沒有投影片標題 - National Chengchi University

沒有投影片標題 - National Chengchi University

(II/V)II/V)) : 93 4 30 93 12 31 (II/V)1/3) 0 . (II/V)EXECUTIV)E SUMMARY)) 1 . 1.1 FTTx 1.2 NG-SDH 1.3 MPLS/GMPLS 1.4 2 . 2.1 (II/V)Wireless Local Area Network WLAN) 2.2 (II/V)Wireless Metropolitan Area Network WMAN) 2.3 (II/V)Wireless Personal Area Network WPAN) 2.4 B3G/4G 2.5

2 (II/V)2/3) 3 . 3.1 RFID ITS 3.2 3.3 4 . 4.1 4.2 4.3 5 . V)OIP/ENUM 5.1 V)OIP/ENUM 5.2 ENUM 5.3 V)OIP/ENUM 5.4 3 (II/V)3/3) 6 .

6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 4 1. 2. 3. 94

5 V)OIP/ENUM 6 V)OIP/ENUM 7 FTTx

NG-SDH MPLS/GMPLS 8 FTTH- PON APON EPON GPON ITU-T G.983 IEEE 802.3ah ITU-T G. 984 / 155/1 55Mbps /

155/622Mbps / 1.25/ :155 622Mbps 1 1.25Gbps .25 2.5Gbps :1.25G 2.5G ATM 802.3 ATM GFP ATM, Ethernet, TDM Ethernet, TDM(II/V) ) ATM, Ethernet, TDM QoS

2000 2004 7 2004 Pre-standar d 9 FTTx FTTB VDSL FTTH

10 FTTB L3 Gigabit FE 100Mbps L2 L2 10/ 10 0Mbps L2 VDSL VDSL 11 FTTH 2004 100 (MoD)MoD) VoIP 12

FTTx 13 FTTx NG-SDH MPLS/GMPLS 14 SONET/SDH (II/V)50ms ) (II/V) ) (II/V)Time Domain Multiplexing, TDM) SONET/SDH

(II/V)NG SONET/SDH) (II/V) Packet Circuit ) PDH (II/V)Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy) SDH Gigabit Ethernet 15 NG SDH Service Provider Ethernet over SONET/SDH Ethernet over RPR Switched Ethernet Ethernet Vendors AT&T

Accu-Ring Etherne t Service Channels Ultravailable Manag ed OptEring Service * Managed Internet AccessEthernet Access * Ethernet Private Line MAN * Ethernet Private Line WAN * Ethernet Access to IP VPN and ATM/Frame Relay(in beta trials) * Cisco Layer 2/3 Switches, 15454 * Lucent DMX family * Nortel 3500 BellSouth Gigabit Ethernet over SONET(in trials) * NMLI(Native Mode LAN Interconnection) intra-LATA * Gigabit Ethernet inter-LATA * ADVA CPE

* Alcatel Layer 2 switches * Cisco 15454 * Lucent DMX family SBC Ethernet over SONET * GigaMAN * Ethernet DIA * Milti-Service Optical Netwo rk * Alcatel Layer 2 switches * Cisco Layer2/3 switches, 15454 * Nortel 3xxx and 5xxx(metro WDM) Deutsche Telekom Ethernet VPN Lucent AM SDH

16 NG SDH Service Provider Ethernet over SONET/SDH Ethernet over RPR Switched Ethernet Ethernet Vendors * Cisco Layer 2/3 Switches * UTStarcom NetRing 10000 CHT ( ) V V V

17 (II/V)Quality of Service, QoS) 18 FTTx NG-SDH MPLS/GMPLS 19

MPLS vs. GMPLS MPLS IP LSP GMPLS MPLS GMPLS GMPLS GMPLS GMPLS AS ON IP Link Managem ent Protocol LMP Control Plane MPLS-TE PSC TSC LSC FSC LSP IP GMPLS La bel Switch Router LSR LSP Suggested Label Label set LSP 20 MPLS/GMPLS (II/V)Ne

w) MPLS V)PN AT&T V)erizon BellSouth MPLS Path 1 Level 3 GMPLS V)PN MPLS V)PN 2004 Supercomm IP over Optical KDDI NTT V)erizon A T&T

