Book of Jeremiah Prepared by Chris Reeves *

Book of Jeremiah Prepared by Chris Reeves *

Book of Jeremiah Prepared by Chris Reeves * Winter Quarter 2004 1 Jeremiah in the Old Testament Law (5) History (12) Wisdom (5) Prophecy (17) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua

Judges Ruth 1&2 Samuel 1&2 Kings 1&2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Major Prophets Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel

Minor Prophets Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi 2 Jeremiah in the Old Testament Pre-Exile Prophets Jonah, Amos, Hosea, Joel, Obadiah, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Jeremiah

Exile Prophets Ezekiel Daniel Post-Exile Prophets Haggai Zechariah Malachi 3 Jeremiah the Prophet Jeremiah was a prophet (1:5-7) A prophet was a spokesman; a mouthpiece for God, guided by the Holy

Spirit (Ex. 4:11-16; 7:1; Deut. 18:15,18; Ac. 28:25). A prophet called Gods people back to Gods law and covenant (2 Kings 17:13; Jer. 11:1-8; 25:3-4). 4 Jeremiah the Man We know more about Jeremiah the prophet than any other prophet in the Old Testament Jeremiah had to learn to go when commissioned (1:6) Jeremiah was the weeping prophet who had a broken heart for the sins of his

people (4:19-20; 8:21-22; 9:1; 13:17; 23:9) 5 Jeremiah the Man Jeremiah persevered under difficult circumstances, and when he was despised and persecuted (11:18-23; 12:6; 18:11-18; 19:14-20:6; 26:1-15; 37:11-15,16-21; 38:113). He was not allowed to marry (16:1-4) Jeremiah wanted to resign, but he had a burning desire to proclaim Gods word (20:7-9) Jeremiah was finally exiled in Egypt (43:1-7) 6

Jeremiah Authorship Jeremiah means Jehovah throws (1:1; cf. to throw down a foundation) Jeremiah was the son of Hilkiah (1:1) Jeremiah was from Anathoth in the land Benjamin, a town assign to the priests, 2 to 3 miles northeast of Jerusalem (1:1; Josh. 21:18) 7 Jeremiah Authorship Jeremiah dictated his words to his scribe named Baruch (36:1-4,27-32; 51:64) Jeremiah does not arrange his material in

chronological order, but in topical order: Call of Jeremiah (1) Prophecies of doom (2-29) Prophecies of hope (30-33) Siege and fall of Jerusalem (34-39) Post Jerusalem fall (40-44) Prophecies to foreign nations (46-51) Fall of Jerusalem (52) 8 Date of Jeremiah Jeremiah prophesied approximately 46 years, c. 627-580 B.C. (1:2; 3:6; 25:3; 43:8). He was contemporary with Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah (prophets in Judah), and contemporary with Ezekiel and Daniel (prophets in Babylon).

9 Key Dates in Jeremiah Ruler Year Reference Summary Josiah 627 B.C. 1:1-3 Jeremiahs call Jehoahaz

609 B.C. 22:10-12 Jehoahaz led captive Jehoakim 609 B.C. 26:1-7 Temple destruction foretold 608-605 B.C. 22:13-19

Jehoiakim led captive 10 Key Dates in Jeremiah Ruler Year Reference Summary Jehoiakim 605 B.C. 25:1-14 Seventy year

captivity foretold 605 B.C. 45:1-5 Baruchs life spared 605 B.C. 46:1-2 Battle of Carchemish

605-604 B.C. 36:1-32 Gods word burned 601-598 B.C. 35:1-19 Rechabites example 11 Key Dates in Jeremiah Ruler Year

Reference Summary Jehoiachin 598-597 B.C. 22:24-30 Jehoiachin led captive Zedekiah 597 B.C. 24:1-10 Good and bad figs

597 B.C. 29:1-32 Return after 70 years foretold 597 B.C. 49:34-39 Prophecy against Elam 12

Key Dates in Jeremiah Ruler Year Reference Summary Zedekiah 594-593 B.C. 28:1; 51:59-64 False prophecy of Hananiah; symbolic act of Seraiah

588-87 B.C. 34:1-22 Prophecy of Jerusalems fall 588-87 B.C. 21:1-10 Zedekiah urged to surrender

588-87 B.C. 37:1 - 38:28 Jeremiah imprisoned 13 Key Dates in Jeremiah Ruler Year Reference Summary Zedekiah 587 B.C. 32:1-44

Jeremiah buys a field 587 B.C. 33:1-26 Return to Jerusalem foretold 586 B.C. 1:3; 39:1-18; 52:1-30 Fall of

Jerusalem Gedaliah (governor) 586 B.C. 40:1 41:18 Gedaliah appointed & assassinated 14 Ruler Year Reference Summary

Johanan (leader) c. 586 B.C. 42:1-22 Remnant stays in the land c. 585 B.C. 43:1-7 Remnant flees to Egypt

c. 582-580 B.C. 43:8-13; 44:1-30 Jeremiahs last words in Egypt 582 B.C. 52:30 4th minor deportation 562 B.C.

52:31-34 Jehoiachin treated kindly by Evil-mero 15 Three Stages of Jeremiahs Ministry 627 to 605 B.C. 605 to 586 B.C. 586 to 580 B.C. Prophesied Proclaimed Ministered in while Judah was Gods judgment Judah and in threatened by while Judah was Egypt after Assyria and threatened and Judahs downfall Egypt besieged by Babylon

16 Ministry of Jeremiah Chapters 1-39 586 B.C. Prophecies Before the Fall of Jerusalem Chapters 40-52 Prophecies After the Fall of Jerusalem Book of Lamentations 1. Prophecies during Josiahs reign (1-12) 2. Prophecies during Jehoiakims reign (13-20, 25-26, 35-36)

3. Prophecies during the reign of Jehoiakim and Zedekiah (45-51) 4. Prophecies during Zedekiahs reign (21-24, 2734, 37-39,52) 1. Prophecies to the remnant in Judah (40-42) 2. Prophecies to the remnant in Egypt (43-44) 17 Jeremiahs Audience Jeremiah proclaimed a message of doom (using words, signs and symbols) to the stiff-necked

and black-sliding people of Judah in the declining days before the Babylonian captivity (Jer. 1-39) Jeremiah proclaimed a message of hope to the discouraged and dismayed remnant of people scattered around (Palestine, Egypt, Babylon) as a result of the captivity (Jer. 40-52) Judah opposed, beat, isolated, threatened, persecuted and imprisoned Jeremiah. He was lonely, rejected and persecuted 18 Jeremiahs Theme and Purpose Key Theme: divine judgment is at hand Key Verse: 1:10; cf. 18:7-10; 24:6; 31:28; 45:4 Key Purpose:

