Culture Joshua Phelps February 28th 2005 Lecture Outline

Culture Joshua Phelps February 28th 2005 Lecture Outline

Culture Joshua Phelps February 28th 2005 Lecture Outline Introduction to Culture Culture and Social Psychology Social Psychological Concepts and

Variations across Cultures Acculturation My Research Conclusion Exam Question Sammenlign individualistiske og

kollektivistiske kulturer med utgangspunkt i ulike sosialpsykologiske fenomener. What is Culture? The shared way of life of a group of people, including their artifacts (such as social institutions and technology) and their

symbols (such as communications and myths) (Berry et al., 2002). Norwegian Culture Globalization and Norwegian Culture

Culture and Psychology Questions (Hogg & Vaughan, 2005) Are Western psychological theories valid in other countries? Are there psychological constructs that are culture specific?

How can we evolve a psychology with universal relevance? Types of Psychologists dealing with Culture Cross-Cultural Cultural Intercultural

Universal vs. Culture-Specific Behavior Etic-emic distinction Etic Approach (Universal Constructs) Emic Approach (Culture Specific)

Universals Berry et al. (2002): Positions, roles, sanctions, norms Aberle (1950): Prerequisites of Society Universals Fiske (1993): Relational Theory

Communal Sharing Authority Ranking Equality Matching Market Pricing Cultural Variations in Behavior Norms

Greetings Eating Habits Dress Amae: Japanese passive love Emic Construct Culture and Social Psychology

History of Neglect Culture Bound Culture Blind Culture and Social Psychology The Cultural Matrix of Social Psychology (Fiske, Kitayama, Markus, & Nisbett, 1998)

Culture Essential for Survival Psychological Processes Linked and Bound to Culture Matrix Figure Values

Hofstede (1980) Power Distance-Egalitarianism Uncertainty Avoidance Masculinity-Feminity Individualism/Collectivism Schwartz (1992 & 1997)

Openness to Change vs. Conservatism Self-Enhancement vs. Self-Transcendence Individualism/Collectivism Individualism: societal structure and world view in which people prioritize standing out as an individual over fitting in as a group member

Collectivism: societal structure and world view in which people prioritize group loyalty, commitment and conformity, and belonging and fitting-in to groups over standing out as an isolated individual Break Exercise

Hvem er jeg? 5 sentences to describe yourself Hvem er jeg? Western Independent Self I am optimistic.

Interdependent Self I am Joshs friend. I play football on weekends Cultural variations in social psychological principles The Self

Markus and Kitayama (1991): Independent vs. Interdependent Self Figure Evaluation and Self Esteem Attribution

Cultural variations in social psychological principles Conformity Prosocial Behavior Cognitive Dissonance What Happens when Cultures Meet? Intercultural Contact

Acculturation Changes in a cultural group or individual as a result of contact with another cultural group (Berry et al., 2002) Acculturation Strategies Individual Strategies

Assimilation, Integration, Marginalization, Separation Societal Strategies Melting Pot, Multiculturalism, Marginalization, Exclusion

Figure Other Issues and Intercultural Contact Culture Change and Cultural Diversity Intercultural Conflict Identity, Identity Confusion, and Identity Threat

Intergroup Behavior Stereotypes and Prejudice Discrimination Video Bend it Like Beckham

My Research Involvements Masters Dissertation: Resistance to Persuasion: Principle of Social Proof Attitudes toward Illegal Immigrants Ideology and Language in the Public Discourse Acculturation Strategies among Pakistani

immigrants Conclusion Culture Interest in Social Psychology Feedback

Questions [email protected] For Exam or Future Sources Hogg & Vaughan (2005). Social Psychology

Berry, Poortinga, Segall, & Dasan (2002). Cross-Cultural Psychology. Research and Applications. Fiske et al. (1998). The Cultural Matrix of Social Psychology

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