AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME AFPP Seminar/ Workshop PBN

AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME AFPP Seminar/ Workshop PBN

AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME AFPP Seminar/ Workshop PBN implementation, Developments, Targets and progress Seboseso Machobane RO/ATM ESAF Regional Office Addis Ababa November 20-21, 2014 Historical aspects Overview PBN Implementation planning Status of national plans Details of the Regional PBN Implementation Plan Progress in States Conclusion AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 Assembly Resolutions 2007 - A36-23: Introduction of PBN PBN Implementation Plans required by 2009 to meet global implementation goals Highlight-Approaches with vertical guidance Emphasis on VNAV (vertical guidance) 2010 A37-11: Complete a PBN implementation plan as a matter of urgency Included LNAV to emphasis Superseded A36-23 AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 APIRG Framework 2007 (Nov.) APIRG 16 Concl. 16/2 Establishment of PBN Task Force charged to develop Regional Plan Concl. 16/3 Development of State PBN implementation plans harmonized with Regional Plan Concl. 16/4 National focal points for PBN implementation AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014

APIRG Framework 2009 Workshop and guidance on development of Plans & Implementation Action Plans, templates provided Examples of PBN Implementation Action & Action Plans 2010 APIRG 17 Concl. 17/47 Provided template for State PBN Implementation Plan Urged completion as soon as possible Feedback to Regional Offices by 30 Oct. 2010 Concl. 17/48 Implementation tools provided: Action Plan Templates, project management; reference to others. AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 Nile 0 20 20 Regional Goals, Near Term (2008-2012) Airspace Nav. Specifications Nav. Specifications where Operationally Required RNP 4 RNP 4 En-Route Oceanic RNAV 10 En-Route Remote RNAV 10 Continental En-Route Continental RNAV 5 RNAV 1/2 TMA-Arrival/Departure RNAV 1 in a surveillance environment Basic RNP 1 in non-surveillance Approach RNP APCH (with Baro-VNAV) OR RNP APCH (LNAV only). Also See Note RNP AR APCH if required

Note: Where altimeter setting does not exist or aircraft of maximum certificated take-off mass of 5700kg or more, using an aerodrome are not suitably equipped for APV operations. AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 Near term- 2008-2012 Implementation targets RNP APCH (with Baro-VNAV) in 30% of instrument runways by 2010 and 50% by 2012 and priority given to airports with operational benefits. Each instrument runway will have an associated RNP APCH (LNAV only) Straight-in LNAV only procedures for instrument runways where there is no local altimeter setting available & where aircraft MTOM 5 700 kg or more are not suitably equipped for APV operations RNAV 1 SID/STAR for 30% of international airports by 2010 and 50% by 2012 and priority given to airports with RNP Approach. Review existing conventional and RNAV routes to transition to PBN RNAV 5 or where operationally required RNAV 2/1 by 2012. AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 Regional Goals, Mid Term (2013-2016) Airspace Nav. Specifications Nav. Specifications where Operationally Required En-Route Oceanic En-Route Remote Continental RNAV 10, RNAV 10, RNP 4 RNP 4 En-Route Continental RNAV 2, RNAV 5 RNAV 1 TMA Arrival/Departure Expand RNAV 1, or RNP-1 application High density TMAs Mandate RNAV 1, or RNP-1 Approach

Expand RNP APCH with ( Baro-VNAV or Augmented GNSS), Supplemented with LNAV only procedures. Also see note Implement RNP AR APCH where there are operational benefits Note: In addition, where altimeter setting does not exist or aircraft of maximum certificated take-off mass of 5700kg or more, using an aerodrome are not suitably equipped for APV. AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 Mid term- 2013-2016 Implementation targets RNP APCH (APV) (Baro-VNAV or Augmented GNSS) in 100% of instrument runways where practical, by 2016. RNP APCH (LNAV only minima) in 70% of instrument runways by 2014, 100% by 2016 Straight-in LNAV only procedures for instrument runways where there is no local altimeter setting available & where aircraft MTOM 5 700 kg or more are not suitably equipped for APV operations RNAV 1 or RNP 1 SID/STAR for 100% of international airports by 2016. RNAV 1 or RNP 1 SID/STAR for 70% of busy domestic airports where there are operational benefits. Implementation of additional RNAV/RNP Routes as required. AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 States progress -Terminal (on desktop) C D E F G H I STATE ICAO DESIGNATOR DAAG FNLU DBBB FBSK DFFD HBBA FKYS GVAC FEFF