Historical purpose: How God judged Judah by using the Babylonians (1:13-16; 25:9) Doctrinal purpose: Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach (Prov. 14:34) Messianic purpose: Christ will bring a new covenant (31:31-34) 19 Jeremiahs Message 1:10 Destruction Construction Four Themes

Emphasis 1. Rebuke Peoples sin Time Present (2:1ff) 2. Warning Gods right. Future (2326,31) 3. Invitation Gods grace Present (3:1ff) 4. Consolation Peoples hope Future (23:140; 30:4-11; 32:37-41; 33:14-26)

20 Historical Background to Jeremiah National History Israel had already fallen to Assyria in 722 B.C. Material prosperity led to religious apostasy, political, moral and social decay, indifference and forgetting God; idolatry was rampant (1:16) Judah holds awhile longer because of the righteous reforms of Hezekiah and Josiah. Hezekiahs reforms were short-lived. The wicked kings Manasseh and Amon led Gods people back into sin and idolatry It is now the midnight hour for Judah (3:11). Jeremiah is Gods spokesman in the last 40 years of Judahs history; its darkest days 21 Historical Background to Jeremiah

National History Josiahs reforms (about 9 in all) failed to produce a real change of heart, and did not completely eradicated the sins of the people (2 K. 23:26; 24:3ff; Jer. 3:6-10; 15:4). Thus, Judah was destined for judgment (Jer. 7:23-24; 8:11-12) Jeremiah lived in perilous times (Jer. 16:1-4). The princes, priests, prophets and people were corrupt (1:18; 2:26; 4:9; 5:31; 14:13-16; 23:9-40) Background in 2 Kings 22-25; 2 Chron. 34-36; Jeremiah is mentioned by name in 2 Chron. 35:25; 36:12,21,22; Ezra 1:1; Dan. 9:2; and Matt. 2:17; 16:14; 27:9 22 Historical Background to Jeremiah International History Assyria and Egypt had been the main threat to

Judah in recent times (Jer. 2:18,36-37) Assyria experienced rapid decline during the reign of Josiah. Assurbanipal, the last ruler of the Assyrian Empire, died the year Jeremiah began his work, 627 B.C. Babylonia was struggling with Assyria for her independence. Babylon finally conquered Asshur in 614 B.C., Ninevah in 612 B.C., and Haran in 610 B.C. 23 Historical Background to Jeremiah International History Egypt controlled Palestine from 609 to 605 B.C. Pharoah Neco fought with Josiah in Megiddo in 609 B.C. (2 Chron. 35:20-25) Egypt challenged Babylons power in the battle of Carchemish, but was defeated in 605 B.C. (Jer. 46:2-13) Babylon controlled Palestine from 605 B.C. to

539 B.C. Babylon was used by God to punish Judah (Babylon mentioned 143 times in Jeremiah!) 24 Kings and Kingdoms in Jeremiah Kings of Egypt Psammetichus I (664-610 B.C.) Necho II (610-598 B.C.) Psammetichus II (595-589 B.C.) Apries (Hophra) (589-570 B.C.) Kings of Judah Josiah (640-609 B.C.) Jehoahaz* (609 B.C.)

Jehoiakim (609-598 B.C.) Jehoiachin** (598-597 B.C.) Zedekiah (597-586 B.C.) Kings of Babylon Nabopolassar (625-605 B.C.) Nebuchadnezzar (605-562 B.C.) Evil-Merodach (562-560 B.C.) * = Shallum in Jer. 22:11; reigned 3 months ** = Coniah in Jer. 22:24; reign 3 months 25 The Last Kings of Judah ruling in the days of Jeremiah (1 Chronicles 3:14-17)

Josiah 640-609 B.C. (2 Kings 22:1) Jehoahaz 609 B.C. (2 Kings 23:31) Jehoiakim Zedekiah 609-598 B.C. 597-586 B.C. (2 Kings 23:36) (2 Kings 24:18) Jehoiachin

598-597 B.C. (2 Kings 24:8) 26 Josiah and Jeremiah 2 Kings 22-23 and 2 Chronicles 34-35 Eighth year, 632 B.C. - Josiah began to seek Jehovah (2 Chron. 34:3) Twelfth year, 628 B.C. - Josiah began to purge idolatry (2 Chron. 34:3) Thirteenth year, 627 B.C. - Jeremiah began his work (Jer. 1:2) Eighteenth year, 622 B.C. - Hilkiah book of the law found (2 Chron. 34:8) 27

Key Locations in the Book of Jeremiah Damascus (Jer. 49:23) Tyre / Sidon (Jer. 47:4) Israel (Jer. 2:3) Judah (Jer. 1:3) Philistia (Jer. 47:1) Carchemish Assyria (Jer. 50:17) Medes (Jer. 51:11)

Elam (Jer. 49:34) Babylon (Jer. 50:1) Moab Ammon Arabia Edom Egypt Kedar (Jer. 46:2) (Jer. 49:7) (Jer. 25:24) (Jer. 48:1) (Jer. 49:1) (Jer. 25:24) 28 Fall of Major Nations in Jeremiah Date Fall of Nation Conqueror 722 B.C.

Israel Assyria (Samaria) (Jer.50:17-18) Assyria Babylonia (Ninevah) (Jer. 50:17-18) Egypt Babylonia 612 B.C.

605 B.C. (Jer. 46:2-13) 586 B.C. 539 B.C. Judah Babylonia (Jerusalem) (Jer. 52:12-27) Babylonia Media (Jer. 51:11,28) 29 Babylonian Captivity

Date Deportation Captives Taken 605 First Nobles, Daniel (2 K. 24:1; Dan. 1:1-2) (first year)* 597 Second (seventh year)* Jehoiachin,

Ezekiel (2 K. 24:12; Jer. 52:28; Ezk. 1:1-2) 586 Third Jerusalem (2 K. 25:8; Jer. 52:29) (nineteenth year)* 582 Fourth (twenty-third year)* (Minor) Small Group of

745 Jews (Jer. 52:30) * Years of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar 30 Jeremiah in the New Testament Cited By Jeremiah Passage NT Reference Matthew Jer. 31:15 --Jer. 7:11 Jer. 32:6-9 Jer. 31:31-34 Matt. 2:17-18 Matt. 16:14

Matt. 21:13 Matt. 27:9 Heb. 8:8-12; 10:16-17 Hebrews 31 Jeremiahs Messiah in the New Testament Prophecy Fulfillment Shepherds (3:15; 23:4) 1 Peter 5:1-4; Jn. 10:1-4 All nations united (3:17-18)

