Waste Minimisation and New Developments in Recycling Grace
Waste Minimisation and New Developments in Recycling Grace Ryder, Environmental Consultant, GEP Environmental ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Waste Management Principles Duty of care | Waste Hierarchy | Waste Segregation | Storage of Waste | Compliance documents www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 2
Duty of Care www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 3 Waste Management Principles Duty of Care What is Duty of Care? The legal duty of everybody who has control of waste to ensure that it is managed safely and transferred only to somebody authorized to take it Duty of care applies to anyone who imports, produces, carries, keeps, treats and disposes of controlled waste
www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 4 Waste Hierarchy www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 5 Waste Management Principles Waste Hierarchy Prevention
Re - Use On-site segregation of Recyclable material Order of priority Dry mixed recycling AD/Composting Incineration Landfill www.gepenv.co.uk Consider and materials Reduce thepackaging
amount of waste that isused when procuring generated on-sitegoods and services Office equipment and furniture to waste charities Repurposing or rehousing items of or schools should always be sought first Maximise the number of individual
Paper, cardboard, coffee cups glass etc recyclable waste streams on-site Collect andmixed send to materials recovery Food tins, paper and card, facility corrugated carboard, foil Where possible send waste for composting or
Food waste to an anaerobic digestion facility If incinerating waste a strong consideration should be made to sites that include energy recovery Waste sent to landfill should only be considered as a last resort ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 6 Waste Management Principles Waste Hierarchy Applying the waste hierarchy Onsite Segregation - Clearly labelled bins - Communicate segregation
requirements to staff Prevention Double sided printing Printing restrictions (e.g. printing allowances) Electronic notice boards (emails) Consider sustainable procurement Disposal - Determine the best disposal route for your waste www.gepenv.co.uk Re-use and/or recycle Equipment (e.g. laptops) Scrap paper
Printer cartridges Cardboard Pallets ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 7 Waste Segregation www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 8 Waste Management Principles Waste Segregation
What waste streams should you consider when segregating waste? www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 9 Storage of Waste www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 10
Waste Management Principles Waste Storage Prevent waste escaping Clear descriptions Prevent cross contamination Prevent water damage e.g. rain www.gepenv.co.uk Prevent damage e.g. glass ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 11
Compliance Documentation www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 12 Waste Management Principles Compliance Documentation Waste Transfer Notes Non-Hazardous Waste Your business and the business taking your waste both need to; Fill in the sections of the waste transfer note that apply to you. Sign it.
Keep a copy for 2 years. Show it to an enforcement officer from your local council or the Environment Agency if asked. www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 13 Waste Management Principles Compliance Documentation Waste Consignment Notes Hazardous Waste If your business produces, holds, stores or has hazardous waste removed from its premises you must;
1. Classify your waste 2. Separate and store hazardous waste safely 3. Use authorised businesses to collect, recycle or dispose of your hazardous waste check that waste carriers are registered and waste sites have environmental permits. 4. Fill in the parts of the consignment note that apply to you 5. Keep records for 3 years at the premises that produced or stored the waste. www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 14 Best Practice for - Minimising Waste
- Managing Waste - Creating value from Waste www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 15 Sustainable Procurement www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 16 Best Practice for Managing Waste
Sustainable Procurement Sustainable procurement is the process by which organisations buy assets, supplies or services by taking into account a number of factors including: Value for money Lifecycle of products Environmental Aspects www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Social aspects
Slide: 17 Best Practice for Managing Waste Sustainable Procurement How can you minimise waste by procuring sustainably? Products using less packaging www.gepenv.co.uk Products made from recycled materials, recycled road construction materials ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING
Products that are refurbished therefore extending product life cycle Slide: 18 Sustainable Procurement How to embed sustainable procurement in your business 1. Understand your procurement activity and identify products and/or services procured regularly Improving sustainable procurement in incrementalimpact stages for 2. Consider the
Consider availability and cost of environmentally Timeframe Higher impact Lower environmental impact preferential alternatives 4. Identify responsible product or service provider (e.g. ISO 14001:2015 certified) 5. Define procurement specifications www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 19 Contract Management
www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 20 Contract Management Why should you review your waste contracts? Reduced costs Divert waste from landfill Business sustainability goals Cut greenhouse gas emissions www.gepenv.co.uk
Increasing Legal Requirements ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 21 Contract Management If you would like to get better value from your waste contracts you will need to: 1. Understand how many waste management contracts your organisation has in place 2. Identify how you are charged for waste collections (e.g. per lift, average weight, actual weight) 3. Identify what waste and recycling data is collected internally and/or provided by your waste contractor(s) 4. Determine how much waste you actually need to dispose of on a weekly and/or monthly basis (e.g. per lift, average weight, actual weight)
www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 22 Waste as a resource www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 23 Waste as a Resource Why should you consider waste as a resource? Income generation
Stock Management Cost reductions Staff Engagement Environmental Responsibilities www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Enhanced Reputation Slide: 24 How to use waste as a resource How can your waste be used as a resource? 1. Identify your waste streams and identify those
which could be sold e.g. cardboard, metals 2. Determine the quantity of these waste streams 3. Understand the quality of these waste streams 4. Identify local providers that purchase your specified waste streams 5. Consider sustainable procurement (lifecycle) www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 25 Waste as a Resource examples Adidas & Parley Shell & Bio-Bean - London alone produces 200,000 tonnes of waste coffee grounds every year
- Shell are collaborating with BioBean to help turn coffee waste collected from factories, coffee shops and offices into a sustainable transport fuel. - This fuel would then be used to power London buses www.gepenv.co.uk - Use upcycled plastics from beaches and coastal communities in order to intercept it before it reaches the ocean - Transforms upcycled plastics into high-performance sportswear including; - Trainers - Swimwear ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING
Slide: 26 New Technologies www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 27 Innovation in Waste Management Anaerobic Digestion Input: Organic Waste (e.g. food) Output (i): Biogas => Biomethane => Energy Output (ii): Digestate => Fertiliser Innovation:
Community AD installations to close loops (e.g. setting up food waste collection programmes) Using surplus heat from AD process to dry wood chips that are used for biomass boilers www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 28 Innovation in Waste Management Sorting Technology Physical separation Magnetic separation Targeted jets of air to separate different (e.g. plastics)
Innovation: Medium Infra-Red sorters which sorts paper according to quality Near Infra-Red sorters which sort woods into Cat A (clean) and Cat B (industrial) wood www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING Slide: 29 Summary: Next Steps (Top Tips) Waste Minimisation and New Developments in Recycling 1. Understand your duty of care when it comes to waste generated in your business 2. Apply the waste hierarchy
3. Segregate and store waste effectively 4. Understand your waste contracts 5. Identify waste you could sell to generate more income 6. Investigate new technologies in waste management and disposal www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING 30 Slide: 30 Thank you for listening www.gepenv.co.uk www.gepenv.co.uk ENERGY | ENVIRONMENT | TRAINING
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