跨越"数字鸿沟" 构建和谐社会 ——清华大学教育扶贫项目案例研究

跨越"数字鸿沟" 构建和谐社会 ——清华大学教育扶贫项目案例研究

ICTs Serving Educational Needs in Rural Areas: China's Experience Tsinghua University Prof. Feiyu KANG (Vice Provost) June 20th, 2006 OUTLINE Part 1

Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Background Introduction Technical Support Implementation Scaling up Plan Part 1 : Background Introduction

Tsinghua Univ ersity Faculty (Mar. 2005) Full professors 1,005 Associate Professors 1,042 Research Fellows 1,380

Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering 34 26 Student Number (September 2005) Total full-time student number

26,572 Undergraduate 13,025 Postgraduate 13,447 (Ph.D. candidate 4,997) Mast er Undergraduat e Doct oral

140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0

1981 1983 1986 1988 1990 1993 1995

2000 China population (10 thousand) Poverty-stricken population (10 thousand) Mission of Tsinghua University University possesses a service function to the society and community; University supports national plan for western development, pays attention to minority

groups, and establishes harmonious society; University students and teachers could learn and contribute from and to the nation. Consideration to the Alleviate Poverty Digital Gap increases poverty gap between w est and east, urban and rural areas in China Education Alleviate Poverty Project (EAPP): Dispreading Knowledge and Reducing Poverty through ICT food clothes funds enterprise high qu ality human resources

Using ICT we can delivery high quality educati on resource to the people most requiring it. Analysis Requirement China still has 12 provinces in the west area which are lagging behind in economic development

592 counties, which are most poor places Economic development is quite unbalanced in China Lacking of high quality education resources

In demand : Teachers and students in primary, middle and high schools Local government officials Villages and town enterprises Medical and public health organizations Farmers

What is needed the most? Education Management Technology for agriculture and animal husbandry Vocational skills Our Proposal Scale From 2003 to 2005, establish 100 distance learning center s (DLCs) at 100 counties

From 2006 to 2010, set up DL Cs in 500 counties Resource Within 5 years create and trans fer more than 10,000 learni ng hours teaching materials for those people and areas Organizing face to face t utorial Appoint experts to teach in

centers Invite local people to the de veloped areas and Beijing f or short course training Establishing an enriched learning countryside Learning enrichment Information enrichment Part 2 : Technical Support

Teaching course video Frequency broadcast, Data courseware Broadcast transfers Satellite real time alternation No 2 Asian Satellite Tsinghua Main Courseware service Center

Distance Learning Center (DLC) Satellite Receiver System system Software Database Satellite

Broadcast System DLC Online Management System Multi-spot and channel live alternation system Network

Server Cluster Satellite Receiver System Live Broadcast Classroom Internet Working Scheme of Tsinghua University, Distance Education Platform Tsinghua University Education Alleviate Poverty Project setting up

satellite receiver at Guangxi Debao County Learning Center Data Management System at a Distance Learning Center Tsinghua University Education Alleviate Poverty Project DLC in Zhijin County, Guizhou Province Tsinghua University Education Alleviate Poverty Project DLC in Zhijin County, Guizhou Province Beijing excellence middle school teachers tutorial for rural school students passing university entrance exam 3+X (Sichuan Pingchang DLC is watching English tutorial )

TV Sets Using at Distance Learning Centers All of staff from DLCs must attend the training course in Tsinghua Tsinghua University holds center master training course for DLCs annually, Prof. Kang awards the completion certificate Budget for a DLC Local government: Tsinghua University:

1 local classroom Multi-media equipment (TV set or OHP) 2 full-time staff Local part-time tutors 20-40 computes Internet fee Connecting to local schools Satellite transformation sy stem: one way: receiver

dual way: Polycom system Data management system: Data Transformation: Teaching management plat form Teaching resource develo pment Face to face tutorial The Fund and Support University: manpower (teaching and management), platform, data transformation

system, education resource, Donation: equipment, money for purchasing equipment and developing education resource, courseware, Volunteer: teachers, tutors, investigators, Government: policy, fund, Part 3: Implementation Distributing map of Tsinghua University Distance Learning Centers for Educational Alleviate Poverty Project