Acts 2:1-4 Branch of Righteousness Luke 1:30-33; Rom. 1:3; 11:26-27; Rev. 22:16 (23:5; 30:9; 33:15-16) Ruler from the people (30:21) Micah 5:2; Jn. 1:11; Gal. 4:4 New covenant (31:31-34) Heb. 8:8-12; 10:16-17 32 Jeremiah or one of the prophets Matthew 16:14 Comparisons Between Jeremiah and Jesus

Both preached to a Jerusalem, and in a temple on the verge of destruction Both had a message for Judah and the world Both came from godly ancestry, and grew up in a village town Both were conscious of their call fro God, and knew their place in Gods plan from their youth up Both preached in the temple to hypocritical worshippers Both foretold the destruction of the temple Both enjoyed open fellowship with God 33 Jeremiah or one of the prophets Matthew 16:14

Comparisons Between Jeremiah and Jesus Both were accused of treason Both were tried, persecuted and imprisoned Both lived unmarried Both did not write down their message Both were tender-hearted, loved Judah deeply, and wept for their people Both forcefully condemned the religious leaders of their day Both were rejected by their own kin; lonely and rejected messengers of God 34

6th Century B.C. and 21st Century A.D. A time of deep sin; apostasy and hypocrisy abound Balance of power among nations changes Alliances change from decade to decade Gods heralds are in a lonely minority Destinies of peoples are in the hands of God Religious people are hypocritical 35 Jeremiah for Today

The importance of responding to Gods call with boldness (Jer. 1:4-8; Eph. 6:19) Genuine religion vs. the outward show of religion (Jer. 2:8; 7:4-11; 23:9-17; 2 Tim. 3:5) The true God vs. idols (Jer. 10:1ff; 27:5; 31:1-3). Guard against idols (1 Jn. 5:21) God keeps his word (Jer. 29:10). Gods word is reliable (Dan. 9:2) God is sovereign; in control of the nations (Jer. 18:7-10; 46-51; Rev. 17:17). 36 Jeremiah for Today

The godly suffer persecution (Jer. 1:19; 2 Tim. 3:12) A nation will suffer for its sins (Jer. 39; 52; Prov. 14:23) The ugliness of sin, disobedience and rebellion (Jer. 2-7; Rom. 6:23) We are under a new covenant (Jer. 31; Heb. 8) God is absolutely pure, holy and righteous (Jer. 12:1; Heb. 10:31; 12:29) Mankind can repent and enjoy the blessings of restoration (Jer. 30-33; Lk. 15) 37

Jeremiah Outlined Jeremiah and Judah (1-45) Call of Jeremiah (1) Condemnation of Judah (2-25) Conflicts of Jeremiah (26-29) Consolation of Judah (30-33) Capture of Judah (34-45) Jeremiah and the Gentiles (46-51) Jeremiah and Jerusalem (52) Capture of Jerusalem (52:1-11) Destruction of Jerusalem (52:12-23) Exile of Jerusalem (52:24-30) Liberation of Jehoiachin (52:31-34) 38 Chapter 1 Outline

Jeremiahs Call (1:1-10) Introduction (1:1-3) Jeremiahs call and commission (1:4-10) Jeremiahs Signs (1:11-16) Sign of the almond tree (1:11-12) Sign of the caldron (1:13-16) Jeremiahs Courage (1:17-19) 39 Call of Jeremiah 1:4-19

Predestined (vv.4-5) Not excused from service (vv.6-7) Assured of success (v.8) Inspired words from God (v.9) Two-fold message: doom and hope (v.10) Be strong and courageous (vv.17-18) Rejection is to be expect (v.19) 40 Jeremiah for Today

We must heed Gods call without excuse (Lk. 14:18). We must go to whomever God wants to go, and say whatever God wants said (Ac. 8:4). We must not be afraid to speak Gods word. We must be strong and bold in the face of opposition (Mt. 10:28; Eph. 6:19; Phil. 1:27-28). Gods word is used to build up and tear down (Ac. 20:20,27; 2 Tim. 3:16; 4:2) 41 Chapter 2:1 3:5 Outline Jehovahs Case Against Israel Israels past devotion (2:1-3)

Israels present defection (2:4-8) Forsook the Lord (2:9-19) Committed idolatry (2:20-28) Denied the guilt of sin (2:29-37) Jehovahs call to repentance (3:1-5) Jehovahs invitation (3:1) Israels refusal (3:2-5) 42 Jeremiah for Today Gods people sometimes leave their first love (Rev. 3:5)

Many have a bad habit of changing Gods glory (Rom. 1:21-23) Broken cisterns dont hold water (2 Pet. 2:18-19) Some openly reject the truth (2 Tim. 3:8) Some are just too proud to confess their sin (1 Jn. 1:8-10) Spiritual harlotry among Gods people is still a problem today (Jas. 4:4) 43 Chapter 3:6 4:31 Outline Repentance Offered (3:6 4:4) Judah should have learned to return (3:6-10) Judah is called to return (3:11-14) Judah will receive blessings if they return (3:15-18) Judah is told how to return (3:19-25)

Judah must wholeheartedly return (4:1-4) Repentance Rejected (4:5-31) Destruction is published (4:5-18) Destruction is lamented (4:19-31) 44 Jeremiah for Today Backsliding takes us away from God (Jer. 3:8,11,12,14,22; Heb. 10:38-39; 2 Pet. 2:21) Wholehearted repentance is what God desires (Jer. 3:10; 1 Tim. 1:5; Heb. 10:22) The erring child of God needs to acknowledge his sin and return (Jer. 3:13; Acts 8:22) Shepherds feed Gods people (Jer. 3:15; Ac.

