Projects: R&D Session

Projects: R&D Session

The International Network on Innovative Apprenticeship I N N O VAT I V E A P P R E N T I C E S H I P S : P R O M O T I N G S U C C E S S F U L S C H O O L -T O - W O R K TRANSITIONS 17 18 SEPTEMBER 2009 ET F EUR OP E AN TR A I NIN G F OUND ATION V I L L A G UA L I N O, V I A L E S E TT I M I O S E V E R O 6 3 - 6 5 , 1 0 1 3 3 T U R I N, I TA LY Manufacturing engineering and related services S The transformational lament I have done a lot of things, but I aint done many of them very well. Also, Im just about getting into trouble just about the time things start goin good. Which I, suppose, is the penalty you pay for being an idiot Forest Gump In Winston Grooms, 1995, Gump & Co: The heart warming sequel to Forrest Gump (p.17, Black Swan, 1995, llkley, West Yorkshire INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S

Accelerated artisan training at the manufacturing coalface: Responding to the skills challenge in South Africa. 18th September 2009 SALIM AKOOJEE S E N. L E C T U R E R ( H O N ) ( U N I V E R S I T Y O F KWA Z U LU N ATA L ) & R E S E A R C H A N D D E V E L O P M E N T M A N A G E R ( M E R S E TA ) & HELEN BROWN S E N I O R P R O J E C T M A N A G E R ( M E R S E TA ) Manufacturing engineering and related services S INAP - Turin 02/09/2020 INAP - Turin 02/09/2020 The international context and skills The importance of TVET to national development is described as .the master key that can alleviate poverty, promote peace, conserve the environment, improve the quality of life for all and help to achieve sustainable development

(Burnett 2008). Assumption that skills by itself will not necessarily lead to national development but that without skills, the possibility for individual and national development is that much more difficult INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S National Development Challenges SA Developmental Policies need to respond to twin challenges of Colonialism and Apartheid resulting in (still) Uneven Development PIE phenomenon Poverty, Inequality (Un) and Employment 83% of households in the bottom fifth have no people in employment 38% of African households in 1999 contained no employed people

3.1 million households are workerless McGrath and Akoojee, (2007 ) Education for skills development in South AfricaInternational Journal of Educational Development. And this was before the Impact of the recession and global meltdown Response National RDP (1994) -GEAR (1996) - ASGISA (2005)- Developmental State - HRDSA (2008-9) INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S Skills and National Development Skills development is the Educational component of the National Development Challenge Redress and Equity Access, Key

aspect of the developmental post-Mbeki era A meaningful long-term response to: Poverty, Unemployment, Growth, Crime, Xenophobia and (service delivery challenge Framework for South Africas response to the international economic crisis, 19 th Feb. 2009 Establishes crritical role of skills development in responding to the challenge skills development essential to recovery programmes Inter alia , Training Retrenchment Scheme Retain workers that would otherwise be retrenched by re-skilling (Govt. aid) a way of keeping them employed in anticipation of recovery. INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S National Human Resource Development: Supply considerations Education

Saturation 02/09/2020 Declining share of national budget ECD and ABET provisioning (low) Declining Grade 12 pass rate HE enrolment capping Declines HET & FET enrolments and Poor throughput at schools/colleges and universities INAP - Turin H U E n ( i U v

F e o E r f T s T it e i c e h s ) Post-School Enrolment and VET FET Colleges crucial to socio/economic plan or socio- political imagining HE Dynamics - 2000-7: 555 080 761 000 (4.6% Ave annual increase) SET : circa 27% unchanged FET 2002-4-8: 406143 373 000 INAP - Turin 02/09/2020 FET College Enrolments Year

Learners Numbers Difference Educators % Difference Numbers Difference L/E Ratio Colleges % Difference 1998 226488 6079 37.3% 1999* 271900

45412 20% 7038 959 16% 38.6% 153 2000** 337300 654000 24% 6756 -282 -4% 49.9% 153+1 2001

356049 18749 6% 7233 477 7% 49.2% 50 2002 406145 50096 14% 7088 -145 -2% 57.3%

50 2003*** 406145 0 2004 394027 -12118 -3% 6477 -611 -9% 60.8% 50 2005 377584 -16443 -4%

