Personal Safety and Alert Device - Old Dominion University
Personal Alert and Safety System CS 410 Blue Group Brittany Dufort, Daniel Cox, Marcus Henry, Braden Gibson, Ray Bland, Jon Szewczak 2/25/20 1 Gene Gene Price Price General General Manager Manager Brittany Brittany Dufort Dufort
Project Project Manager Manager Marcus Marcus Henry Henry Jon Jon Szewczak Szewczak Hardware Hardware Developmen Developmen t, t, Financial Financial
Specialist Specialist Hardware Hardware Developmen Developmen t, t, Financial Financial Specialist Specialist Daniel Daniel Cox Cox Assistant Assistant Manager, Manager, Web Web
Developer Developer Braden Braden Gibson Gibson Software Software Developmen Developmen t, t, Public Public Outreach Outreach 2/25/20 Ray Ray Bland Bland
Database Database Specialist, Specialist, Public Public Outreach Outreach 2 Background In times of need people call 9-1-1 for emergency assistance. Personal Crimes (i.e. Robberies, Assaults) Accidents and/or Injuries Existing security paradigms rely on verbal communication with people in need which usually comes after the event has occurred.
During a personal crime the victim often cannot call 9-1-1 for fear of aggravating the assailant. 2/25/20 3 Response Time U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/cvus07. pdf Page 115, Table 107
2/25/20 4 Societal Problem In the event of a personal crime or emergency, security professionals at higher education, business and civil complexes need an effective way to allow individuals to quickly and silently communicate their location to first responders. 2/25/20 5 Proposed Solution Individuals would be equipped with a key fob. Pressing a button or combination of buttons would trigger an alert at a security dispatch
center. The alert would be repeated every 30 seconds until first responders reset the unit. 2/25/20 6 How It Would Work Through a series of transceivers that signal would be translated to dispatch. When a fob button(s) is pushed a signal would be sent out.
The dispatch station will have a graphic user interface that maps the location of the emergency beacon. Once activated the fob would automatically repeat its broadcast until reset by responders. Dispatch would route a responder at a high priority to assess the situation.
2/25/20 7 Benefits of Solution Aids in improving response time First responders do not need location information from victims. Victims do not have to fumble around for a cell phone and dial a number; a button push is all that is required to summon aid. If the victim is moving (i.e. on the run), the system will report their movement. Based on proven technology. Could act as a deterrent. 2/25/20 8 Competition
PASS Safety Alarms Centurion Guardian Medical Alert Alarms Handheld Device Expandabl e Long Range Silent Alarm Location Info
a a a a a a a a r r r r a*
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* With vendor assistance only and requires software upgrade ** Maximum number of repeaters (300) limits coverage area *** Only if preprogrammed messages include a location 2/25/20 9 Determining Customer Many possible customers: Universities or Colleges Business complexes (i.e. Google, Microsoft, Intel, Trump Tower) Civil complexes (i.e. the Capitol Building) Scoping Issues The initial focus will be on Universities. 2/25/20 10 Old Dominion University
Prime Candidate Spends approximately $262,000.00 on security every year.1 Personnel, Security Devices, etc. In 20082 10 personal crimes on campus 2 in residence halls 4 off campus 46 in the surrounding neighborhoods That averages 1 crime per week for the entire year. 1. Virginia.gov - Commonwealth Data Point 2. ODU Police Department Crime Statistics 2/25/20 11 Old Dominion University Refer to the handout to
match up locations with crime descriptions. Wilson, Patrick. Robbery Crimes At Or Near Campus.The Virginian-Pilot 03 Nov. 2010. 09 Nov. 2010: B3 . 2/25/20 12 Old Dominion University The interest in the concept is very high. In October two team members met with ODU Police officials. Officials displayed remarkable enthusiasm
2/25/20 13 Technical Aspects Radio based Key fob alert units (approx. 100 range) Transceivers stationed to give maximum coverage to the most logical areas Transceivers would serve as signal relays Possible solar power option for transceivers 2/25/20 14 Technical Aspects (continued) A master receiver which would interface with the Master Control Unit (server) at a dispatch station.