20:28) 45 Jeremiah for Today Circumcision of the heart is needed for true commitment (Jer. 4:4; Rom. 2:28-29; Phil. 3:3; Col. 2:11) Gods wrath in the judgment day will be unquenchable (Jer. 4:4; Mk. 9:43,48) Gods people who sin need to wash their hearts (Jer. 4:14; Jas. 4:8) We must be wise unto that which is good, not the other way around (Jer. 4:22; Rom. 16:19)

46 Jeremiah 5 Outline Sins of Judah Published (5:1-18) Sin of injustice (5:1-3) Sin of ignorance (5:4-6) Sin of immorality (5:7-9) Sin of denial (5:10-13) Sins of Judah Punished (5:14-31) Punishment threatened (5:14-18) Punishment deserved (5:19) Punishment brought on by sins (5:20-31) 47 Jeremiah 6 Outline

Siege of Jerusalem (6:1-8) Sins of Jerusalem (6:9-15) Reproached Gods word Covetousness Dealing falsely False sense of security No shame Stubbornness of Jerusalem (6:16-21) Sackcloth of Jerusalem (6:22-26) Smelting of Jerusalem (6:27-30) 48 Jeremiah for Today

Can a man be found today that does justice and seeks truth (Jer. 5:1)? Making a promise, then breaking it is a sin (Jer. 5:2; Tit. 1:16) May we never refuse Gods correction (Jer. 5:3; Heb. 12:5-6) It is astonishing that some of Gods people love to hear error rather than truth (Jer. 5:31; 2 Tim. 4:2-4) Are your ears uncircumcised (Jer. 6:10; Ac. 7:51)? 49 Jeremiah for Today

Many proclaim peace instead of truth (Jer. 6:14; 1 Thess. 5:3) Ancient sins are found in our modern society (Jer. 6:10-15) Gods people must constantly return to the old paths for rest (Jer. 6:16; Mt. 11:29; 2 Thess. 2:15) When we reject Gods law, he rejects our worship (Jer. 6:19-20; Mt. 15:8-9) When we are refined by fire, what will God find in us (Jer. 6:28-29; 1 Pet. 1:7) 50 Jeremiah 7 Outline (including 8:1-3) Judah Deceived (7:1-15) Deceived by presumptuous worship (7:1-15)

Judah Destroyed (7:16 8:3) Destroyed for pagan worship (7:16-20) Destroyed for priorities in worship (7:21-28) Destroyed for polluted worship (7:29 - 8:3) 51 Jeremiah 8 Outline Jeremiahs Four Questions Shall men fall, and not rise up again? (8:47) a question teaching normal behavior How do you say, We are wise? (8:8-13) a question exposing falsehood and pride Why do we sit still? (8:14-17) a question of desperation from the punished of Judah Is not Jehovah in Zion? (8:18-22) a question of despair from the captives of Judah 52

Jeremiah for Today We are to trust in God, not the place where God is worshipped (Jer. 7:4; Jn. 4:24) Gods salvation is always conditional: if then (Jer. 7:5-7; Rom. 11:22-25) God sees through hypocritical religion (Jer. 7:10-11,14; Rom. 2:21-24) Gods house is to be a house of prayer, not a den of robbers (Jer. 7:10-11; Mt. 21:13; Mk. 11:17; Lk. 19:46) 53 Jeremiah for Today

God speaks eagerly and repeatedly to bring his people back (Jer. 7:13; Mt. 23:32; Ac. 7:51-53) Prayers for impenitent people will not be heard (Jer. 7:16; 1 Pet. 3:12; 1 Jn. 5:16) The attitude of obedience comes before the practice of obedience (Jer. 7:22-23) What direction is your spiritual progress, backward or forward (Jer. 7:24; Heb. 10:39) 54 Jeremiah for Today Some just will not repent and return to God (Jer. 8:6; Rev. 9:20)

Our return back to God begins with: What have I done (Jer. 8:6; Lk. 15:17-18) Some of Gods people know not the law of the Lord (Jer. 8:7; Eph. 5:17) Those who are wise will be put to shame (Jer. 8:8; Rom. 1:22; 2:17-20; 1 Cor. 1:27) Do we, like Jeremiah, mourn over sin (Jer. 8:2122; Mt. 5:4) 55 Jeremiah 9 Outline Weeping for the deceit of Judah (9:1-9) Weeping for the desolation of Judah (9:10-11) Weeping for the disobedience of Judah (9:12-16)

Weeping for the destruction of Judah (9:17-26) 56 Jeremiah 10 Outline Do not trust in idols, trust in the Lord (10:1-18) Do not trust in man, trust in the Lord (10:1925) 57 Jeremiah for Today

Speaking falsehood is common, even among Gods people (Jer. 9:3,8; Eph. 4:25) There are those who refuse to know the Lord (Jer. 9:6; Jn. 3:19-20; Rom. 1:28) Many walk after the stubbornness of their own heart (Jer. 9:14; Rom. 1:21-24) Many blindly follow what their parents teach them (Jer. 9:14; 1 Pet. 1:18) 58 Jeremiah for Today Do not glory in wisdom, strength or riches, but glory in the Lord (Jer. 9:23-24; 1 Cor. 1:31; 2 Cor. 10:17-18; Gal. 6:13-14) Shepherds who do not inquire of the Lord will loose their flocks (Jer. 10:21; Ac. 20:28)

It is not in man to direct his own steps (Jer. 10:23; Phil. 3:16-18) 59 Jeremiah 11 Outline Obedience to Gods covenant will bring blessings (11:1-5) Disobedience to Gods covenant will bring punishment (11:6-17) Conspiracy against the preacher of Gods covenant will bring death (11:18-23) 60 Jeremiah 12 Outline

Jeremiah complaint against Judah: Why How long? (12:1-4) Jehovahs three-fold answer against Judah (12:5-17) Things are going to get worse (12:5-6) Judah will be given up to judgment (12:7-13) Restoration will come for the faithful (12:14-17) 61 Jeremiah 13 Outline Sign of the linen girdle: Judahs stubborn pride will be marred (13:1-11) Sign of the full bottle: Judahs stubborn

pride will lead to captivity (13:12-27) 62 Jeremiah for Today Bringing Gods people back to Gods covenant is the role of preaching (Jer. 11:12; 2 Tim. 3:15 - 4:2) Preaching truth often brings persecution (Jer. 11:18-23; Acts 7:51-53) God can be near in the mouth, but far away in the heart (Jer. 12:2; Mt. 15:8; Tit. 1:16) 63 Jeremiah for Today

Stubborn pride and refusal to hear is a problem among Gods people (Jer. 13:10; Mt. 13:13) Do we weep over sin like Jeremiah and Jesus (Jer. 13:17; Lk. 19:41-42) Some go so far into to evil that they will not change (Jer. 13:23; Heb. 6:6) 64 Jeremiah 14 Outline

The coming drought (14:1-6) Jeremiahs first confession (14:7-9) Confession rejected: the coming destruction (14:10-12) Jeremiahs second confession (14:13) Confession rejected: the coming death (14:14-18) Jeremiahs third confession(14:19-22) 65 Jeremiah 15 Outline Jehovahs coming captivity (15:1-14) Captivity is caused (15:1-4) Captivity is deserved (15:5-9) Jeremiahs caring complaint (15:10-21) Jeremiahs complaint of pity (15:10)