21 MPLS (II/V)New) MPLS V)PN Seednet(II/V) ) TTN(II/V) ) APOL(II/V) ) MPLS IP V)PN Mu lti-AS BGP/MPLS V)PN (II/V)SLA) Seednet (II/V)ERP CRM) (II/V)APOL) QoS CoS

(II/V)SLA) 22 V)PN MPLS MPLS GMPLS IP Bandwidth on Demand O-V)PN IP

23 V)OIP/ENUM 24 WAN 3GPP, EDGE (GSM) IEEE 802.20 (proposed) IEEE 802.16 Wi

relessMAN IEEE 802.11 WirelessLAN IEEE 802.15 Bluetooth MAN LAN PAN ETSI HiperMAN & HIPERACCESS ETSI HiperLA N ETSI HiperPA N Ref : WiMAX Presentation on 10/13 2003 at ITU Telecom 25 (II/V)WLAN) (II/V)modified) 802.11a : 5GHz 54Mbps

802.11b : 2.4GHz 11Mbps 802.11c : MAC Bridge IEEE 802.1D 802.11d : IEEE 802.11 802.11e : WhiteCAP IEEE 802.11 MAC QoS 802.11f : (II/V)Access Point, AP) 802.11g : 2.4GHz 54Mbps 802.11h : IEEE 802.11a HiperLAN 2 802.11i : IEEE 802.11 MAC 802.11j: 4.9GHz 802.11n: MAC (II/V)SAP) 100Mbps 26 WLAN (II/V)new) WLAN WLAN IEEE 802.11g 2004 IEEE 802.11b

27 (II/V)new) Shared Key Authentication WEP RC4 802.1x WPA TKIP RC4 802.11i 802.1x WPA2 CBC-MAC CCMP AES 28 802.11i (II/V)new) IEEE 802.11i 2004 6 24

802.11i = WPA + WPA2 WPA WPA2 802.1x 802.1x 802.1x 802.1x WPA WPA2 WPA WEP TKIP WLAN TKIP WEP WEP WEP RC4 TKIP -IEEE TKIP WPA2 AES Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code(II/V)CBC-MA C) CCM (II/V)CCMP) - AES RC4 AES WLAN WLAN 29

WAPI (II/V)ne w) IEEE IEEE 2001 WLAN IP 863 IP WAPI(II/V)WLAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure) 2003 5 12 2003 11 26 110 2003 12 1 WAPI 2004 6 1 2004 4 Wi-F i 2004 6 1 WA PI WAPI IEEE

WAPI 30 (II/V)WMAN) WiMAX : Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access : 802.16 Intel Nokia Proxim Wi-LAN Fuji tsu 2003 WiMAX IEEE 802.16x IEEE 802.16x : 802.11 Wi-Fi Alliance : 802.16 802.16 access profiles (II/V)Principal) (II/V)Regular) (II/V)Servic e Provider) BT UK Broadband Iberbanda MV)S Net Neotec PCCW Qwest XO Reliance Infocomm

31 IEEE 802.16 (II/V)modify) (II/V)) 802.16-2004 P802.16e(II/V) 802.16f 802.16g 802.16-2004 P802.16e(II/V) 802.16e)

802.16e) 802.16f 2004 2005 2004 2004 2005 Q2Q2 20042004 7 (II/V)2005 (II/V)2 005 Q3 Q3Q4) (II/V)2007Q1) Q4) 2~6GHz 10~66GHz 2~11GHz 802.16-2004 MIBMIB 802.16 802.16-2004 2~6GHz 802.16d(II/V)