FTTJ FMCH FCBB DIAP FZAA HDAM HECA FGSL HHAS HAAB FOOL GBYD DGAA GUCY GGOV HKJK FXMM GLRB HLLY FMMI FWKI GABS GQPP FIMP GMMN FQBR FYWH DRRN DNAA FMEE HRYR FPST GOOY FSIA GFLL HCMM FAJS HSSS FDMS DXXX DTTA HUEN COUNTRY NO OF INT'L AIRPORTS 20 3 2 4

2 1 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 5 1 16 1 3 4 3 1 3 4 1 8 2 1 6 3 7 2 2 1 12 3 6 3 11 NO OF RWYS 40 6 4 8 4 2 6 6 2 2 2 4 2 10

2 32 2 6 10 6 2 6 8 2 22 4 2 12 6 14 4 4 2 24 6 12 6 22 NO OF INST RWYS 33 4 4 6 4 2 6 3 2 2 2 4 2 8 2 25 2 3 10 6 2 6 4 2

3 1 2 8 6 4 4 4 2 24 4 6 6 20 NO OF RNP APCH NO OF RNAV APCH 2 1 2 1 1 5 10 4 1 2 8 1 4 2 4 2 2 10 36 8 2 4 16 2 2 2 4 2 2

6 18 5 1 4 16 1 3 6 11 6 12 22 TOTAL NO OF INT'L AIRPORTS 211 TOTAL NO OF RWYS 446 ALGERIA* ANGOLA* BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI* CAMEROON CAPE VERDE* CENTRAL AFRICAN REP CHAD* COMOROS CONGO COTE D'IVOIRE D R CONGO* DJIBOUTI* EGYPT* EQUAT GUINEA* ERITREA* ETHIOPIA GABON GAMBIA* GHANA* GUINEA* GUINEA-BISSAU KENYA LESOTHO* LIBERIA*

LIBYA* MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALI MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MOROCCO* MOZAMBIQUE* NAMIBIA* NIGER NIGERIA* REUNION (FRA)* RWANDA SAO TOME & PRINCIPE* SENEGAL SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE* SOMALIA* SOUTH AFRICA SUDAN* SWAZILAND* TOGO TUNISIA* UGANDA UK (BIOT)* J K L M NO OF DOMESTIC AIRPORTS NO OF RWYS NO OF INST RWYS 1 2 2 1

2 2 2 5 6 10 12 NO OF RNAV/RNP SID NO OF RNAV/RNP STAR 2 3 4 2 2 2 2 2 6 1 2 6 2 14 1 28 2 9 6 6 28 56

4 2 4 1 13 4 2 26 8 2 4 1 2 2 3 6 3 4 1 4 4 NO OF RNAV APCH 2 3 4 2 2 2 NO OF RNP APCH 2 6

NO OF RNAV/RNP SID NO OF RNAV/RNP STAR Published GNSS Procs Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 2 4 2 2 2 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 6 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

8 4 4 1 2 1 2 4 2 4 4 4 3 4 6 8 4 2 2 8 8 8 8 22 12 14 2 2

2 2 2 2 14 28 5 8 8 4 4 4 TOTAL NO OF INST RWYS 322 TOTAL NO OF RNP APCH 58 TOTAL NO OF RNAV/RNP SID 44 TOTAL NO OF RNAV/RNP STAR 69 1 Yes Yes Yes Yes 4 4 Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes UK (ST. HELENA & ASCENSION)* HTDA FLLS FVHA UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA* ZAMBIA* ZIMBABWE Yes Yes TOTAL NO OF RNAV APCH 17 TOTAL NO OF DOMESTIC AIRPORTS 108 TOTAL NO OF RWYS 222 AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS TOTAL NO OF INST RWYS 38 TOTAL NO OF RNP APCH 18 TOTAL NO OF RNAV APCH 8 TOTAL NO OF RNAV/RNP SID 7 TOTAL NO OF RNAV/RNP STAR 9

En-route progress Over 80 trajectories facilitated by ICAO and IATA (and member airlines) agreed since 2010 Most implemented Challenges include Differences in coordinates of same way point at FIR boundaries, jagged segment Lack of confidence, lack of training, preference of starburst route system Limitations in understanding: on issues like PBN itself, safety assessments and regulatory implications Now working on tracks to facilitate flexibility and provide transition to UPR/Free routing AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 En-route progress AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 En-route progress AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 Conclusion Nearly 7 years since 36th Assembly Session No more than 14 States have developed national PBN implementation plans Of the 14, most are without implementation action plans which form part of corporate plans, and/or plans are not part of corporate performance Despite support provided by IATA and member airlines, implementation targets far from being met Bottom line Lots of ground to cover AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014 AFRICAN FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROGRAMME SEMINAR/WORKSHOP ADDIS NOV. 2014

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