Jehovahs promise of assurance (15:11-4) Jeremiahs complaint of pain (15:15-18) Jehovahs promise of deliverance (15:19-21) 66 Jeremiah for Today Gods people need to confess and pray for mercy (Jer. 14:7-9,19-22; Ac. 8:22) Some among Gods people have no knowledge (Jer. 14:18; Eph. 5:17) Wicked influence can be powerful upon Gods people (Jer. 15:4; 1 Cor. 15:33) Preaching Gods word will bring isolation (Jer. 15:15; Acts 7) We need to stand firm when preaching Gods

word (Jer. 15:20; Phil. 1:27) God encourages the discouraged (Jer. 15:2-21; Phil. 4:6-7) 67 Jeremiah 16 Outline Directions for Jeremiah (16:1-13) Do not marry (16:1-4) Do not mourn (16:5-9) Preach to the people (16:10-13) Explanation to Jeremiah (16:14-18) Restoration will come (16:14-15) Punishment will come first (16:16-18) Affirmation by Jeremiah (16:19-21)

Jeremiahs faith (16:19-20) Jehovahs might (16:21) 68 Jeremiah 17 Outline Sin of idolatry (17:1-4) Sin of trusting in man (17:5-8) Sin of ill-gotten gain (17:9-11) Sin of forsaking the Lord (17:12-18) Sin of sabbath breaking (17:19-27) 69 Jeremiah for Today

The Lord looks at the heart, not the hands (Jer. 16:12; Mk. 7:21) God sees all (Jer. 16:17; Lk. 12:2; Heb. 4:13) Dont be deceived by your heart (Jer. 17:9; Eph. 4:22) 70 Jeremiah 18 Outline The Potters Vessel (18:1-17) What he sees: a potter and vessel (18:1-4) What he hears: God is the divine Potter (18:510) What he says: God will soon destroy (18:11-12) What he learns: Judah has forgotten (18:13-17)

The Persecutors Vengeance (18:18-23) The plot against Jeremiah (18:18) The plea of Jeremiah (18:19-23) 71 Jeremiah 19 Outline The Potters Bottle Bought (19:1-9) Jeremiah preaches in Topheth (19:1-9) The Potters Bottle Broken (19:10-15) Jeremiah preaches in Topheth (19:10-13) Jeremiah preaches in the Temple (19:14-15) 72 Topheth in Jeremiah 7:31-32 and 19:6-14

Topheth (fireplace, Isa.30:33) was a high place in the Valley of Hinnom just south of Jerusalem where child sacrifices were offered to Molech 2 Kings 23:10 73 Jeremiah 20 Outline Jeremiahs persecution (20:1-6) Pashhur persecutes (20:1-2)

Pashhur will be persecuted (20:3-6) Jeremiahs passion (20:7-13) Jeremiahs preaching (20:7-10) Jeremiahs praise (20:11-13) Jeremiahs pity (20:14-18) Jeremiah pities the day he was born (20:14-17) Jeremiah pities the day he preaches (20:18) 74 Jeremiah for Today

We are like clay in the potters hand (Jer. 18:6; Rom. 9:21) Gods wants all men to repent (Jer. 18:8; 2 Pet. 3:9) Doing something without Gods expressed permission is unauthorized and sinful (Jer. 19:5; Col. 3:17) God will break all who oppose him like pottery is broken (Jer. 19:11; Rev. 2:27) 75 Jeremiah for Today Preaching brings persecution (Jer. 20:78,10,18; 1 Cor. 4:9-13) We should have a burning desire to preach Gods word (Jer. 20:9; Ac. 4:20; 1 Cor. 9:19-23) 76

Jeremiah 21-22 Outline Zedekiahs Inquiry (21:1-2) Jehovahs Answer (21:3-14) Answer to Zedekiah callous (21:3 22:9) Answer to Jehoahaz hopeless (22:10-12) Answer to Jehoiakim covetous (22:13-23) Answer to Jehoiachin childless (22:24-30) 77 Jeremiah for Today

Rulers need to rule with righteousness (Jer. 21:12; 22:3; 1 Tim. 2:1-2) Why does God punish his people? Because they forsake Gods covenant (Jer. 22:8-9; 2 Pet. 2:2122) Many turn away from hearing God in times of prosperity (Jer. 22:13-14,21; Rev. 3:17) Jesus, as the seed of Coniah, will not reign on the throne of David in Judah, but he will reign in heaven (Jer. 22:30; Mt. 1:11; Ac. 2:30-36; Heb. 8:1; Rev. 3:21) 78 Jeremiah 23 Outline Judgment Against the Wicked Shepherds (23:1-8) Wicked shepherds in the present (23:1-2) Righteous shepherds in the future (23:3-8)

Judgment Against the False Prophets (23:9-40) Their disgraceful conduct (23:9-15) Their dishonest message (23:16-22) Their deceitful methods (23:23-32) Their disrespectful attitude (23:33-40) 79 Portrait of a False Prophet Jeremiah 23:9-40 Immoral (v.10-11,14)

Cause to err (v.13) Strengthen evil (v.14) Human wisdom (v.16) False hope (v.17) Despise God (v.17) Unauthorized (v.21,32) Neglect duty (v.22) Prophesy lies (v.25-26) Turn from God (v.27) Rob Gods word (v.30) Mock true prophets (v.33) 80 Jeremiah 24 Outline

Vision of the Two Baskets of Figs (24:1-3) Meaning of the Two Baskets of Figs (24:4-10) Basket of good figs represent the repentant captives who are taken away (24:4-7) Basket of bad figs represent the unrepentant people who are left behind (24:8-10) 81 Jeremiah for Today Shepherds have a great responsibility to lead in the right way (23:1-2; Ac. 20:28-32)

Jesus is the righteous king (23:5-8; Lk. 1:32-33; 1 Cor. 1:30; 2 Cor. 5:21) False prophets look true, but they cause great trouble (Jer. 23:9ff; 2 Cor. 11:14-15; 2 Thess. 2:9-12; 2 Pet. 2:1ff) Test all teachers (Jer. 23:13; 1 Jn. 4:1-6) 82 Jeremiah for Today Nothing escapes the all-seeing eye of God (Jer. 23:13-14,23-24; Heb. 4:13) Truth can be, and should be separated from error (Jer. 23:28; 1 Jn. 4:6) Gods word is like a fire and a hammer (Jer.

