NYS Child Welfare System: Improving Outcomes

NYS Child Welfare System: Improving Outcomes

NYS Child Welfare System: Improving Outcomes November 22, 2016 2/14/20 2/14/20 Welcome 2 2/14/20

Panelists: Division of Child Welfare and Community Services Executive Staff Laura Velez Deputy Commissioner Nina Aledort Associate Commissioner Renee Hallock Associate Commissioner Lisa Ghartey-Ogundimu Assistant Commissioner Lisa Gordon Senior Director 3 2/14/20 Agenda

Overview of Child Welfare and Community Services Child Welfare Practice and Outcomes Partnerships Looking Forward 4 2/14/20 5 Overview Who we are

and what we do 2/14/20 6 Division of Child Welfare and Community Services (CWCS) Vision: Children, families and adults are protected and supported in achieving safety, permanency and well-being. 2/14/20

New York State Child Welfare System New York is one of nine state-supervised, locally administered child welfare states Provides oversight, monitoring and technical assistance to: 58 local departments of social services (LDSS) St. Regis Mohawk Tribe 106 voluntary agencies 7

2/14/20 Four primary functions of local departments of social services Child Protective Services Preventive Services* Foster Care Services** Adoption Services *NYS is unique in that it funds 62% of all local child welfare preventive services. **Includes Close to Home Program in NYC

8 2/14/20 Preventive and Foster Care Agencies Mandated Preventive Services provided by LDSS or contracted preventive agency Foster Care Services provided by LDSS and voluntary agencies licensed by CWCS 9

2/14/20 10 Additional areas of responsibility of CWCS Native American Services Community-Based Programs Youth Development Services Runaway and Homeless Youth Services Adult Protective Services 2/14/20

11 Native American Services Monitors NYS compliance with the federal Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) Goal: placement with family or other Native families before non-Native placement Upholds NYS obligation to historic Indian treaties Serves as a liaison between state agencies and the nine NYS Tribal Nations

2/14/20 12 Community-Based Programs Program Number of Contracts Domestic Violence 74

Healthy Families New York 38 Children and Family Trust Fund 24 Public Private Partnerships 17 MDT/CACs

48 Bridges to Health 21 Total 222 2/14/20

13 Youth Development Primary prevention services to prepare disconnected youth for school, work and adult life Economic security, physical and emotional health, education 2.2 million children ages 0-21 served annually 674 community based programs across the state 2/14/20

Runaway and Homeless Youth Services 51 certified short-term crisis residential programs 58 Transitional Independent Living Support programs Non-residential programs serving runaway and homeless youth 14 2/14/20 15 Adult Protective Services

Collaboration between LDSS foster care and adult services units to address needs of foster care youth who are aging out and may need adult services New York State Cost of FinancialExploitation Study Federal grant to improve financial exploitation investigations Multidisciplinary teams to address financial exploitation, abuse and neglect of vulnerable adults 2/14/20 How does all this work get done?

16 2/14/20 17 Regional Offices: Scope of Licensing and Oversight Functions Voluntary Agencies 106 agencies

Adoption Agencies 96 adoption agencies Family Type Home for Adults 349 homes 1,147 beds Domestic Violence Residential Programs

159 programs 3,041 beds Runaway and Homeless Youth Programs 111 programs 1,104 beds Close to Home 26 non-secure programs/5 limited secure

220 non-secure/66 limited-secure beds 2/14/20 18 CWCS Directly Administers Statewide Central Register of Child Abuse and Maltreatment (SCR)

300,000 calls answered annually 60 percent are registered Conducts employment related database checks 275,012 in 2015 New York State Permanency Services Administer Interstate Compact on Placement of Children: 5,784 children Approve Adoption Subsidies: 2,472 (2015/2016) Administer photolisting of children freed for adoption Administer Putative Father Registry

2/14/20 19 Additional Direct Operations Investigations assigned by the Justice Center 2013 to date: Abuse and neglect investigations 3,351 Significant incidents 17,440 OCFS reviews local child fatality investigations

2013 2014 2015 276 283 299 2/14/20

Child Welfare Practice and Outcomes 20 2/14/20 21 Our Children Deserve Better Outcomes The Division of Child Welfare and Community Services has a

strong sense of urgency to improve our safety, prevention, permanency and well-being outcomes. 2/14/20 22 How do we approach this work? Outcomes Values Competencies Practices Strategies

2/14/20 23 How do we approach this work? Outcomes Values Competencies Practices Strategies

2/14/20 New York State Child Welfare Outcomes Prevention Safety Permanency Well-Being 24 2/14/20

25 How do we approach this work? Outcomes Values Competencies Practices Strategies 2/14/20 Values: Principles of Partnership

Everyone desires respect Everyone needs to be heard Everyone has strengths Judgments can wait Partners share power Partnership is a process 26 2/14/20 27

Values: Race Equity and Cultural Competence To increase awareness of disproportionate number of children of color in foster care Reduce racial and ethnic disparities and overrepresentation 2/14/20 Values: Data Driven Guided by federal performance measures Engaged in deep level of data analysis at the state and local level Training counties and agencies to

analyze their data Strategically placing resources to improve outcomes 28 2/14/20 What are we learning from the data? Where good practice exists and can be replicated Where we need to improve Where we need to direct resources

29 2/14/20 Decline in Foster Care Placements 30 2/14/20 31

Permanency for Children in Care 24+ Months (as of 4/1/15) 2/14/20 Relative Placements 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40%

30% 20% 10% 0% 32 2/14/20 33 How do we approach this work?

