POETRY - dlb.sa.edu.au

POETRY - dlb.sa.edu.au

more Poetry techniques More Poetry Techniques Imagery Concrete words Figures of speech Symbols Allusion Irony Parody Satire Imagery Imagery is language that causes the reader / listener to imagine something It is the use of vivid imaginative language - literal (concrete) or figurative (metaphoric) - to represent objects, actions, or ideas It is used in poetry and in prose and normally involves the

senses sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell It generates a set of mental pictures or images of things or events: e.g. "He could still hear the wind howling in his imagination" Imagery - Vivid Literal Language To create images with words writers use vivid literal, concrete words: emotive and descriptive words; nouns adjectives, verbs and adverbs Nouns names of things Adjectives describe things Verbs actions and feelings Adverbs qualify verbs The gaunt girl galloped gleefully Imagery Figurative Language Writers and speakers use figurative language figures of speech - to make their work more interesting They play with words to create

an image in the audiences mind or to add humour to their work Examples are: Similes Metaphors Personification Idioms Proverbs Adages Allusion Symbols He went off like a fire cracker Imagery Figurative Language Metaphors and Idioms Affirmation Lyrics Savage Garden I believe the sun should never set upon an argument I believe we place our happiness in other people's hands I believe that junk food tastes so good because it's bad for you I believe your parents did the best job they knew how to do I believe that beauty magazines promote low self esteem I believe I'm loved when I'm completely by myself alone I believe in Karma what you give is what you get returned

I believe you can't appreciate real love 'til you've been burned I believe the grass is no more greener on the other side I believe you don't know what you've got until you say goodbye I believe you can't control or choose your sexuality I believe that trust is more important than monogamy I believe your most attractive features are your heart and soul I believe that family is worth more than money or gold I believe the struggle for financial freedom is unfair I believe the only ones who disagree are millionaires I believe in Karma what you give is what you get returned I believe you can't appreciate real love 'til you've been burned I believe the grass is no more greener on the other side I believe you don't know what you've got until you say goodbye I believe forgiveness is the key to your own happiness I believe that wedded bliss negates the need to be undressed I believe that God does not endorse TV evangelists I believe in love surviving death into eternity I believe in Karma what you give is what you get returned I believe you can't appreciate real love 'til you've been burned

I believe the grass is no more greener on the other side Imagery Figurative Language Metaphors and repetition Pink Floyd Another Brick In The Wall Daddy's home cross the Ocean. Leaving just a memory. The snapshot in the Family album. Daddy what else did you leave for me? Damn It! What did you leave behind for me? All in all it was just a brick in the wall. All in all it was all just bricks in the wall. We don't need no education. We don't need no thought control. No dark sarcasm in the classroom. Teacher leave the kids alone. Hey, teacher leave the kids alone! All in all it's just another brick in the wall. All in all you're just another brick in the wall We don't need no education. We don't need no thought control. No dark sarcasm in the classroom. Teachers leave those kids alone. Hey, Teacher leave those kids alone! All in all you're just another brick in the wall. All in all you're just another brick in the wall. crowd noise I don't need no arms around me.

And I don't need no drugs to calm me. I have seen the writing on the wall. Don't think I'll need anything at all. No, don't think I'll need anything at all. All in all it was just a bricks in the wall. All in all it was just bricks in the wall. Imagery Appealing to the senses LOOKS LIKE SOUNDS LIKE SMELLS LIKE FEELS LIKE TASTES LIKE Name your topic in the centre then write as many interesting words or phrases that you can to describe how it affects the senses Imagery - Allusion Allusion is a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art or a casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event When referring to texts it is also known as

intertextuality or an intertextual reference Many songs use allusion It adds interest and imagery: if the audience understands the reference they can easily imagine and understand the connection Imagery Allusion Hey Leonardo (She Likes Me For Me) by Blessid Union Of Souls Lyrics: She don't care about my car She don't care about my money And that's real good cause I don't got a lot to spend But if I did it wouldn't mean nothin' She likes me for me Not because I look like Tyson Beckford With the charm of Robert Redford Oozing out my ears But what she sees Are my faults and indecisions My insecure conditions And the tears upon the pillow that I shed She don't care about my big screen Or my collection of DVDs Things like that just never mattered much to her Plus she don't watch too much TV And she don't care that I can fly her To places she ain't never been But if she really wants to go I think deep down she knows that All she has to say is when

She likes me for me Not because I hang with Leonardo Or that guy who played in 'Fargo' I think his name is Steve She's the one for me And I just can't live without her My arms belong around her Gazing at the ceiling As we entertain our feelings in the dark The things that we're afraid of Are gonna show us what we're made of in the end She likes me for me Not because I sing like Pavorotti Or because I'm such a hottie I like her for her Not because she's phat like Cindy Crawford She has got so much to offer Why does she waste all her time with me There must be something there that I don't see She likes me for me Not because I'm tough like Dirty Harry Make her laugh just like Jim Carrey I'm like the Cable Guy But what she sees Is that I can't live without her Imagery Allusion 1985 BOWLING FOR SOUP LYRICS [Originally by SR-71]

Woohoohoo Woohoohoo Debbie just hit the wall She never had it all One Prozac a day Husband's a CPA Her dreams went out the door When she turned twenty four Only been with one man What happen to her plan? She was gonna be an actress She was gonna be a star She was gonna shake her ass On the hood of white snakes car Her yellow SUV is now the enemy Looks at her average life And nothing has been alright since Bruce Springsteen, Madonna Way before Nirvana There was U2 and Blondie And music still on MTV Her two kids in high school They tell her that shes uncool Cause she's still preoccupied With 19, 19, 1985 Woohoohoo (1985) Woohoohoo Shes seen all the classics She knows every line

