Pelvis I: Bones and Muscles

Pelvis I: Bones and Muscles


Introduction--why is pelvis so hard? ReviewMale Reproductive Organs Male Orgasm Making a new humanwhat its all about Sperm Production Hormonal Control of Male Development, Sex Drive and Sperm Production Why is the pelvis hard

Private parts dont uncover except in most intimate setting (or medical setting!) Not comfortable seeing or talking about (except jokes) Now serious-many medical

issues Realize and confront, not dehumanize--develop professional manner and language--starts with anatomy Frolich, Human Anatomy, Reproductive Physiology Frolich, Human Anatomy, Pelvis I Male reproductive organs

Sperm produced in testes (left, right) Carried by vas deferens (left, right) up into abdominal cavity (millions of sperm in a few drops of testicular fluid) Join with urethra at base of penis Semen made by prostrate and seminal glands at base of penis Ejaculationsperm travel from testes, joined by semen, expelled through erect penis

The pelvic floor (review) MAIN STRUCTURES Ischial tuberosity Pubic symphysis Coccyx Sacrotuberous ligament Ischipubic ramus Perineal body Anus External urethral opening Vaginal opening Frolich, Human Anatomy, Pelvis I

MUSCULAR FLOOR AND SPHINCHTERS transverse perineal m. Anal triangle and urogentical triangle Levator ani m. Urogenital diaphragm EXTERNAL GENITALIA Clitoris or penis Ischiocavernosus m. Bulbospongiosus m.

(and labia majorum) Frolich, Human Anatomy, Pelvis I n male: No vaginal opening Urethra enters into penis Bulbospongiusus and schiocavernosus surround spongy erectile tissues at base of penis Frolich, Human Anatomy, Pelvis I

Penis anatomydetails Spony erectile tissues Paired corpora cavernosa with ischiocavernosus muscle at base Midline, ventral corpus spongiusum with urethra running down middle and bulbospongiosus at base Glans penis is head or tip of penis

Male Orgasm Male Orgasm Arousal Phase: Penis spongy tissue engorge leading to erection; Bulbo-urethral gland secretions lubricate urethra and glans of penis Emission Phase: Testicular fluid moves through vas deferens; Seminal vessicles and prostate

gland begin rhythmic contractions of ducts; Bladder and internal urethral sphinchter contract so that semen does not enter bladder Ejaculation/Orgasm Phase: Ischiocavernosus (stiffens penis) and Bulbospongiosus (moves semen towards end of urethra) muscles contract in pelvic floor; elevanted heart rate and blood pressure; intense pleasure sensations Resolution Phase/Detumescence:

Tension release; blood leaves erectile tissue; erection subsides Starting a new personthe end game: How are genetic traits combined and passed on from parent to offspring (Basic Bio review)

Meiosis produces gametes or sex cells (eggs and sperm) with just one member of each chromosome pair Fertilization results in union of female gamete (egg) with male gamete (sperm) Subsequent embryonic, fetal and embryonic development by mitosis and differentiation of cell types produces new individual

Meiosis (Basic Bio Review) Two nuclear divisions occur to make 4 haploid cells (cells with just one member of each chromosome pair) Meiosis results in gametes (egg and

sperm) Has 8 phases (4 in each meiosis I & II) So where does meiosis happen?

Tissue of testes is full of seminiferous tubules In walls of tubules, stem cells that give rise to sperm are constantly undergoing meiosis Sperm are then collected in epididymis

Sperm that are not ejaculated are reabsorbed back into testicular tissue Sustentacular cells

Form thick epithelial lining of seminiferous tubules Tight junctiones between keep sperm proteins from entering bood

Produce testicular fluid which helps move sperm Concentrate testosterone to stimulate sperm production Produce inhibin which slows sperm production Spermatogenesis

Sperms form in walls of seminiferous tubules Spermatogenic cells within sustentacular cells Meiosos proceeds as spermatocytes move towards lumen (4 sperm from each spermatocyte) Seminiferous tubulerete testis head/body/tail

epididymis vas deferens (through spermatic cord around bladder) urethra Vasectomy Vas deferens is cut Semen production and ejaculation are as before Sperm cannot travel through epididymis (in drops of testicular fluid)

to join semen As before, unejaculated sperm are reabsorbed into testicular fluid Hormonal Control of Sperm Formation and Male Development

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