hutchison at TEDxWestVancouverED : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcLuVeHlrSs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTr4v0eYigM Using Dialogue Circles to Support Classroom Management at: http://restorativesolutions.us/videos-on-restorative-practices-in-schools (Restorative Solutions)

E-mails [email protected] [email protected]

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