Bellwork: Review: 1. What is unification? 2. Name

Bellwork: Review: 1. What is unification? 2. Name

Bellwork: Review: 1. What is unification? 2. Name one of the leaders of Italian Unification and briefly explain his role. 3. Respond to the following quote: Not through speeches and majority decision will the great questions of the day be decided but by iron and blood.

a. What do you think the quote means? b. What is iron and blood? Unification of Germany Todays Agenda Standard: W.13 Summarize the causes, course, and consequences of unification in Germany including the role of Otto von Bismarck

Objective: I can explain the events that led to the unification of Germany and the actions of Otto von Bismarck, including blood and iron and realpolitik. Bellwork Notes Webquest Map Activity Three Elements of German

Unification A. The State: The most important of the German states was Prussia. B. The Man: Otto von Bismarck 1. His goal was to unify all of the German states into one super-power. C. The Method: War

1. Danish War 1864 2. Austro-Prussian War 1866 3. Franco-Prussian War 1871 Factors Against Unification A.Large number of states, 39 1. German Confederation of 39 states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815

B. The Confederation was working just fine C. Religion: 1. South Catholic 2. North - Protestant Factors Against Unification (cont.) D. Outside Influences:

1. Other countries didnt want Germany to become a nation. This would disturb the Balance of Power in Europe 2. France was especially worried about Germany becoming a nation because she would be a strong rival right next door. E. Austrian and Prussian Rivalry

Austria/Prussia Rivalry Austrian Empire Multinational Empire Major power in Europe Dealing with issues in Italy Wars with France, Italy, and Prussia

Prussia Primarily German population Powerful army Authoritarian government strong king Industrialized quickly

Factors for Unification A. Race: A consciousness of belonging together 1. A common language, culture, written language B. National Music and Literature 1. Bach, and Beethoven C. Feelings of Nationalism Factors For Unification (cont.)

D. The Zollverien customs union that removed tariffs on products traded between German states 1. Promoted trade and a strong economy E. Napoleonic Code of Laws gave all 39 states a common set of laws The Notorious O.V.B.

(Otto von Bismarck) What can you guess about his personality and his leadership by looking at this picture?

The Notorious O.V.B. (Otto von Bismarck) The Prime Minister of Prussia in the late 1800s. Practiced realpolitik Politics of reality Belief in practical goals instead of theory or idealism Not concerned about morals or ethics Doing whatever you think is necessary to achieve your goals

Believed Prussia destined to lead German people to unification Method to gain unification: Blood and Iron Blood and Iron The great questions of our time will not be solved with speeches and

majority votes but with iron and blood. Blood and Iron Meaning Blood = Soldiers, Iron = Swords We are not going to talk. We are going to fight for what we want. Speeches are not important. Action is important.

Fight!!! War!!! Blood and Iron Bismarck builds up the Prussian army Bismarck led Prussia into three wars 1. Danish War, 1864 2. Austro-Prussian War, 1866

3. Franco-Prussian War, 1871 Each war increased Prussias power and paved the way for German unity Words of Wisdom from Otto von Bismarck Laws are like sausages. It is better not to see them

being made. People never lie so much as after a hunt, during a war, or before an election. When you want to fool the world, tell the truth. The main thing is to make history, not to write it. Words of Wisdom (cont.) Only a fool learns from his own mistakes. The wise man learns

from the mistakes of others. Politics is not an exact science. Never believe anything in politics until it has been officially denied. Anyone who has ever looked into the glazed eyes of a soldier dying on the battlefield will think hard before starting a war. Otto von Bismarck Rap

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5gGBtGCdq9M German Unification The peace treaty following the Franco-Prussian War established a new unified German empire. Wilhelm I declared Kaiser (Emperor) Bismarck appointed to First Chancellor (Chief Minister)

New World Power is Born! Unified Germany, 1871 German Unification in Three Minutes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0oHWGXpzE8

Webquest and Map Activity: Go to the following website: http:// www.saburchill.com/history/chapters/empires/0043.html (Google: Open Door Web Site Unification) Read the information on the website and answer the questions on the handout Complete map activity on back of handout Due at the end of class!

Exit Ticket/ Tweet it Out In 140 characters or less, compose a tweet that sums up German Unification and the role of Otto von Bismarck. Dont forget to add a hashtag.

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