23:29; 2 Cor. 10:4-5; Heb. 4:12) God is not mocked (Jer. 23:33; Gal. 6:7) 83 Jeremiah 25 Outline Judgment upon the Jews (25:1-11) Judgment could have been avoided (25:1-6) Judgment will come (25:7-11) Judgment upon the Gentiles (25:12-38) Judgment upon Babylon (25:12-14) Cup of wrath (25:15-29) Roaring lion (25:30-31) Raging storm (25:32-33) Slaughtered flock (25:34-38) 84

Jeremiah 26 Outline Jeremiah the preacher (26:1-7) Jeremiah the persecuted (26:8-24) The murder plot revealed (26:8-15) The murder plot defeated (26:16-24) 85 Jeremiah for Today Gods judgment is for all (Jer. 25; 1 Pet. 4:17) God is not willing that any perish (25:3-6; 2 Pet.

3:8-9) God is a God of wrath (Jer. 25:15; Rom. 11:22) God wants all his word proclaimed; nothing kept back (Jer. 26:2; Ac. 20:20,27) Gods preachers are sometimes threatened with death (Jer. 26:8; Mt. 21:35-39; 23:34-35; Acts 45,6-8,12,21) Good and honest men will listen to Gods preachers (Jer. 26:18-19; Lk. 8:15) 86 Jeremiah 30-33 Outline The Future Restoration of Jerusalem Restoration to the Land (30:1-24) Restoration of the Nation (31:1-40) Israel restored (31:1-22) Judah restored (31:23-40)

Rebuilding of Jerusalem (32:1-44) Reconfirming of the Covenant (33:1-26) 87 Jeremiah 30-31 Outline Gods Will for Israel I Will cause Israel to return (30:1-3) I Will break Israels bonds (30:4-11) I Will heal Israels wounds (30:12-17) I Will restore Israels glory (30:18-22) I Will punish the wicked in Israel (30:23-24) 88

Jeremiah 30-31 Outline Gods Will for Israel I Will rebuild Israels land (31:1-6) I Will lead Israel back home (31:7-9) I Will turn Israels weeping to joy (31:10-20) I Will call Israel back home (31:21-22) I Will unite Israel as one (31:23-26) I Will will sow Israel with seed (31:27-30) I Will make a new covenant with Israel, and forgive Israel (31:31-34) I Will always have his Israel (38:35-37) I Will will rebuild Israels city (31:38-40)

89 Jeremiah for Today Jesus is our king of David (Jer. 30:9; Lk. 1:30-33; Ac. 2:30) Some do not want Jesus to rule over them (Jer. 30:9; Lk. 19:14) God always judges fairly (Jer. 30:11; Rom. 2:1-11) We are judged according to our deeds and sins (Jer. 30:15; Rom. 2:1-11) We belong to God (Jer. 30:22; 31:33; 2 Cor. 4:16-18) 90 Jeremiah for Today

God rewards the work of the faithful (Jer. 31:18; Heb. 6:10) We must repented with godly sorrow (Jer. 31:19; 2 Cor. 7:7-10) We must take personal responsibility for our sins (Jer. 31:29; Gal. 6:7-8) The New Testament is the new covenant promised by Jeremiah (Jer. 31:31; Heb. 8:8-12) All will know God through teaching (Jer. 31:34; Jn. 6:44-45) 91 Jeremiah 32-33 Outline Jeremiah in Prison

Jeremiahs persecution in prison (32:1-5) Jeremiahs purchase in prison (32:6-15) Jeremiahs prayer in prison (32:16-25) Jeremiahs promise from God in prison (32:26-44) 92 Jeremiah 32-33 Outline Jeremiah in Prison The promise of coming forgiveness and joy (33:1-9) The promise of coming joy and prosperity (33:10-13)

The promise of a coming king and priesthood (33:14-18) The promise of a coming multitude and return (33:19-26) 93 Jeremiah for Today People can imprison Gods servants, but Gods word is not bound (Jer. 32:2; 2 Tim. 2:9) Faith is obeying God in spite of what we see, how we feel, and what may happen (Jer. 32:7,25; Heb. 11:1) Pray to God when you do not fully understand his will for you (Jer. 32:24-25; Phil. 4:6-7; Jas. 1:5-8)

There is nothing too hard for God (Jer. 32:17,26; Mt. 19:26) Latter generations continue in their fathers sins (Jer. 32:18; Mt. 23:32-36) We will be judged according to our ways (Jer. 32:19; Mt. 16:27; Jn. 5:29) 94 Jeremiah for Today God desires wholehearted and united service (Jer. 32:38-39; Jn. 17:21; Acts 4:32) We are cleansed from sin by the blood of Jesus (Jer. 33:8; Heb. 9:11-14) Being forgiven as a Christian brings joy and

peace (Jer. 33:8-9,11; Rom. 14:17,19; Gal. 5:22) We are to bring sacrifices of praise to God (Jer. 33:11; Heb. 13:15) Jesus is the Branch of righteousness (Jer. 33:15-16; 1 Cor. 1:30; 2 Cor. 5:21) Christians are priests of God today (Jer. 33:17,21; 1 Pet. 2:5) 95 Jeremiah 34-45 Outline The Present Fall of Jerusalem Before the Fall (34:1 38:28) Messages before the fall (34:1 36:32) Events before the fall (37:1 38:28) During the Fall (39:1-18)

After the Fall (40:1 - 45:5) Ministry to the remnant (40:1 44:30) Message to Baruch (45:1-5) 96 Jeremiah 34-39 Theme: Disobedience Brings Judgment Jer. 34 Jer. 35 Jer. 36 Zedekiah and People Disobey Did Not Obey Like

Rechabites Disobey Like Jehoiakim 588-87 B.C. 598-97 B.C. 605 B.C. Jer. 37-38 Zedekiah and People Disobey 588-87 B.C. Jer. 39 DisObedience

Brings Judgment 586 B.C. fits the theme but not the chronology 97 Jeremiah 34 Outline Jeremiahs message against Zedekiah (34:1-7) Jeremiahs message against the covenant-breakers (34:8-22) The covenant made (34:8-11) The covenant broken (34:12-16) The covenant-breakers punished (34:17-22) 98

Babylonian Invasion of Judah, 588-587 B.C. 99 Jeremiah 35 Outline The Example of the Rechabites: respect toward and obedience to the fathers commandment (35:1-11) The Example of Judah: disrespect toward and disobedience to the Fathers commandment (35:12-19) 100 Jeremiah 36 Outline

The Word of God revealed to Jeremiah (36:1-3) The Word of God recorded by Baruch (36:4) The Word of God read to the people (36:5-10) The Word of God received by the princes (36:11-19) The Word of God rejected by the king (36:20-26) The Word of God rewritten by Baruch (36:27-32) 101 Jeremiah for Today

