Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychoanalytic Therapy Sigmund Freud The Psychoanalytic Perspective Unconscious according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings

and memories contemporary viewpoint- information processing of which we are unaware Personality Structure Id contains a reservoir of unconscious

psychic energy strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification Personality Structure Superego the part of personality that presents

internalized ideals provides standards for judgement (the conscience) and for future aspirations Personality Structure Ego the largely conscious, executive part of

personality mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality operates on the reality principle, satisfying the ids desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain Personality Structure Ego Conscious mind Unconscious mind Superego

Id Freuds idea of the minds structure Personality Development Psychosexual Stages

the childhood stages of development during which the ids pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones Oedipus Complex a boys sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father Personality Development Freuds Psychosexual Stages Stage

Focus Oral (0-18 months) Pleasure centers on the mouth-sucking, biting, chewing Anal (18-36 months) Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with

incestuous sexual feelings Phallic (3-6 years) Latency (6 to puberty) Dormant sexual feelings Genital (puberty on) Maturation of sexual interests Personality Development

Identification the process by which children incorporate their parents values into their developing superegos Fixation a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking

energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, where conflicts were unresolved Defense Mechanisms Defense Mechanisms the egos protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality Repression

the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness Defense Mechanisms Regression defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual

stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated Defense Mechanisms Reaction Formation defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites people may express feelings that are the

opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings Defense Mechanisms Projection defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others

Rationalization defense mechanism that offers selfjustifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for ones actions Defense Mechanisms Displacement

defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet The Psychoanalytic Perspective Free Association in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious

person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing Assessing the Unconscious Projective Test a personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT,

that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of ones inner dynamics Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) a projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguous scenes Assessing the Unconscious-TAT Assessing the Unconscious

Rorschach Inkblot Test the most widely used projective test a set of 10 inkblots designed by Hermann Rorschach seeks to identify peoples inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots Assessing the Unconscious-Rorschach Psychoanalytic Techniques

Moving issues from the unconscious to the conscious can be achieved through Free association: patient says whatever comes to mind Dream analysis: Dreams express unconscious issues

Manifest content: the actual content of a dream Latent content: symbols that are disguised unconscious issues or motives Psychoanalytic Techniques Resistance: Therapist looks for evidence that the patient is avoiding an issue Transference: Does the patient treat the therapist in ways that are similar to their parents? Interpretation: Therapist provides analysis of the meaning of the thoughts, behaviors, and dreams

of the patient Interpretation leads to understanding and resolution of unconscious issues Freud vs. Jung Major theoretical similarities Major theoretical differences Who do you support? Website for comparison of Freud vs Jung

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