WiMAX 802.16d(II/V) , System Profiles 802.16REV)d) 802.16REV)d) 802.16802.16c- 802.16-2001 2002 2001 Max 134 Mbps Max 75 Mbps (II/V)20MHz Max Mbps (II/V)5MHz 802.16a 802.16a Max1515 Mbps (II/V)5MHz 802.16802.16c

(II/V)28MHz ) ) 802.16c ) ) 2004 802.16-2004 802.16-2004 2~5 7~10 2~5 2~5 50 OFDM 256 sub-carriers OFDM 256 sub-carriers QPSK16QAM OFDM 256 sub-carriers (II/V) Q PSK, 16QAM,

(II/V) Q PSK, 16QAM, (II/V)QPSK, 16QAM, 64 QAM 64QAM) 64QAM) 64QAM) //) 20~100+ (II/V)2(II/V)0~100+ ) 20, 25 and 28 1.5~20 MHz FDD 1.5~20 FDD 1.5~20MHz MHz FDD MHz for TDD

802.16-2004 (II/V)Point-to 802.16-2004 (II/V)Point-to-Point) Multipoints) (II/V)Hand-off) QoSQoS (II/V)H and-off) 802.16-2001 200112 802.16a 802.16c 20033 / 20049 200212

32 WiMAX 1/3 (II/V)new) WiMAX WiMAX Mohammed Shakouri 3.5GHz 3.5GHz 3.5 GHz FCC 3.6GHz 2.5G Hz MMDS 2.5GHz Sprint Nextel WiMAX WiMAX 2006 WiMAX

33 WiMAX 2/3 (II/V)new) WiMAX 3G ? WiMAX 2004 6 WiMAX (II/V)WiMAX friendly) 34 WiMAX 3/3 (II/V)new) WiMAX WiMAX 2.5GHz MMDS 3.5GHz 5.8GHz WiMAX 3G 3G WiM

AX WiMAX 35 3.5G (II/V)new) 3.5G 3399.5MHz 3431.0MHz 3499.5MHz 3531.0MHz QPSK GFSK BPSK 16QAM 64QAM (II/V)FDMA) (II/V)TDMA) (II/V)CDMA) 36 (II/V)new) 2001 6 5 3.5GHz

2002 5 32 2003 3 [S15]S15] 6 9 2004 4 14 3.5GHz (II/V) ) 27 (II/V) ) 3.5GHz [S15]S20] 37 (II/V)WPAN) WPAN (II/V)Bluetooth) UWB(II/V)Ultra Wide Band) Zigbee IEEE 802.15.1 2003 2003 11 version 1.2 Adaptive Frequency Hopping AFH UWB IEEE 802.15.3a

2002 2 FCC UWB : OFDM (II/V) MBOA ) XtremeSpectrum CDMA IEEE ZigBee IEEE 802.15.4 PC 38 (II/V)WPAN) 2003 Bluetooth 8,000 2002 3,50 0 2 70% 30% PDA headset 65% 25% 10% ABI(II/V)Allied Business Intelligence) 2007 UWB 4,510 13.9 UWB In-Stat/MDR 802.15.4 2008 1.

6 ON World 2010 77 ZigBee 39 B3G/4G (II/V)new) B3G(II/V)Beyond 3G) ITU Systems Beyond IMT-2000 Beyond IM T-2000 B3G 4G B 3G 4G 4 (II/V)4G) ITU B3G 40 B3G (II/V)new) ITU B3G IMT-2000 2005 IMT-2000 30Mpbs IMT-2000 2010

100Mpbs 1Gbps IP QOS IMT-2000 WLAN BWA 41 (II/V)1/3) (II/V)new) WLAN WLAN WLAN WLAN

In-Stat/MDR WLAN IC WLAN Agere Atheros Broadcom Conexant I ntel Marvell (II/V)Texas Instruments) WLAN WLAN IEEE 802.11g 2004 IEEE 802.11b 42 (II/V)2/3) (II/V)new) 802.16 IEEE WiMAX 2005 802.16d WiMAX 2005 WiMAX ABI Research

