DO NOW Pick up notes. Get out Changes of State homework. ChillinOut lab is due tomorrow. PHASE CHANGES Two Ways to Show Them: 1. Heating Curve 2. Phase Diagram PHASE CHANGES
A HEATING CURVE shows how temperature and energy are related. A PHASE DIAGRAM shows how temperature and pressure are related. HEATING CURVE
A graph of temperature and energy Depicts four phase changes melting, freezing, vaporization, and condensation. HEATING CURVE A.
B. As heat is supplied, the heat increases the Kinetic Energy of the molecules. When the substance reaches the melting point, all heat being supplied is used to change the phase (potential energy change). Temperature will not change until the phase is complete.
HEATING CURVE C. When the phase change is complete, heat again raises the kinetic energy of the molecules, temperature changes and increases to the boiling point. D. All heat is used the change the phase. Same as B. E. The phase is changing temperature. Same as A and C.
HEATING CURVE HEATING CURVE Diagonal: phase is warming or cooling Plateau: all heat energy is being used
the change the phase; to weaken the IMFs. THERE IS NO TEMPERATURE CHANGE DURING A PHASE CHANGE. PHASE DIAGRAM A graph of temperature and pressure.
Depicts six phase changes melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, deposition, and sublimation. Phase diagram for a substance other than water. PHASE DIAGRAM
Triple Point - all three phases are at equilibrium Tm - normal melting / freezing point at STP Tb - normal boiling point at STP STP stands for Standard Temperature and Pressure.
PHASE DIAGRAM Critical Point the highest temperature for a vapor and liquid at equilibrium; the intersection of critical pressure (D) and critical temperature. At the critical point, particles of water in the gas phase are moving very, very rapidly. At any temperature higher than that, the gas phase cannot be made to
liquefy, no matter how much pressure is applied to the gas. PHASE DIAGRAM Note: The vapor pressure of water ice never rises about 0.006 atm (0.61 kPa). Above the critical point (critical temperature), there
is no distinction between a liquid and a gas. PHASE DIAGRAMS PHASE DIAGRAM
Pressure y axis Temperature x axis Shows all 6 phase changes Shows equilibrium temperatures and pressures for all phase changes
HEATING CURVE Temperature y axis Heat over time x axis Shows only 4 phase changes Shows plateaus for the phase changes and diagonals for the changes in
temperature. PHASE DIAGRAM VS. HEATING CURVE PHASE DIAGRAM QUESTIONS TO DO Work on Phase Diagram and heating
Curve handout due tomorrow. Work on Chillin Out lab due tomorrow.
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