Perioperative Nursing Care 1 Perianesthesia and Perioperative Nursing is the field of nursing that addresses the nursing roles associated with the three phases of surgical experiences : pre operative postoperative and intraoperative 2
Preoperative Nursing Care: begins when the decision to proceed with surgical intervention is made and end with the transfer of patient to the operation table 3 Examples of nursing activities in the preoperative phase include : Pre admission testing
Initial preoperative assessment Initiate teaching appropriate to patients needs Involve family in interview Verify completion of preoperative testing 4 Admission to surgical unite or center
Complete the preoperative assessment Assess for risk of complications Report upnormal findings Verify that informed consent obtained Answers family questions Develop a plan of care 5 Others also in the holding area prior to the surgery
Review patient chart Identify patient Verify surgical site Establish intravenous line eg canula Administer prescribed medications Provide support 6
Intraoperative Nursing Care Begins when patient is transferred to onto the operation table and ends with admission to the post anesthesia care unite Main nursing activities include Maintain safety Maintain aseptic environment Transfer patient to operation room or table Position the patient in correct alignment Ensure that instruments count are correct Complete documentation
7 Physiologic monitoring Calculate fluid loss or gain Distinguish normal and abnormal data Report changes in vital sign Physiologic support Provide emotional support 8 Postoperative Nursing Care Begins when patient is admitted to the post anesthesia care
unite and end with follow up evaluation in home or clinical setting Activities include Maintain airway Monitor vital sign
Assess the effect of anesthetic agents Assess complications assess pain Promote recovery and initiate teaching Initiate discharge plan 9 Surgical classification ( according to urgency) Emergent : immediately with no delay eg sever bleeding Urgent: patient needs prompt attention must be done within 24 hrs eg gall bladder infection and kidney stone
Required : patient must have surgery within few weeks or months eg cataract, Thyroid disorder Elective : failure to have surgery has some impact on patient life but not very dangerous eg repair of scare and simple hernia Optional : personal preference eg cosmetics 10 Preparation for Surgery Informed Consent process for getting permission before conducting a healthcare intervention on a person. A health care provider may ask a patient
Which procedures need informed consent ? Invasive procedure such as need anesthesia Non surgical procedure that carry considerable risk such as arteriography Procedures that involve radiation 11 Criteria for valid informed consent Voluntary Must be written Patient must be competent and able to comprehend
In case of incompetent patient family member or law representatives may give consent Should contain explanation of procedure Instruction that patient can withdraw consent Explanation that all patients questions would be answered and if there is any significant notes such as change in customary procedure 12 Assessment of health factor that affect patient preoperatively Nutritional and fluid status
Drug and alcohol abuse Respiratory status Cardiovascular status Hepatic and renal function Endocrine function Immune function Previous medication use Psychosocial factors Spiritual and cultural beliefs 13 Special situations
Ambulatory surgery : patient discharge the same day of surgery Obese patient Emergency surgery 14 Preoperative nursing intervention Preoperative teaching Deep breathing coughing exercise Teach patient how to promote mobility and active body movement by frequent position Leg exercise
Getting out of bed Pain management Coping strategies Reduce anxiety and fear 15 Maintain patient safety
Manage fluid status Prepare the bowel Prepare the skin 16 Immediate preoperative nursing interventions Administer pre anesthetic medications Maintain preoperative records Transport patient to the operation room 17
Outline Text Information Retrieval: 10-minute overview Problems with lexical retrieval Synonymy, Polysemy, Ambiguity A partial solution: synonym lookup Towards concept retrieval LSI Language Models for IR PLSI Towards real semantic search Entities, Relations, Facts, Events in Text (my research area)...
Create a REEF Polling Account. 1GO to app.reef-education.com or download the free native iOS app from the iTunes App Store or Android app from Google Play.. 2. Tap the . Create a New Account . option and complete the form....
Parasitism Mutualism: both benefit Mutualism: both benefit Homeostasis Maintaining a stable internal environment. Examples of Homeostasis The thickening of fur in winter The darkening of skin in sunlight The seeking of shade in heat, The production of more red blood...
- ability to operate in 134 low and middle income countries, with a preferred creditor status in more than 65 countries. Responsive - understands project requirements, provides a wide product range and flexible with regard to project/country priorities.
Student march for free tuition 2, Trafalgar Square, London, UK by Cory Doctorow, ... Tomlinson, M. (2007) Graduate Employability and Student Attitudes and Orientations to the Labour Market, Journal of Education and Work, 20, 4, 285-304.
HUB schools will host a Peace Fields Project event at the end of their project which will feature an exhibition of their schools work. A sports day event with up to 10 LINK schools (primary or secondary, each LINK school...
Soils generally developed from very deep loess. Limestone cliffs are also common. Middle Mississippi Division Forest - mostly mesic and dry forests associated with dissected uplands - dry are dominated by black oak and white oak; mesic by sugar maple,...
Hospitals are sued for wrongful death, not wrongful life in elopement cases. Every elopement attempt, regardless of success, should be investigated for process issues and missed opportunities to address the patient's escalation earlier in the cycle to prevent the patient...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!