When you make a covenant, keep it (Jer. 34:10-11; Rom. 1:31) Hypocritical religion is unacceptable (Jer. 34:15-16; Mt. 15:7-8) With the right attitude, a command can be obeyed long after it is given (Jer. 35:6; Rev. 14:12) Fear is the proper way to respond to Gods word (Jer. 36:16; Heb. 5:7; 11:7) 102 Jeremiah for Today Gods written word is the same as Gods

spoken God (Jer. 36:17-18; 1 Cor. 2:11-13; 2 Tim. 3:16) The same God that proclaims his word, preserves his word. You cannot destroyed the word of God (Jer. 36:23,27-28; 1 Pet. 1:25) Some are calloused toward Gods word (Jer. 36:24-25; Rom. 2:5; Heb. 3:13) 103 Jeremiah 37-38 Outline Exploits of Zedekiah and Jeremiah Zedekiah requests prayer from Jeremiah (37:1-5) Jeremiah responds to the king (37:6-10) Jeremiah is put in prison (37:11-15) Zedekiah requests word from Jeremiah

(37:16-17) Jeremiah responds to the king (37:17-20) Jeremiah is put in the court of the guard (37:21) 104 Jeremiah 37-38 Outline Exploits of Zedekiah and Jeremiah Zedekiah leaves Jeremiah in the hands of evil men (38:1-6) Zedekiah allows Ebed-melech to rescue Jeremiah (38:7-13) Zedekiah requests more words from Jeremiah (38:14-28) 105

Jeremiah 39 Outline Jerusalem captured by the Babylonians (39:1-3) Zedekiah judged by the Babylonians (39:4-10) Jeremiah released by the Babylonians (39:11-14) Ebed-melech protected from the Babylonians (39:16-18) 106 Jeremiah for Today

If we turn away from obeying Gods word, God will not hear our prayer (Jer. 37:2-3; 1 Pet. 3:12) God wants prayer and repentance, not just prayer (Jer. 37:3; Acts 8:24) Gods people can be deceived by the world (Jer. 37:9; Mt. 24:4; Eph. 5:6) God does not change his answer at different times (Jer. 37:3,17; 38:14; 2 Jn. 9; Jude 3) All that would live godly will suffer persecution (Jer. 38:15; Ac. 5:18; 16:23-24) Gods people are often falsely accused of wrong (Jer. 37:18; Ac. 25:8,11,25) 107 Jeremiah for Today

The Ethiopian eunuch acted better than Gods own people (Jer. 38:7-13; 39:16-18; Ac. 8:27) Gods way may seem foolish, but it is the right way (Jer. 38:17-18; 1 Cor. 1:18,21) Fear and peer pressure keep some from obeying the truth (Jer. 38:19-20,24-26; Jn. 12:42; 19:12-13) Gods word always comes true (Jer. 39:6-7; Rom. 3:4) God does not forget acts of faithfulness (Jer. 39:1112,16-18; Heb. 6:10) 108 Jeremiah 40-44 Outline Jeremiah Ministers to the Remnant Jeremiah ministers in Judah (40-42) Jeremiah, the committed prophet (40:1-6)

Gedaliah, the faithful governor (40:7-17) Ishmael, the deceitful traitor (41:1-18) Jeremiah, the bold preacher (42:1-22) Jeremiah ministers in Egypt (43-44) Jeremiah, the powerful predictor (43:8-13) Johanan, the hypocritical leader (43:1-7) The Jews, the rebellious remnant (44:1-30) 109 Jeremiahs Journey to Egypt Jeremiah 43-44 Tahpanhes and Migdol (Beth-shemesh) Pathros land of the South

110 Jeremiah for Today Sometimes the sinner knows better than the saint (Jer. 40:2-3; Rom. 2:24) Do people ask you to pray for them? (Jer. 42:2; Jas. 5:16) The same sin of idolatry in Judah was carried to Egypt (Jer. 44:8-10; 1 Jn. 5:21) Some attribute success to the wrong person (Jer. 44:17-19; Lk. 12:16-21) 111

Jeremiah for Today It is important to let God show us the way before acting (Jer. 42:3; Mt. 4:4) We must declare the whole counsel of God, and keep nothing back (Jer. 42:4; Ac. 20:27) We must obey Gods word, whether we like his answer or not (Jer. 42:6) It is hypocritical to promise you will obey, and then do not obey (Jer. 42:20-21; 1 Jn. 2:3-4) The proud resist Gods word (Jer. 43:2,4,7) 112

Jeremiah for Today A large number of Gods people can have a doas-I-please attitude toward Gods word (Jer. 44:16) Gods word will always stand (Jer. 44:28-29) 113 Jeremiah 45 Outline Barach is discouraged (vv. 1-4) Baruch is delivered (v. 5) 114 Jeremiah 46-51 Outline

Gods Judgment on the Nations Judgment upon Egypt for her trust in strength (46:1-28) Judgment upon Philistia for her sins (47:1-7) Judgment upon Moab for her trust in wealth (48:1-47) Judgment upon Ammon for her trust in natural resources and treasures (49:1-6) Judgment upon Edom for her pride and trust in wisdom (49:1-22) 115 Jeremiah 46-51 Outline Gods Judgment on the Nations

Judgment upon Damascus for her trust in youth (49:23-27) Judgment upon Kedar & Hazor for her trust in self and trade (49:28-33) Judgment upon Elam for her sins (49:34-39) Judgment upon Babylon for her pride and trust in strength (50:1 51:64) 116 Jeremiah for Today All nations will stand before Gods judgment (Jer. 46:1; Mt. 25:30ff) The day of the Lord is coming for all (Jer. 46:10; 1 Thess. 5:1-3) No sin will go unpunished (Jer. 49:12; Rom. 6:23)

117 Jeremiah 50-51 Outline God declares the war on Babylon (50:1-28) God calls the armies against Babylon (50:29 - 51:32) God announces the victory over Babylon (51:33-58) God delivers the judgment to Babylon (51:59-64) 118 Fallen, Fallen is Babylon

Jeremiah 51:8 Median Empire 539 B.C. 119 Jeremiah for Today Gods Judgment on the Nations Jeremiah 46-51 Some trust in strength (Jer. 46:5-6,15; 48:14,41; 49:22,26,35; 50:36; 51:30,36,53,57; 1 Tim. 4:7-8) Some trust in false gods (Jer. 46:25; 48:35; 50:2,38; 1 Jn. 5:21) Some trust in treasures (Jer. 48:7,36; 49:4; 51:13; 1 Tim. 6:9-10,17-19)