WiMAX WiMAX WiMA X (II/V)BWA) cable D SL 802.16e(II/V)WiMAX ) 3G ABI Research WiMAX WiMAX 2.5GHz MMDS 3.5GHz 5.8GHz 43 (II/V)3/3) (II/V)modified) In-Stat/MDR ZigBee UWB ZigBee IEEE 802.15.4a ZigBee UWB ZigBee WPAN 2003 B3G 4G

IP-based 44 WLAN WiMAX 3G 3G WiMAX WiMAX UWB ZigBee 45

V)OIP/ENUM 46 RFID / (II/V)DSRC) ITS (II/V) ) (II/V)CV)O) 47 ITS/CV)O

48 ITS/CV)O 2004 6 15 6 500 1 3000 13.56MHz DSRC GPS GPRS 49

J2EE(II/V)Java 2 Enterprise Edition) (II/V)Multi-tier) (II/V)Open Source) (II/V)Linux+MySQL+JBoss) 50 Cell Update (II/V) ) Cell Update (II/V) ) (II/V) )

51 (MoD) ) 3 /6 6 /9 : (II/V) ) (MoD) ) 52

V)OIP/ENUM 53 Hot Spot

(II/V)Coverage) (II/V)Mobility) (II/V)billing) (II/V)Roaming) WLAN cellular

WLAN 54 (II/V)1/2) WLAN WLAN WLAN PWLAN (II/V) ) 55 (II/V)2/2)

WISP Hot Spot 56 802.11 WLAN PWLAN

(II/V) WLAN ) 57 vs.

58 WLAN Solution

(II/V)Millions) (II/V)Billions) LBS 59 Cell-ID GPS

60 Solution GPS 61

VOIP/ENUM 62 ENUM Federal Off ice of Com munication s(OFCOM)

2002 5 RIPE-NCC 9.4.e164.arpa (DE 2002 6 ENUM working-group NIC) 2002 9 ENUM trial ENUM 2003 8 DENICeG and the Regulatory Authority for Telecommunications and Posts (RegTP) German ENUM trial Directorate 2002 5 TSB 1.3.e164.arpa -General 2002 12 NLEG ENUM in the Netherlands for ENUM Trial Telecom. ENUM 63 and Post 2002 2 ENUM 2002 11 OFCOM ENUM ENU M ENUM workin g group 2003 9 OFCOM 1.4.e164.arpa 2003 10

Trial test phase 2005 9 ENUM (MiniMini stry of Informa tion Industry) (CNNIC) 2001 11 CNNIC ENUM 2002 1 ENUM 2002 9 RIPE-NCC 6.8.e164.arpa 2002 9 (Miniperformance) 2003 12 ENUM http://www.enum.cn SIP UAs IP/PSTN gateway ENUM enabled SIP proxy Austral

ian Communication s Authority(ACA) 2002 9 Introduction of ENUM in Australia ENUM 2003 4 Australian Enum Discu ssion Group(MiniAEDG) 2003 7 AEDG Context Document for the Australian ENUM Trial 2003 ENUM Trial 9 2004 4 3 ENUM 4 APEET Asia Pacific EN UM Engineerin g Team SGNIC CNNI C JPRS KRN IC TWNIC 20 04 7 ccTLD administrators (Minior its designated representatives) as defin ed in IANA database Members may share ENUM software together although source code sharing is not mandated Members share the common "golden root" APENUM.ORG for the trials The numbers APEET assigns under APENUM.ORG are NOT E.164 (MiniPhone) nu mbers. They are identifiers, much like OID, protocol numbers, IP address et

c, for the use of the technical trials only. Official E.164 (MiniPhone) numbers sh ould and must be obtained from the respective regulators and issued unde r e164.arpa Each APEET member is entitled to choose only one 1 to 3 digit number of t heir choice under APENUM.ORG. The number selection is the sole discrete 64 of the members and not tied to any principle or published list ENUM CPE oriented Soft Client IP phones PingTel ENUN-enabled IP phone xpressa ENUM Trial IP CPE oriented service ENUM-enabled E-mail ENUM-enabled MMS ENUM-enabled Softphone PSTN to IP Cisco V)oIP gateway trunk and carrier routing (II/V)release 12.3 ) IP to PSTN PSTN to IP IP PBX IP to IP Cisco SIP Proxy Server (II/V)CSPS) version 2.2

