Project-Based Clinical Experiences: Authentic Learning for Teacher Candidates,
Project-Based Clinical Experiences: Authentic Learning for Teacher Candidates, PK-12 Students, Veteran Teachers, and Teacher Educators Kristien Zenkov, George Mason University, Professor Anthony Pellegrino, George Mason University, Assistant Professor Kirsten von Topel, TC Williams High School, English Teacher Suzanne Sciarrino, TC Williams High School, Teacher Candidate Melissa Panjer, Annandale High School, Teacher Candidate Mike Viccora, Annandale High School, Teacher Candidate TC Williams High School Students Annandale High School Students
What helps you to be successful in school? What gets in the way of your school success? What do you believe makes an exceptional teacher? What is a citizen? What is injustice? Teachers Who Trust You This is John Sebabe. He breaks with friends of mine, as much as a couple of times a week in the summer. I go hang out with them sometimes. My friend Tony Fresh Velez, who goes to Lincoln-West, breaks with
them. Hes very good and hes very into it. He is also in drama club at Lincoln-West. The drama teacher lets him do his breakdancing and plan all the dancing in the school plays, even in the Christmas Carol play. Some teachers may not trust you enough to do that. Thats what keeps guys like him in school. Xidi What helps you to be successful in school? What gets in the way of your school success? What do you believe makes an exceptional teacher?
What is a citizen? What is injustice? Opportunity This picture makes me think of how you have one chance at life. You cant miss your one shot. For most people if you mess up or miss your shot, you get a second chance. In my lifestyle its a hit or miss proposition. Thats why I go to school, education is something that I need to succeed in my life. Instead of horseplaying Id rather get it done and over with so I can move on to bigger and better things. I need to succeed in life to prove to everyone who has ever
done me wrong, that I am independent and just fine without them. Alycia What helps you to be successful in school? What gets in the way of your school success? What do you believe makes an exceptional teacher? What is a citizen? What is injustice? Being Clean
I'm the kind of guy that won't use dirty clothes again until they're clean. I do my own laundry; I don't like how my mom does my laundry. I've been doing my own laundry since I was 12. My mom used to have a job where she stayed overnight with kids, so I couldn't wait for my mom, and I started doing my own laundry. You don't want to smell bad when you're in school. Clean clothes are everything. When you have a stain on your shirt, you feel embarrassed all day. If I had a huge stain on my shirt, I'd say, "Mom, I can't go to school." I don't know if other people feel this way.
Jonnatan The Monster This is a picture of my father's oxygen machine. He has emphysema and is on 24-hour oxygen. He was in the hospital during part of my junior year. I missed a few days of school because of it. I didn't allow my grades to seriously suffer, but I had to work very hard to keep the situation from distracting me from school. Worrying about my dad made it very difficult to think of school as a priority. My dad can't go up and down the stairs yet, so he's got a hospital bed on the first floor. Our living room
is now the bedroom. Lindsay A Need for Improved Clinical Preparation Professional associations and accrediting bodies are increasingly calling for more and improved clinical preparation elements of licensure programs PDS practitioners have known for decades that clinical experiences are at the center of effective teacher preparation We recognized that the cannon placement method and drive-by supervision were not effective or responsible
We sought quality field experiences where we could model novel pedagogies with real kids and teachers Critical, Project-Based Clinical Experiences Projects with explicit relevance for youths, pre-service and inservice and veteran teachers, and school- and university-based teacher educators and scholars Co-learning and co-researching clinical experiences for teacher candidates Collaboratively conducted research enterprises rooted in teaching and learning challenges that begin with concerns identified by classroom teachers and youths Professional development and teacher research opportunities for
school- and university-based teachers and teacher educators Critical pedagogy Foundations Youths as experts orientation Inquiry approach to instructionthe process is the content PDS and clinical experience emphases Pre-service teachers need to learn in actual classrooms
Classroom teachers are schoolbased teacher educators Our clinical work should explicitly benefit PK-12 students and teachers Project Methods Education methods and electives courses for pre-service teachers (PSTs)plus 15-30 hours of field experiences Implemented with diverse and typically disenfranchised youths, often in alternative public schools and juvenile justice settings Photovoice/photo elicitation projects facilitated by university faculty, in mentor teachers classrooms, assisted by PSTs, addressing big idea questions:
What What What What What helps you to be successful in school?
