Male 2(I 3/3 C 1/1 P 3 or

Male 2(I 3/3 C 1/1 P 3 or

Male 2(I 3/3 C 1/1 P 3 or 4/3 M 3/3) = 40 or 42 teeth Female 2(I 3/3 C 0/0 P 3 or 4/3 M 3/3) = 36 or 38 teeth Length vs Width Aging Horses Eruption of permanent

incisors Shape changes of the lower incisor table surfaces Aging Horses Disappearance of cups 5-10 yr

range Appearance & position of Galvaynes Groove 9-20 yr range Aging Horses

Change in direction of upper & lower incisor arcades Aging Horses Disappearance of enamel ring (Mark) Upper corner incisor

hook (7 yrs & 11-13 yrs) Eruption Dates Eruption Dates Tooth First Incisor

Deciduous Birth - 2 wk Permanent 2.5 years Eruption Dates Eruption Dates

Tooth Second Incisor Deciduous 4 6 weeks Permanent 3.5 years

Eruption Dates Eruption Dates Tooth Third Incisor Deciduous 6 10 months

Permanent 4.5 years Disappearance of Cups 6 yr. Central lowers 7 yr. Lateral lowers 8 yr. Corner lowers

9 years 10 years 11 years 15 years

17 years 20 years Eruption Dates Eruption Dates Tooth

Deciduous Permanent Canine 4 5 years

First premolar (wolf tooth) 5 6 months Second premolar

Birth 2 weeks 2.5 years Eruption Dates Eruption Dates Tooth Third premolar

Deciduous Permanent Birth 2 weeks 3 years Fourth premolar Birth 2 weeks 3.5 years

Eruption Dates Eruption Dates Tooth Deciduous Permanent

First molar 9 12 months Second molar 2 years

Third molar 3.5 4 years PREVENTATIVE DENTAL CARE 2-3 year old Pull wolf teeth

Check 1st permanent cheek teeth for caps Check for points 3 year old Check 2nd permanent cheek teeth for caps 4 year old Check 3rd permanent cheek teeth for caps

Adult horses Examine annually Signs of Dental Disease

Repeatedly chewing food and expelling it Spilling/spitting grain Inefficient chewing

Cheek sensitivity Abnormal cheek swelling Sensitivity to bit (bit chewing) Head shaking or tilting Signs of Dental Disease

Foul odor from nostrils or mouth Excessive salivation (drooling) Exaggerated tongue movements Pain when drinking cold water

Signs of Dental Disease Bleeding from mouth Rough hair coat

Weight loss Poor performance

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