Some are complacent, at ease (Jer. 48:11; 49:31; Rev. 3:17) 120 Jeremiah for Today Gods Judgment on the Nations Jeremiah 46-51 Some are proud (Jer. 48:29-30; 49:16; 50:29; 30-31; 1 Pet. 5:5) Some trust in worldly wisdom (Jer. 49:7; 50:35; 51:57; 1 Cor. 1:18-21) Some rejoice in unrighteousness (Jer. 50:11; 51:34-35; 1 Cor. 13:4-6) Summary: Jer. 50:35-38 121 Jeremiah 52

The Fall of Jerusalem (52:1-23) The fall of Jerusalem caused (52:1-3) The fall of Jerusalems leaders (52:4-11) The fall of Jerusalems city (52:12-16) The fall of Jerusalems temple (52:17-23) The Fallen of Jerusalem (52:24-34) Many captives taken (52:24-30) One captive released (52:31-34) 122 Fall of Jerusalem, 586 B.C. Parallel Accounts 2 K. 24-25 2 Chron. 36 Cause: 24:18-20

Cause: 36:11-16 Siege and capture: 25:1-7 City and temple destroyed: 25:8-12 Temple despoiled: 25:1317 City and temple destroyed: 36:17-21 Jer. 39 Jer. 52 Cause: 52:1-3 Siege and Capture: 39:1-7

Siege and capture: 52:4-11 City and temple destroyed: 39:8-10 City and temple destroyed: 52:12-16 Temple despoiled: 52:1723 123 Fall of Jerusalem, 586 B.C. Parallel Accounts 2 K. 24-25 Gedaliah appointed:

25:22-26 2 Chron. 36 Jer. 39 Jer. 52 Gedaliah appointed: 39:11-14 Ebed-melech protected: 39:15-18 Deportation of captives: 25:18-21 Deportation of captives: 52:24-30

Jehoiachin kindly treated: 25:27-30 (562-560 B.C.) Jehoiachin kindly treated: 52:31-34 (562-560 B.C.) 124 Babylonian Captivity Date Deportation Captives Taken 605 First Nobles, Daniel

(2 K. 24:1; Dan. 1:1-2) (first year)* 597 Second (seventh year)* Jehoiachin, Ezekiel (2 K. 24:12; Jer. 52:28; Ezk. 1:1-2) 586 Third Jerusalem (2 K. 25:8; Jer. 52:29)

(nineteenth year)* 582 Fourth (twenty-third year)* (Minor) Small Group of 745 Jews (Jer. 52:30) * Years of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar 125 Jeremiah for Today

God can get angry (Jer. 52:3; Ezra 5:12; Rom. 2:5; Eph. 5:6; Col. 3:6) One day our eleventh year will come (Jer. 52:5; 1 Thess. 5:1-3) 126 Lamentations Introduction Title Ekhah (How!) in the Hebrew Bible (1:1; 2:1; 4:1) Threnoi (dirges, laments) in the Greek Septuagint (LXX), and Threni (tears, lamentations) in the Latin Vulgate. Lamentations in the English Bible is taken from the Latin Vulgate (2:5). 127 Lamentations Introduction

Authorship Ancient tradition going back to the Septuagint (c. 250 B.C.) attributes the book to Jeremiah The author weeps (1:16; 2:11), and Jeremiah was a weeping prophet (2 Chron. 35:25; Jer. 7:29; 8:21; 9:1,10) The author was an eyewitness to the fall of Jerusalem, and Jeremiah was an eyewitness (Jer. 39; comp. Lam. 2:6,9) There are several similarities between Lamentations and Jeremiah (1:2 [30:14]; 1:15 [8:21]; 1:18 [12:1]; 1:16; 2:11 [9:1,18]; 2:22 [6:25]; 3:48-51 [14:17]; 4:21 [46:25; 49:12]) 128 Lamentations Introduction Date The Babylonian siege of Jerusalem lasted from

January 588 B.C., to July 586 B.C. The temple was burned in August 586 B.C. The book was written soon after Jerusalems fall in 586 B.C. 129 Lamentations Introduction Audience and Purpose The Jews in Babylon who heard about, or who witnessed the capture of their land, the fall of Jerusalem, and the burning of their temple (Jer. 39, 52) The book serves to remind Gods people of (1) the seriousness of mans sin, and (2) the magnitude of Gods wrath, justice, faithfulness and mercy 130 Lamentations Introduction

Theme First, the mourning over Jerusalems destruction Second, the confession of Judahs sins which led to the destruction, and the confession of Gods holiness and justice behind the destruction Third, the mercy and faithfulness of the Lord, and the future hope of a restoration (3:21-26; 5:19ff) Note: Jeremiah weeps over Jerusalem with a tender heart of compassion. He did not have an I-told-you-so attitude 131 Lamentations Introduction Literary Style The entire book of Lamentations contains Hebrew poetry. It is a sad book, a five-poem dirge.

Jeremiah writes his lament in acrostic (alphabetical) style. Each verse begins with a different letter of the Hebrew alphabet, from A (aleph) to T (tau). The Hebrew alphabet changes every three verses in chapter 3, and there is no acrostic pattern in chapter 5. Jeremiah weeps over Jerusalem from A to Z 132 Lamentations Outline The Funeral of A City The Pain of Zions Fall (1) (like a mourning widow) The Plight of Zions Fall (2) (like a weeping daughter) The Purpose of Zions Fall (3) (like an afflicted man) The Pondering of Zions Fall (4)

(like a tarnished gold) The Plea on Behalf of Zions Fall (5) (like a fatherless child) 133 Lamentations 1 Outlined Description of the present condition (1:1-4) Cause of the present condition (1:5-11) Sorrows in the present condition (1:12-19) Enemies of the present condition (1:20-22) 134 Lamentations 2 Outlined

What God has done to Judah (2:1-10) What the afflicted have done to themselves (2:11-14) What the enemies have done to Judah (2:15-17) What the afflicted have done to themselves (2:20-22) 135 Lamentations for Today

We must weep over sin (1:1; Lk. 19:41) Unrepentant sin brings judgment (1:5,8,9,14,22; Heb. 10:26-27) Some are indifferent toward sin and punishment (1:12; Rev. 3:16-17) God is love, but God is also righteous (1:18; Rom. 2:5-8) The Lord can get angry toward his own people (2:1-6; Eph. 5:6; Col. 3:6) 136 Lamentations for Today The Lord (He hath) is behind all judgment (2:1-9; Rev. 17:17) The purpose of preaching is to uncover

iniquity (2:14; 2 Tim. 4:2) God keeps his word (2:17; Tit. 1:2) The day of the Lord is coming (2:21-22; Thess. 5:1-3) 1 137

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