6407 -70 -1% 58.9% 50 2006 361186 -16398 -4% 7096 689 11% 50.9% 50 134698 37%

1017 14% 7088 50 Cumulative (1998-2006) INAP - Turin 02/09/2020 INAP - Turin 1.9 National average 3 Western Cape 1.5 Northern Cape 2.0 North West 1.5

Mpumalanga 1 Limpopo KwaZulu-Natal Gauteng 2 Free State Eastern Cape Percentage Provincial Budgets (FET College component) 4 3.6 2.8 1.8 1.2 1.4 0.8

0 02/09/2020 The Intermediate-level skills shortage (still a component of..) AsgiSA (LATEST HRDSA) Up to 2006 ( 4000 artisans produced p/a) 2007-10 - 7500/8000 additional required Projected increase of 30 000 per year 2010/Capacity and delivery INAP - Turin 02/09/2020 The supply challenge INAP - Turin

02/09/2020 Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) Skills Development Act (1998 & 2008) Shift in labour legislative regime to include active labour market policies Skills Development Employment Services Skills Development Levies Act (1999) Tri-partate response to skills development (Govt/ Business/Unions) NEDLACs Social dialogue NEDLAC (http://www.nedlac.org.za/) Mandates to respond to skills development needs of particular sectors (NSDSs) 2000-2005-2010-2015) Establishment of Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) 23 SETAs exist in key economic sectors Funded by 1% levy for companies payroll over R 500 000 INAP - Turin (US$ 65 000)

Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Sector Education and Training Authority (SETA) Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap to facilitate sustainable development of skills, transformation and accelerate growth in the manufacturing and related services sectors Sub (economic) sectors Metal and engineering, Auto manufacturing, Motor retail and component manufacturing, Tyre manufacturing and Plastics industries Approximately 44000 companies, with

a workforce of approximately 600 000 INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S Context of Accelerated Artisan Training - routes to a recognised artisan qualification Apprenticeship (conventional) 4 5 years

Enter apprenticeship at grade 10 Random vocational college attendance to cover trade curriculum Ends in a quality assured trade test Apprenticeship (accelerated) 2 years Enter apprenticeship from grade 12 Structured vocational college attendance for 6 months Enter workplace as a work-ready apprentice Ends in a quality assured trade test INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S ...cont) Context of Accelerated Artisan Training - routes to a recognised artisan qualification Learnership (three levels) 4 5 years

Enter from grade 10 to 12 Vocational college 30% and workplace experience 70% Ends in a quality assured trade test after successful completion of three consecutive qualifications National Certificate (Vocational) 4 5 years Enter from grade 10 to 12 Structured vocational college attendance three years followed by one to two years workplace experience Ends in a quality assured trade test Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) Enter after 5 years workplace experience in a specific occupation Assessment of acquired skills and knowledge followed by gap training Ends in a quality assured trade test INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services

S AATP Project Dimensions 2047 apprentices registered since October 2007 168 successfully passed trade test to become Junior Artisans 75% first time trade test pass rate Trades covered mainly to support national infrastructure projects i.e., Welders, Fitters, Electricians, Millwrights, Motor Mechanics, Fabricators most popular trades Discretionary grants to support Employers 8,200 Euros + Cost to qualify one apprentice normally 8,000 - 16,000 Euros 20 participating Training Providers and 60 Employers Need for AAT covers approximately 20% of total national pool INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S Risks Challenges and Remedies Ensuring quality of institutional training provision Finding sufficient quality learners to enter into the program (quantitative uptake) Increasing the number of apprentices willing to enter into a trade test in the current economic downturn Keeping workplace activities focused on the

curriculum for the trade Maintaining and increasing participation by Employers Creating and institutional framework after the project based format of AAT. Manufacturing engineering INAP - Turin 02/09/2020 and related services S To close It should never be that the anger of the poor should be the finger of accusation pointed at all of us because we failed to respond to the cries for food, shelter, for the dignity of the individual Nelson Rolihlala Mandela INAP - Turin Manufacturing engineering 02/09/2020 and related services S

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