Outcomes Values Competencies Practices Strategies 2/14/20 Competencies: Training and Workforce Development 34

2/14/20 Competencies: Child Welfare Caseworker Development 35 2/14/20 36 How do we approach this work?

Outcomes Values Competencies Practices Strategies 2/14/20 37 Practices/Strategies: Prevention Families maintain a safe, stable environment for themselves and their children

Healthy Families New York (HFNY) Evidence-based program Research demonstrates improved birth, parenting and educational outcomes Children and Family Trust Fund Programs

Family Resource Centers Hospital-Based Safe Babies NY Program 2/14/20 38 Practices/Strategies: Safety Children are safely maintained in their own home, families and communities Family Assessment Response (FAR) CPS/Domestic Violence Collaboratives

CPS/Behavioral Health Consultants Safe Harbour: NY/Anti-Human Trafficking Multidisciplinary Teams/Child Advocacy Centers Child Fatality Review Teams (CFRTs) 2/14/20 39 Practices/Strategies: Permanency When it is necessary to place children in out-of-home care, it is a safe, short and stable experience concluding with permanent attachments to caring adults

Bridges to Health (B2H) Post-Adoption/Permanency Resource Centers Focus on Kinship

Kinship Guardianship Assistance Program (KinGAP) Diligent Recruitment and Retention of Foster Homes Lean: Business Process Re-engineering Permanency Roundtables (PRTs) Engaging Fathers 2/14/20 40 Practices/Strategies: Well-Being Children are cared for in safe, permanent and nurturing environments that meet their needs and develop their physical,

cognitive, behavioral and social functioning. As youth transition to adulthood, they benefit from services that promote healthy development, academic success and/or self-sustainability We cannot do it alone 2/14/20 State Agency Partnerships 41

2/14/20 We cannot do it alone 42 2/14/20 NYS Department of Health Safe Sleep Medicaid Redesign

43 2/14/20 NYS Education Department (SED) Purpose: To improve educational performance and high school graduation rates for youth in foster care. To increase post-secondary readiness for higher education or vocational education. 44 2/14/20

45 State University and City University of New York Creating protocol for the early identification of youth in foster care on SUNY Campuses Developing wrap-around services to improve college readiness and graduation rates 2/14/20 46

Higher Education Services Corporation (HESC) Purpose: To share information to maximize TAP awards for youth in foster care attending college. Average increase of $2,300 per student 410 students received a higher TAP award 2/14/20 47 Unified Court System

Purpose: Provide support to LDSS/Family Court collaboratives aimed at improving permanency timeframes for children in foster care Court Improvement Project Partnership for Youth Justice 2/14/20 48 Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) Purpose: In response to opiate epidemic.

Survey of all LDSSs to determine impact on child welfare: Collaborated with OASAS to conduct webinar OCFS/OASAS Regional Collaborations Statewide System Reform Project 2/14/20 49 Department of Labor: Pave the Road to Independence Governors State of the State Initiative

The Issue: 4,000 young adults are discharged annually from foster care 1/6 are discharged to independent living The Plan: Prioritize youth aging out

Connect up to 200 eligible youth with state internships Identify pathways for living supports and employment Early interventions for youth transitioning out 2/14/20 Division of Criminal Justice Services NYS Partnership for Youth Justice Childrens Advocacy Centers Youth with problematic sexual behaviors Human trafficking

Persons In Need of Supervision (PINS) 50 2/14/20 Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance (OTDA) Joint inspections of residential programs for victims of domestic violence Collaboration on homeless services to youth and young adults

51 2/14/20 52 Parks and Recreation Connecting Parks and Recreation with Youth Bureaus, LDSS and foster care agencies for Learn to Swim program and others. Park passes for free camping experiences for foster families

2/14/20 53 NYS Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence Fact: Domestic violence is the most frequently noted factor that places children at risk of child abuse/maltreatment Provide mandated domestic violence training for child protective workers 2/14/20

Other Strategic Partnerships 54 2/14/20 Responding to Legislation 55 2/14/20

56 Preventing Sex Trafficking and Safe Families Act [PL 113-183] Reasonable and Prudent Parenting SSL 383-a Immunity from liability for application of the reasonable and prudent parent standard Preventing sex trafficking Responding to youth who leave care without consent

Bill of Rights Limited liability for caregivers 2/14/20 Looking Forward 57 2/14/20 58

Emerging Challenges Transition to new federal administration Increasing percentage of youth coming into the foster care system with serious behavioral issues, including: Workforce turnover in counties and agencies Shrinking resources 2/14/20 59 2017 and Beyond

Increased focus on trauma-informed strategies Considering statewide use of the CANS screening tools to measure well-being indicators Exploring Signs of Safety Exploring Data Dashboard Developing contract with Wendys Wonderful Kids Enhancing oversight of foster boarding homes Expanded implementation of the Practice Model Continuation of Statewide Implementation Team

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