gets in the way of your school success? do you believe makes an exceptional teacher? is a citizen? are justice and injustice? Weekly sessions following mentor teachers schedules, with PSTs spending extensive 1:1 time with youths as Mason Mentors Sample Projects What is an Exceptional Teacher? 20 PSTs, 75 students across 3 schools (elementary, middle, high school), 20 veteran teachers, 1 day per school, daily presentations, summary projects shared with schools
What is Good Writing Instruction? 40 PSTs, 130 students across 3 schools (elementary, middle, high school), 1 day per school, daily presentations, summary projects shared with schools What is an Outsider and What is an Insider? 13 middle school English language learners, 12 PSTs, 8 ELA blocks, daily photo walks and elicitation conferences, final gallery exhibtion at school What is an Exceptional Teacher? Lessons from Youths and Novice and Veteran
Teachers Three themes appeared across pre-service teachers and youths images and writings about effective teachers core teaching practices Effective teachers make their classrooms safe for every student Effective teachers learn rather than believe things about their students Effective teachers use words that feel good in students ears
Effective teachers make their classrooms safe for every student Citizenship What worries me the most is me not being a citizen of the United States. A lot of people that go to college are citizens. I worry a lot because Im scared if I cant go to college. Im scared if the application form asks me for a social security
[number], which I dont have. Im scared if they reject me because I wasnt born here. Lizabeth Effective teachers learn rather than believe things about their students Trusted I feel welcomed in Ms. Hymans Geometry class because she is a teacher that
truly cares. In the beginning of the semester she spends time knowing her students well. She lays out expectations at the beginning of the year. She does not discriminate among students. She communicates well with parents and students.She trusts me. Edward Effective teachers use words that
feel good in students Teacher candidate Carolineears included the image of a Dr. Seuss classic to accompany a paragraph she entitled Use Words That Feel Good in My Ears. She explained that a 10th grade English language learner with whom she had worked in our project shared how the comments teachers used when offering feedback on his work did not, in his words, feel good.
What is Good Writing Instruction? Lessons from Youths and Novice Teachers Three themes appeared across pre-service teachers and youths images and writings about good writing instruction No Drive By Writing Assessments Local and Global Writing Assessments Due, not Done No Drive By Writing
Assessments The Exact Moment This is a picture of my cousin, D'Angelo.... He is throwing up the 'King-Kennedy' sign because he represents King-Kennedy. People join gangs because they want to get back at other people who jumped their friends. His mother was born at King-Kennedy...[I] don't want to join a gang because when gangs start fighting and then you have to represent your 'hood, then people start shootingand then you'll get shot, and you'll think, I shouldn't have joined that gang. Allen Local and
Global Writing Assessments The Piggy Bank High school for me is similar to a fashion show. We put on our best clothes everyday to walk the halls, and like any great fashion show it takes money. For some getting money is only a matter of asking mom and dad, and others work part time jobs or get gigs cutting grass and shoveling driveways in the winter. But this gets in the way of what we truly come to school for, to learn. I think having to worry about what youre wearing and getting money gets in the way of getting an education. Amber
Due, Not Done The Exact Moment This picture that Ive taken is called Mobile Home and it represents the purpose of school for me. The reason why this picture is my purpose of being in school is, I dont want to grow up to be a homeless person. I want to set a strong and stable foundation for my family and live in a nice wonderful home, thats safe for me and my family and the way Im going to start building that foundation is to finish school and go to college. Eon
Critical, Project-Based Clinical Experiences Simultaneously address school engagement and teaching/learning concerns of adolescents who fill our classroomsand pedagogical needs of pre-service teachers who will one day serve these youth. We initially involved pre-service educators in these projects because we were convinced that our intervention methods were ones future teachers needed to understandboth for the insights into adolescents points of view and for the pedagogical processes we were modeling.
The core of our project and orientation is the almost counterintuitive practice of asking studentsrather than telling themabout the nature of school, teaching practices, and those big ideas with which they should be fluent Critical, Project-Based Clinical Experiences Such inquiries into youths perspectives require that educators, community members, and policy makers view teaching and learning as reflexive processes utilizing media with which young people are already proficient. This model holds potential for enhancing teacher preparation programs, strengthening school-university
partnerships, and connecting teacher educators, teacher candidates, and school-based practitioners via collaboration on intervention-based instructional research projects. Critical, project-based clinical experiences that engage future and veteran teachers and teacher educators answer so many of our questionsand enable us to ask diverse young people so many more. Questions and Discussion Kristien Zenkov George Mason University [email protected]
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