Poetry Unit What is poetry? ay of oat. w a thr y is r e t h e t
o y P life b t g n i tak os r F t r e
--Rob Poetry is language at its most distilled and most powerful.Rita Dove not f i g n i s noth i
y age r t u e g n Po a l nt i n e m
i r e exp ens v e t S e Wallac If I read a book and it makes my whole body so cold no fire ever can warm me I know that
is poetry. If I feel physically as if the top of my head were taken off I know that is poetry. These are the only ways I know of. --Emily Dickinson Poetry is the rhythmical creation of beauty in words. --Edgar Allen Poe Po Su etry J nday is tru t
os ep cloth h in h R es its ou . x ot n , gs ng i n i
e s b cumm i y . tr Poe g.--e.e n doi Where do we find it? Nursery Rhymes g
n o S ic L yr Film ls Commercia Adve rt
isem ents Film Greeting Cards s TPCASTT Poetry Analysis Strategy What is TPCASTT?
There are seven steps in the TPCASTT process. TPCASTT is an acronym of steps used to analyze poetry. The results of TPCASTT can be used to write an essay. T = Title Ponder the title before reading the poem Look at the title and attempt to predict what the poem will be about. Using the sample in front of you, lets do this step now. P = Paraphrase
Translate the poem into your own words Make sure you understand the literal plot of the poem. Write notes in the margin beside each major section of the poem so you can review these later C = Connotation Think about the poems meaning beyond the literal level. Look for any and all poetic devices and try to see how those devices contribute to the meaning, the effect or both of the poem. Metaphor, simile, personification, alliteration, onomatopoeia,
rhythm, rhyme, symbolism, form, point of view, imagery, allusions, diction, etc. Analyze your sample poem now. Circle these devices and make margin notes about their meanings. A = Attitude Observe both the speakers attitude and the poets attitude (this may or may not be clear). This is TONE. Remember that these attitudes will probably shift or be mixed in the poem. Label all you see, especially if you see a
shift. S = Shift Note shifts in speakers or attitudes See your handout for more information about indicators of shifts Are there any shifts in the poem before you? T = Title (again) Re-examine the title. Try to see how the title fits with the work as a whole. This time, you are interpreting the title, not just predicting or looking at it literally.
T = Theme Determine what the poet is saying. Identify the theme by recognizing the human experience, motivation, or condition of the poem. One work may have several possible themes Alliteration is the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words Hear the loud alarum bells-Brazen bells! What a tale of terror, now, their turbulency tells! --Edgar Allen Poe, "The Bells" Swing low, sweet chariot,
Comin' for to carry me home --Traditional Spiritual Onomatopoeia The use of words to imitate sounds is called onomatopoeia. Examples: bam, bang, bing, boom, buzz, crackle, clang, clatter, creak, ding, dong, fizz, glug, growl, grunt, gurgle, howl, hum, knock, meow, moan, murmur, neigh, oink, ping, pong, pop, plop, rip, roar, slap, smack, snap, squawk, thud, tweet, wham, whiz, whoosh, yawn, yelp, and zoom Alka-Seltzer Slogan: Plop, plop fizz, fizzoh what a relief it is! Mazada Motors Slogan: "Zoom Zoom"
A metaphor is a comparison that states one thing is another. Metaphors can be direct, implied , or extended. Label the following direct or implied: a. Lucys eyes are shining green jewels. b. The highway snakes through the jungle. c. Life is a one-way street. d. The river of love flows over all obstacles. A simile is a comparison of two unlike things using like, as , or resembles. Examples:
Love is like a thorny rose. Love is as sweet as honey. Love resembles fragile glass. Hope is like the budding flower. Hope is as constant as a rising tide. Personification is giving human characteristics to an inanimate object. Examples: The cherry trees stand and wear white Sorrow knocks Ambition calls
Form refers to the length and placement of lines and the way they are grouped into stanzas. A stanza consists of two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme. Types of stanzas: Couplets - Couplets are stanzas of only two lines which usually rhyme Tercets - Tercets are stanzas of three lines. The three lines may or may not have the same end rhyme. If all three lines rhyme, this type of tercet is called a triplet. Quatrains - Quatrains are stanzas of four lines which can be written in any rhyme scheme.
Rhyme is the repetition of the sound of a stressed vowel and all sounds that follow them. Internal rhyme occurs within lines of poetry. End rhyme occurs at the end of lines. Exact rhyme is a perfect rhyme. Approximate rhymes arent exact but are close. Practice: Determine if each line is exact or approximate
and whether it uses internal or end rhyme. a. A cat chased a mouse Into a giant house. b. I wouldnt like to know If I shouldnt go. c. I wish my little brother Would bring a glass of water. d. The magician put the rabbit Out of our vision for a minute. Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem or in a verse of a poem. Example: Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening
Whose woods these are I think I know, His house is in the village though. He will not see me stopping here, To watch his woods fill up with snow. A A B A My Papas Waltz by Theodore Roethke The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy;
But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself. The hand that held my wrist Was battered on one knuckle; At every step you missed My right ear scraped a buckle. You beat time on my head With a palm caked hard by dirt, Then waltzed me off to bed Still clinging to your shirt.
Lyric Poetry A lyric poem is a short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts on a subject. Characteristics: A sense of rhythm and melody Imaginative language Exploration of a single feeling or thought Sonnet A sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines, usually of ten syllables each, that follows any of several specific rhyme schemes; often about romantic love
The Shakespearean sonnet has a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg ( 3 quatrains and 1 couplet) Written in iambic pentameter (five units of iambs per line) Ballad A ballad is a traditional poem that was meant to be sung or read aloud and that usually tells a simple story. Theme from Gilligans Island Just SIT right BACK and youll HEAR a TALE, A TALE of a FATEful TRIP That STARted FROM this TROpic PORT A-BOARD this TIny SHIP.
Line Breaks End-stopped lines show the natural pause in speech with a period, semicolon, comma, etc. The same night whitening the same trees. We, of that time, are no longer the same. Enjambed lines continue to the next line South of the bridge on Seventeenth I found back of the willows one summer day a motorcycle with engine running Assonance-repetition of vowel sounds in words that do not rhyme We could find the end of the road, meet
the sky on out Seventeenth Consonance-repetition of consonant sounds within and at the ends of words Softly, in the dusk, a woman is singing to me, Taking me back down the vista of years, till I see Repetition-a sound, word, phrase or line that is repeated I loved her, and sometimes she loved me too. She loved me, sometimes I loved her too. Rhythm: Music in Speech Rhythm is the alternation of stressed and unstressed sounds that make the voice rise and fall. Poets have a choice:
Meter- a strict rhythmic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line of poetry OR Free verse-loose kind of rhythm in which the sounds of the long phrases are balanced against the sounds of the short phrases. Sounds more like natural speech.
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