Outpacing Infectious Disease COL Matthew Hepburn, M.D., MC,

Outpacing Infectious Disease COL Matthew Hepburn, M.D., MC,

Outpacing Infectious Disease COL Matthew Hepburn, M.D., MC, USA Program Manager, Biological Technologies Office Briefing prepared for AUSA 22 Sep 2016 Distribution authorized to U.S. Government Agencies and their contractors (proprietary information; administrative use). Other requests for this document shall be referred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 675 N Randolph Dr., Arlington, VA 22203. BTO Vision for Pandemic Preparedness Develop scalable operational technologies that have the capability to predict, prevent, diagnose, and treat pandemic infectious disease outbreaks Microphysiological Systems (MPS) ADEPT- PROTECT y cac ffi E / ety Saf Rapid Threat Assessment (RTA) Vac

cine ADEPT- Controlling Cellular Machinery (CCM) s Pathogen Predators IVN Therapeutics (Tx) Dialysis Like Therapeutics Battlefield Medicine Dev ices os n ag Di e d/In vivo Pr ed ict

Tr ea t Dist ribu te ADEPT- CCM-Therapeutics cs euti rap The INTERCEPT ery cov Dis Prophecy Pathogen Defeat t en ev Pr

Prometheus Prog nos tics Technologies for Host Resilience (THoR) Biochronicity ADEPT Diagnostics on Demand (DxOD) ADEPT CCM-Diagnostics In vivo Nanoplatforms (IVN) Diagnostics (Dx) ical Clin Prophecy Mobile Analysis Platform (MAP) Distribution authorized to U.S. Government Agencies and their contractors (proprietary information; administrative use). Other requests for this document shall be referred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 675 N Randolph Dr., Arlington, VA 22203. 2 Outpacing Infectious Diseases Firebreaks Generation 0

1 2 Infected, identified early with local diagnosis Infected individuals Protected transiently by transferring immune responses Protected long-term with new, rapid vaccine methods Distribution authorized to U.S. Government Agencies and their contractors (proprietary information; administrative use). Other requests for this document shall be referred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 675 N Randolph Dr., Arlington, VA 22203. 3 Fielding Rapid & Accurate Diagnostics Today transport Trained phlebotomist hours to days Clinical laboratory analyses Results from physician DARPA Mobile Analysis Platform (MAP) or

Collect sample at the bedside 30-45 min Load sample Approved for Public Release Distribution Unlimited Analyze and transmit results 4 www.darpa.mil Syndrome-based assays in development Approved for Public Release Distribution Unlimited 6 Clinical and Operational Test Plan (2016) Naval Health Research Center Marine Corps Warfighting Lab Objective: Prospective clinical testing of respiratory virus assay Objective: Communications testing

and integration into medical common operating picture; RIMPAC Location(s): Kearny Mesa, Camp Pendleton, 29 Palms Location(s): USMC Warfighting Lab, Quantico VA Military HIV Research Program National Institutes of Health Objective: Prospective clinical testing of respiratory virus assay Objective: Clinical testing and sampling methodology refinement in flu human challenge study cohorts Location(s): MHRP clinics in Lagos and Abuja, Nigeria Location(s): NIH Clinical Center, Bethesda MD Distribution authorized to U.S. Government Agencies and their contractors (proprietary information; administrative use). Other requests for this document shall be referred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 675 N Randolph Dr., Arlington, VA 22203.

7 Rapid Immunoprophylaxis Strategy Provide the genetic sequences that encode the protective antibodies directly to humans so that their own cells receive the instructions for producing a potent antibody GGTACTTACTCACTAA Approved for Public Release Distribution Unlimited 8 Dialysis Like Therapeutics (DLT) Goal: Selectively remove pathogens, toxins, and other harmful components from the bloodstream with portable dialysis and extracorporeal filters Extracorporeal Filter Technologies Portable Dialysis Machine Mannose Binding Lectin (MBL) MBL is a protein that binds to the carbohydrate groups found on the surface of pathogens that induce sepsis, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and toxins, but does not bind to healthy human cells. Source: Wyss Institute & Opsonix Source: Cytosorbents Porous Polymer Beads

Pores remove a wide range of molecules that cause inflammation (e.g. cytokines) from whole blood based on pore capture and surface adsorption. Source: ExThera Medical Heparan Sulfate Coated Beads Disease-causing microorganisms bind to sugar groups such as heparin sulfates. As blood flows through the filter, pathogens, toxins and inflammatory cytokines bind to the surface of the beads. Source: Aethlon Medical Galanthus Nivalis Agglutinin (GNA) GNA is a protein that binds to sugar groups (e.g. mannose) on the surface of pathogens. GNA is immobilized on a hemodialysis filter and removes a wide variety of viruses. Source: NxStage Medical 15 x 20 x 17 - < 100 lbs. Approved for Public Release Distribution Unlimited 9

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