Présentation Groupe Messages clés

Présentation Groupe Messages clés

AIRCRAFT FIRE REGULATIONS Gerflor strictly confidential OVERVIEW There are two main regulations in the world which are very similar. The Federal Aviation Regulations, or FARs, are rules prescribed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) governing all aviation activities in the United States. FAR Part 25 Airworthiness Standards: Transport Category Airplanes FAR Part 25.853 Compartment interiors FAR Part 25.855 Cargo or baggage compartments FAR Part 25.856 Thermal / acoustic insulation materials In Europe since 2014, the old rules (Joint Airworthiness Requirements, JAR) have been replaced by the Certifications Specifications (CS), which are managed by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). CS-25 - Airworthiness of Large Aeroplanes CS-25.853 Compartment interiors CS-25.855 Cargo or baggage compartments CS-25.856 Thermal / acoustic insulation materials C. Vinson 2 Gerflor strictly confidential CS / FAR 25 Specifications Parts Test method Specifications (i) Interior ceiling and wall panels, Partitions, Galley structure, Structural flooring, Vertical Bunsen burner test Ignition time 60s (FTMS 191 Method 5902)

Burned lenght (cm) <15 Flame time(s) <15 Drip extinguishing time(s) <3 (ii) Floor coverings, Textiles, Seat cushions, Padding, Decorative and nondecorative coated fabrics, Leather, Trays and galley furnishings, Vertical Bunsen burner test Ignition time 12s (FTMS 191 Method 5902) Burned lenght (cm) <20 Flame time(s) <15 Drip extinguishing time(s) <5 (iv) Plastic windows and signs, parts constructed in elastomeric materials, seat belts, Horizontal Bunsen burner test (FTMS 191 Method 5906) Burn rate (mm/mn) <64 Seat cushions Oil burner test Calorimeter Burned lenght (cm) <43 Weight loss (%) <10 OSU Rate of Heat Release (ASTM E906)

Total Heat Release over the first 2 mn (kW mn/m) 65 Peak Heat Release Rate (kW/m) 65 Smoke Chamber (flaming mode) (ASTM E662) Smoke density Ds after 4mn 200 CS / FAR 25.853 Compartment interiors a) Materials including finishes or decorative surface CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part I c) Additional requirements for seat cushions CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part II d) Additional requirements for interior components for aeroplanes with passenger capacity 20 CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part IV C. Vinson

CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part V Interior ceiling and wall panels, Partitions, Galley structures 3 Gerflor strictly confidential CS / FAR 25 Specifications Parts Test method Specifications Flame penetration No flame penetration within 5 minutes after application of the flame source Peak temperature measured at 10 cm above the upper surface of the horizontal test sample must not exceed 2040C CS / FAR 25.855 Cargo or baggage compartments Class C and Class F cargo or baggage compartments CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part III Ceiling and sidewall liner panels

All other materials used in the construction of the cargo or baggage compartment must meet the applicable test criteria prescribed in Part I of Appendix F, or other approved equivalent methods. CS / FAR 25.856 Thermal / acoustic insulation materials a) Thermal / acoustic insulation materials CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part VI Installed in the fuselage Flame propagation No flame propagation beyond 51 mm Flame time after removal of the pilot burner (s) <3 b) Thermal / acoustic insulation materials CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part VII Passenger capacity 20 Burnthrough Flame penetration in less than 4 mn < 2.27 W/cm2 on the cold side of the insulation specimens at a point 30.5 cm C. Vinson 4 Gerflor strictly confidential

CS / FAR 25 The test methods and specifications are different according to : - the type of products - the place where its installed The differents parameters measured are : - Self extinguishing - Flame propagation - Flame penetration - Weight loss - Heat release - Smoke density (flaming mode) No mention of smoke toxicity assessment C. Vinson 5 Gerflor strictly confidential Additionnal requirements of aircraft manufacturers Concerning Smoke (density and toxicity), major aircraft manufacturers have developed similar internal standards. For AIRBUS : AITM3.0005 For BOEING : BSS 7239 Standards based on the smoke chamber method (idem CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part V) with a measurement of density and toxicity in the same time. Smoke density : same requirement than CS / FAR 25 Appendix F Part V but a non-flaming mode. Smoke toxicity Gas component Concentration limit Hydrogen Fluoride (HF) 100 ppm Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) 150 ppm Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN)

150 ppm Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) 100 ppm Nitrous Gases (NO / NO2) 100 ppm Carbon Monoxyde (CO) 1000 ppm C. Vinson 6 Gerflor strictly confidential Conclusion The requirement of smoke appeared initially with the same objective as the caloric release (OSU) : to control the flash-over (which may seem strange because we dont really see the link between optical density and flash-over). The authorities considers today that all the regulatory criteria for the selection of materials are sufficient to ensure that a fire will not develop sufficiently (or will be controlled) before the passengers are evacuated, and thus that the production of smoke and effluents toxic substances reach a critical level. In addition, the light signaling on the ground, the evacuation instructions and the time necessary for the evacuation of the apparatus limits the interest of the criterion of opacity (discussions are ongoing on whether to maintain the smoke requirement). C. Vinson 7 Gerflor strictly confidential

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