100 DLCs Have Been Established 2003, established 16 learning centers 2004, established 33 learning centers 2005, established 51 learning centers 100 DLCs Established in 26 provinces Province Quantity Guizhou

Yunnan Sichuan Chongqing Gansu Guangxi Shanxi Province Jiangxi Inner-Mongolia Qinghai Quantity

Anhui Henan Hainan Province Xinzhang Quantity Jilin Hubei

Guangxi Province Quantity shanxi Hebei Jiangsu Shandong Liaoning Herongjiang Fujian Hunan

Ningxia More than 150,000 trainees Since Sep. 2003, Tsinghua University prepared and delivered mass eLearning resources to 100 DLCs for teachers, students, officials and farmers learning, which consist of 200 courses (around 2,000 learning hrs). More than 150,000 people involved the training activities. September 2003 March 2005 training items and people 1766

409 7008 247 13676 461 828 1782

526 407 2410 3122 Leadership and enterprise management English teachers training in primary,

middle and high school Capacity Building of government officials Teachers training in primary, middle and high school 6491 3424

Establish harmonious society and county area economic development Judicial training 3x3xxeconomic and management Education University entry exam 3+X tutorial 3x World Bank Institute video conference

Graduate level core courses University entrance exam tutorial DLCs may use the Tsinghua teaching ma terials for more training activities Online Seminars and Training Local Government Officials Training Courses Special topics for county area economic development

Capability building of local government officials Core courses at postgraduate level: educational management, MBA and MPA, Legal. Sustainable development of small towns and countryside Capability building for alleviate poverty Government experience from Hong Kong Special Region Team management and leadership improvement Transportation and logistic management Regular Workshops Crisis Management Forum

More than 400 cadres attended one year distance training program in Di-Qing Tibet Autonomous Zhou, Yunnan Province Opening ceremony of Di-Qing Zhou government officials training School Teachers and Students

Education system officers management training; School management; Teachers teaching and learning methodology; Teachers applying ICT to teaching; University entrance examination tutorials (3+X); Children education and students parents training . Rural English Teachers Training 500 middle school teachers participated in 2005

In 2005, 25 volunteers came fro m Hong Kong, Australia, USA, and China during Chinese New Year and took part in 8 days of t eachers training for middle and high school English teachers. 110 teachers took part in F2F tr aining at Tsinghua University a nd Ningxia teaching center 400 teachers took part in online

distance learning training cours es School of Continuing Education, Tsinghua University Hong Kong Living Knowledge Communities Rural English Teachers Training Teachers ICT Training Courses ICT application to teaching at schools Teaching reformation and IT resources integration Computer fundamental for teachers

Beijing excellence Middle School teachers tutorial for rural school students passing university entrance exam 3+X (Sichuan Pingchang DLC is watching English tutorial ) Tutorial for rural school students passing university entrance exam 3+X (Yunnan Dali DLC ) Face to Face Training Many volunteers go to DLCs for tutorial English tutorial in Huade County, Inner Mongolia Inviting students from poor families

to participate IT training One year program Around 100 trainees every year Compute skills, internet, software, Students summer-help activities

Hundreds students and young teachers From 2 weeks to one month Tutorial Teaching: compute, English Investigation on the effectiveness Exchange learning experience Sports and entertainments

Tutorials for Compute and English 50 county mayors were invited to Hong Kong for one week public management training Farmers Professional Training Technology for agriculture and animal husbandry Vocational skills: cooking, automobile repairing, electrical repairing and beauty skill Literacy

Young farmers from Xianggelila County, Yunnan Province were learning car repairing skills In Beijing (2005 Students are taking face caring classes The poor adolescent girls were learning to use computer They were learning typing, painting, an d watching VCD, so me people could use

office tools such as doc and ppt. Literacy Class: 12 girls were learning to write Chinese. Schools Got Benefits Teachers improved their teaching capability: using ICT for teaching; improving English; learning pedagogy and psychology; School management: effectiveness and leadership; More students entered universities and colleges.

Farmers Got Information from ICT They are offering and purchasing their agriculture products by Internet; They are believing that both learning and information can help them to develop economy. International Cooperation World Bank Institute - Video Conference (Speaker from Washington D.C.)