A software suite Graphic User Interface for Dispatch Personnel Master Control Unit Software Triangulation Database Signal Processing 2/25/20 15 Data Flow Master Receiver Key Fob Signal Sent Wired Wired Power Power Long
Long Range Range Wireless Transceiver Signal Received Relay to another transceiv er Master Control Unit Server Server Decodes Decodes Received Received Message Message Packet
Packet Queries Database Queries Database Triangulates Triangulates Position Position Wireless Transceiver Signal Transmitted Prefix Prefix Appended Appended If If None None Exists Exists No In Range
of Master Receive r Yes Database 2/25/20 Graphic User Interface Location Location of of Signal Signal Data Data About About User User
16 Database Schema 2/25/20 17 Graphic User Interface Web Application Uses Google Maps API or some other mapping utility Reports location of victim Allows for notations about alert Allows for easy transceiver health pole. Demo 2/25/20 18
Milestones Phase 1 Defining System Requirements Approach ODU Define Budget Requirements Prototype Acquire Hardware and Setup for Concept Test Develop Basic Software Package Based on Requirements Perform Test and Analyze Phase 1 WBS 2/25/20 19 Milestones Phase 2 Finalize Hardware Designs Finalize Software Designs Complete Production Drawings Develop Documentation Based on Final
Designs Seek New Customers Review Budget and Establish Requirements for Continuation Phase 2 WBS Phase 2 WBS (continued) 2/25/20 20 Milestones Phase 3 & Beyond Begin Production (subcontracted) Receive Production Units Complete Full System Tests Complete Documentation Ship to Customer Continue Marketing and Business Development Establish Support Center
Risks Cost to Customer Effective marketing Universities could seek grants and incorporate cost into student fees. Initial Cost Outlay Cost effective suppliers Venture capitalist funding Partnering with a larger firm 2/25/20 24 Risks (continued) Radio Signal Interference Control Unit / Server software to ensure no false signals Make use of the repeated signal System Maintenance Low maintenance designs to include solar
power options and rugged enclosures. System Malfunction (i.e. Fails to Send Alert) Make sure that a disclaimer is prominently displayed 2/25/20 25 Risks (continued) False Alarms Enact policies stipulating penalties for misuse Include as part of a Universities Honor Code System Abuse A Fob will be de-authorized upon being lost or stolen. Any signal from a de-authorized device is ignored. FCC Regulations Work closely with FCC representatives.
2/25/20 26 Pricing Model Base Package $300,000 Installation Support Survey of Complex and Recommended Transceiver Locations 5,000 Transceivers 3,000 Fobs 1 Master Receiver All Software NOTE: Master Control Unit Server hardware to be provided by customer infrastructure. 2/25/20 27 Pricing Model (contd) Optional Packages
Additional Fobs (1,000 each) - $25,000 Additional Transceivers (1,000 each) $45,000 for solar power option $30,000 for non-solar power option Maintenance and Support - $25,000 per year All software upgrades, fixes and patches included. Faster response time for support correspondence. Limited on-site support (for additional fee). 2/25/20 28 ODU Costs Based on Pricing Model $300,000 $75,000 $60,000 + $25,000 $460,000
Base Package Additional Fobs 3 @ $25,000 Additional Transceivers 2 @ $30,000 1 Year Maintenance & Support 4,500 Students Living on Campus (approximately) 1,600 Faculty and Staff (optional) 6,100 Population (estimated Max) The number of Transceivers Depends on the Desired Coverage Area (estimated 7,000 total receivers). 2/25/20 29 PASS Costs Based on Pricing Model Fobs $20 1 Transceivers $25-$36 Board $16 2 Enclosure $8 3 Battery $1
Solar Power (optional) $15 4 Master Receiver $50 - $100 Software Development $200,000 (estimate) Hardware Fabrication $60,000 (estimate) 1. 2. 3. 4. TOTALS Base Package $430,000 - $500,000 Additional Fobs $20,000 Additional Transceivers $25,000 - $39,000 http://www.sparkfun.com/commerce/product_info.php?products_id=8602
http://www.sparkfun.com/commerce/product_info.php?products_id=705 http://www.pactecenclosures.com/product-detail.php?classid=36 http://store.sundancesolar.com/small-encapsulated-solar-panels.html 2/25/20 30 Operational Costs Phase 1 Staffing: $176,120 Facilities: Donated by ODU Equipment: Donated by ODU Prototype Hardware: $100 For full staffing breakdown see data sheet 2/25/20 31 Operational Costs Phase 2 Staffing: $315,392
Facilities: $27,000 per year 2,000 sf facility @ $13.50 per sf 1 Equipment: $30,000 per year System Hardware: $400,000 (see pricing model) For full staffing breakdown see data sheet 1. Commercial Real Estate Guide 2/25/20 32 Operational Costs Phase 3 & Beyond Staffing: $459,536 Facilities: carried over from Phase 2 Equipment: carried over from Phase 2 Marketing: $10,000 System Hardware: $255,000 For full staffing breakdown see data sheet 2/25/20
33 Break Even Point Need 5 Sales to Break Even 3,000,000.00 2,500,000.00 2,000,000.00 Cost by Sale Income 1,500,000.00 1,000,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0 0 1 2
3 4 5 2/25/20 34 Questions? 2/25/20 35 Data Representation in Master Control Unit 2/25/20 36
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