Breakfast Club, Pretty in Pink Even Saint Elmos Fire She rocked out to Wham Not a big Limp Bizkit fan Thought shed get a hand On a member of Duran Duran Wheres the mini-skirt made of snake skin And whos the other guy that's singing in Van Halen When did reality become T.V. Whatever happened to sitcoms, game shows (on the radio was) Springsteen, Madonna Way before Nirvana There was U2 and Blondie And music still on MTV Her two kids in high school They tell her that shes uncool Cause she's still preoccupied With 19, 19, 1985 Woohoohoo She hates time make it stop When did Motley Crue become classic rock? And when did Ozzy become an actor? Please make this stop Stop! And bring back

Springsteen, Madonna Way before Nirvana There was U2 and Blondie And music still on MTV Her two kids in high school They tell her that shes uncool Cause she's still preoccupied With 1985 IMAGERY - SYMBOLS A symbol is an object that is used to represent something else A white dove symbolises peace The red rose is a symbol of love LITERARY TECHNIQUES - IRONY 1. VERBAL IRONY - When a person says one thing but means the opposite e.g. Saying You look happy today to someone who looks miserable. 2. SITUATIONAL IRONY When there is a difference between what is expected and what actually happens. e.g .As in the Lyrics from Ironic by Alanis Morrisette An old man turned ninetyeight, he won the lottery and died the next day It's a death row pardon two minutes too late It's a free ride when you've already paid 3. DRAMATIC IRONY A literary technique in which the audience can perceive a hidden meaning unknown to the character. e.g. As in Macbeth: when Duncan approaches Macbeths castle it is ironic that he says to Banquo, This castle hath a pleasant seat because we know that the Macbeths are plotting his death.

Irony has three main effects in literature: 1. To show folly in an amusing way 2. As a form of criticism and to show anger 3. To show the tragedy or sadness of a situation LITERARY TECHNIQUES - IRONY Artist: Alanis Morissette Song: Ironic Lyrics An old man turned ninety-eight He won the lottery and died the next day It's a black fly in your Chardonnay It's a death row pardon two minutes too late Isn't it ironic ... don't you think Chorus It's like rain on your wedding day It's a free ride when you've already paid It's the good advice that you just didn't take Who would've thought ... it figures Mr. Play It Safe was afraid to fly He packed his suitcase and kissed his kids good-bye He waited his whole damn life to take that flight And as the plane crashed down he thought 'Well isn't this nice...' And isn't it ironic ... don't you think Repeat Chorus It's like rain on your wedding day It's a free ride when you've already paid It's the good advice that you just didn't take Who would've thought ... it figures

Well life has a funny way of sneaking up on you When you think everything's okay and everything's going right And life has a funny way of helping you out when You think everything's gone wrong and everything blows up In your face It's a traffic jam when you're already late It's a no-smoking sign on your cigarette break It's like ten thousand spoons when all you need is a knife It's meeting the man of my dreams And then meeting his beautiful wife And isn't it ironic... don't you think A little too ironic... and yeah I really do think... Repeat Chorus It's like rain on your wedding day It's a free ride when you've already paid It's the good advice that you just didn't take Who would've thought ... it figures Life has a funny way of sneaking up on you Life has a funny, funny way of helping you out Helping you out LITERARY TECHNIQUES - PARODY A comic imitation of

a particular writers style. It is funny because it presents elements of the original in a humorous way The following poem, Icarus Allsorts is a parody of Sing a Song of Sixpence it also a play on words alluding the Greek God Icarus Sing a Song of Sixpence Sing a song of sixpence a pocket full of rye, Four and twenty blackbirds baked in a pie. When the pie was opened the birds began to sing, Oh wasn't that a dainty dish to set before the king? The king was in his counting house counting out his money, The queen was in the parlour eating bread and honey The maid was in the garden hanging out the clothes, When down came a blackbird and pecked off her nose! Parody Irony and Satire Satire: The use of humour, parody and irony, to highlight the shortcomings of people, societies and nations with the intent to ridicule them. Icarus Allsorts Roger McGough A little bit of heaven fell

From out the sky one day It landed in the ocean Not so very far away The general at the radar screen Rubbed his hands in glee And grinning pressed the button That started World War Three. From every corner of the earth Bombs began to fly There were even missile jams No traffic lights in the sky In the time it takes to blow your nose The people fell, the mushrooms rose. 'House!' cried the fat lady As the bingo hall moved to various parts of the town 'Raus!' cried the German butcher as his shop came tumbling down. Phillip was in the counting house Counting out his money The Queen was in the parlour Eating bread and honey When through the window Flew a bomb And made them go all funny In the time it takes to draw a breath Or eat a toadstool, instant death. The rich Huddled outside the doors of their fallout

shelters Like drunken carol singers The poor Clutching shattered televisions And at last week's editions of T.V Times (but the very last) Civil defence volunteers With their tin hats in one hand And their heads in the other C.N.D supporters Their ban the bomb badges beginning to rust Have scrawled 'I told you so' in the dust . A little bit of heaven fell From out of the sky one day It landed in Vermont North-eastern USA The general at the radar screen He should have got the sack But that wouldn't bring Three thousand million, seven hundred, and sixty-eight people back, Would it?

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