International Conference on the Information Age Spreading Knowledge and Elimination Poverty (supported by UNESCAP) Teachers ICT Training Joint Project bet ween Tsinghua and Tech. de Monterrey Sino-American University Students will Work Together in the Summer Service Learning Sch olarship Program in China (July 23 - August 21, 2006)

http://www.sa.sasu.edu/i sc/ChinaProject/informa tion.htm 68 American students an d 450 Chinese students i n 2006 summer Service Learning Scholarship Program in China

(July 23 - August 21, 2006) The "Poverty Alleviation through Education Project" is designed for American and Chinese university students who will live and work together while launching a new service-learning program that will deliver educational resources to the poorest regions of China. The program will provide American and Chinese students an opportunity to learn about each other's cultures while working with

e-learning community centers to mitigate rural poverty. Part 4: Scaling up Program Our Experience Partnership: the government can play an impor tant role in EAPP; Capacity building: DLCs must be sustainable; Technologies adapted to poverty-stricken areas should be balanced with learning resources; Scaling up this project must combine the rural

economic development; Appropriate F2F tutorship is needed. Innovations Alleviate poverty model in China: delivery knowledge by using ICT and higher education involve; University students and teachers have been educated in this project; To develop the rural area economy by improving the local human recourse. Future Development

Developing non-government poverty alleviation channels in China Developing eLearning technology which is suitable for undeveloped areas Using ICT to promote establishing a learning and enriching countryside Establishing a viable learning system Establishing mechanisms to attract outside education resources Register Courseware

Courseware Database Quality Control Learning Planning Independent learning

Classroom On-line On-line group discussion Imitative experiment Diploma Virtual library

Teaching Line Assignment Teaching Courseware E-mail BBS Chat Teaching Monitoring

Test The Digital TV Technology Resource Center Users County RC

1 Satellite 2 Storage and Broadcast

n Farmer School - Digital TV

Tech Village The Digital TV Technology Music Movie Search website to inquire about

information Order Distance education, Program Receiving fromBroadcast IPTV program Digital TV Courseware , sanitation

knowledge, Internet law Download TV shopping, Internet hospital Online games Mutual video frequency Short messenger Interactive

Digital TV Database Users PC terminal laptop mobile Mobile with TV Vehicle

with TV TV terminal Using ICT to establish three levels learning centers in counties and villages Level 1: Establish county learning resource cen ters (satellite, Internet, and so on Level 2: Establish village and town learning cen ters (support internet at middle schools in villa ges and towns ) Level 3: Establish rural level multimedia displa y spots (establish at primary schools and home

s) Poverty Alleviation Resource Center Tsinghua University County Learning Resource Center Town Learning Center Village multimedia playing spot

Town Learning Center Family Village multimedia playing spot Scheme of three levels learning platform among county, town and village National Resource Center, SCE, Tsinghua

County Learning and Resource Center Town Learning Center 2 Town Learning Center 1 Village multimedia playing spot 1 Farmers Family

Village multimedia playing spot 2 Future Plan By 2010, the distance learning centers will be established in the other 500 national povertystricken counties; Online class will cover 1,000 high schools and 10,000 schools in 600 counties; This will benefit 20 million population in povertystricken area. Around 1,000 university students from SinoAmerican will involve this project every year. Conclusions

The economy in China is developing very fast creating a growing gap between the rich and the poor. Tsinghua University believes that this is a global issue, as well as a national one. The university has decided to t ry to become a model in developing some ways for pove rty alleviation. In the past in China, it would have been difficult for a u niversity to undertake such a challenge, but now ICT is a big help. Using ICT, our professors can deliver via sat ellite or Internet a very high quality educational resourc e to the rural people. From our three-year pilot project, we have learned that this is an effective model to upgrade rural education.

Acknowledgements Xiaoping Foundation Wongs Foundation Hong Kong CIEN Foundation Shanghai Jianhua Satellite Communication Company

Hong Kong Esther Beauty Academy World Bank Institute Hong Kong University - SPACE Hong Kong Living Knowledge Communities Beijing Changping Vocational College Beijing One helps One Teachers Society

ICT and e-Learning will Decrease the Digital Gap between Urban and Rural Areas, Eastern and Western in China. Thank you for your attention!

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