World War I Section 1 Section 1 World War I The Great War Begins Preview Starting Points Map: European Alliances and Military Forces Main Idea / Reading Focus
Europe on the Brink of War Quick Facts: Causes of World War I War Breaks Out Fighting in 1914
Faces of History: Kaiser Wilhelm II Map: World War I Battles, 1914 World War I Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Section 1 Section 1
World War I The Great War Begins Main Idea Europe in 1914 was on the brink of war. After an assassination, the nations of Europe were drawn one by one into what would be called the Great War, or World War I. Reading Focus Why was Europe on the brink of war in 1914? Why did war break out? What were the results of the fighting in 1914? Section 1 World War I
Europe on the Brink of War Rising tensions in Europe, 1914 Tensions result of four factors Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism Section 1 World War I Europe on the Brink of War Militarism Alliances Massive military buildup in
European countries, late 1800s and early 1900s Nations formed partnerships to protect against opposing forces Wanted to protect overseas colonies from other nations Growing power of armed forces left all sides ready to act at first sign of trouble Minor disagreements had potential to turn to armed conflict Triple Alliance united Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Great Britain joined France, Russia in Triple Entente Believed no one nation would attack another, because allies would join fight Section 1 World War I Europe on the Brink of War Imperialism Late 1800s and early 1900s saw quest to build empires Created rivalry, ill will among European nations Germany, France, Russia, Great Britain vied to become
great imperial nations Each did not want others to gain power Nationalism Strong devotion to ones national group or culture, increased in late 1800s Led to formation of new countries, struggles for power Most visible in Balkan Peninsula, southeastern Europe Home to many ethnic groups trying to break free from Ottoman Empire Section 1
World War I Europe on the Brink of War Some of strongest nationalist tensions in Balkans in Serbia, independent nation Serbian leaders wanted to expand borders, unite people in greater Serbia Austria-Hungary, powerful empire to north, opposed expansion Feared growth might encourage ethnic groups there to rebel Tensions continued to rise in early 1900s World War I Section 1
Section 1 World War I Summarize Why was Europe on the brink of war in 1914? Answer(s): rising tensions as result of militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism Section 1 World War I War Breaks Out In the midst of the tensions with Serbia, archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary decided to visit the Bosnian city of Sarajevo.
The Impact Serbian Gavrilo Princip assassinated archduke, wife Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia Russia prepared to support Serbia Austria-Hungary ally Germany saw Russia as threat Germany declared war on Russia, ally France Fighting Begins Germany faced war on two fronts: Russia to east, France to west Decided to strike France quickly then move to Russia
Began with quick strike into neutral Belgium Attack on neutral country led Great Britain to declare war on Germany Section 1 World War I War Breaks Out Main players in World War I in place Central Powers Germany
Austria-Hungary Allied Powers Great Britain France Russia
Serbia Section 1 World War I Sequence What events led to the outbreak of World War I? Answer(s): Serbian Gavrilo Princip killed Austrian Archduke Ferdinand and his wife; Germany (an ally of Austria-Hungary) declared war on Russia (an ally of Serbia); Germany attacked Belgium; Great Britain declared war on Germany Section 1 World War I
Fighting in 1914 Germanys plan Germany wanted to quickly defeat France, move east to fight Russia Great Britains declaration of war on Germany doomed its plan The Great War became bloody stalemate Early battles Battle of the Frontiers pitted German troops against both French and British Both sides suffered heavy losses Germany victorious Russia enters fighting Russia attacked German territory from the east Russians defeated in Battle of Tannenberg Germany distracted from France, Allies turned on German invaders World War I
Section 1 Section 1 World War I Fighting in 1914 Trench warfare begins Allied troops drove Germans back, Battle of the Marne, September 1914 Retreating Germans dug series of trenches along Aisne River Waited in trenches for Allied attack Trenches elaborately constructed, cleverly concealed Allies dug trenches of their own Major battles for months with little change in positions
Deadlocked region became known as Western Front World War I Section 1 Section 1 World War I Summarize What were the major events of the fighting in 1914? Answer(s): Germany advanced through Belgium to attack France; Russia attacked East Prussia; Russians crushed in Battle of Tannenberg; British and French forces regrouped; millions died or were wounded; trench warfare resulted in a
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