V)oIP V)oIP routing Stealth 2003 4 ENUM V)oIP service provider ENUM ENUM enabled 65 V)oIP/ENUM - 1/ 2 Wireless E911 PSAP 911 caller 911 caller 50~100 The FCC established a four-year rollout schedule for Phase II, beginning October 1, 2001 and to be completed by December 31, 2005. V)oIP V)oIP Wireless FCC V)oIP E911

66 V)oIP/ENUM - 2/ 2 V)oIP PSTN locate V)oIP service provider service provider V)onage AT&T V)erizon Qwest Packet8 IP 67

V)oIP/ENUM - (II/V)1/4) (II/V)call-identifying information) (II/V)Communications Assistance for Law Enforcem ent Act CALEA) FCC V)oIP Information Service

68 V)oIP/ENUM - (II/V)2/4) carrier CPE originate terminate carrier SIP (II/V)peer-to-peer) Peer-to-Peer P2P 69 V)oIP/ENUM - (II/V)3/4) V)oIP IP V)oIP SDP payload media

NAT V)oIP Content of Communications IP-basec (II/V)Bridge) Content of Communications LEA IP Edge router IP IP LEA 70 V)oIP/ENUM - (II/V)4/4) V)oIP Instant Message IM E-mail

Summary 71 ENUM Trial ISP V)oIP V)oIP V)oIP IP PSTN IP V)oIP V)oIP

72 V)OIP/ENUM 73 01-05 NT $165 2002 NT $19

V)oIP CATV) Trip le play / 74 JPG GIF TIF BMP PNG. (II/V).TXT) (II/V)PDF) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------

75 ----------------------------------------------- 0 1 (II/V)TIFF/ JPEG) (II/V)JPEG) (II/V)GIF)

3D

bmp psd tiff gif jpeg eps dxf ps wmf 76 NARROWBAND AUDIO BROADCAST TELECONFERENCING WIRED TELEPHONY WIRELESS TELEPHONY SECURE VOICE

1.0 2.0 4.0 8.0 16 64 128 BIT RATE (kbit/sec) 77 2000 WIDEBAND AUDIO STORAGE FM TO CD AUDIO QUALITY APPLICATIONS

AUDIO CODING SPEECH CODING CODING PARADIGMS ITU-T: H.26x (II/V)e.g.,H.261, H.262, H.263, and H.26L) ISO/IEC JTC1: MPEG-x (II/V)e.g., MPEG-1, MEPG-2, and MPEG-4) 78 Multimedia content description interface MPEG7 (II/V)new) ISO/IEC 2001 9 MPEG7 system

79 Mpeg-21 (II/V)new) / / / A &

: , 2001, 96 80 B (II/V) ) (II/V)CDN) int ernet

81 (II/V) ) Cable /xDSL Fiber Copper pair/ xDSL DTH LMDS PLC GPRS

UMTS DTTV WiFi 82 (II/V)1/2) (II/V) ) Network Delay WAN / Internet Branch Office Bandwidth Bottleneck

Corporate HQs/ Data Center Regional Office Server Bottlenecks Enterprise Data Center 83 (II/V)2/2) (II/V) ) CDN Content Distribution and Management Content Content Content Routing Content Content Delivery

Content Content Content Routing Content Delivery Content Content 84 (II/V) ) Distance Learning & Streaming IPTV) Streaming advertisement entertainment by video streaming video communication & video mail video information Content Delivery and Management (II/V)Sold to IT, Engineering and Marketing)

85 DRM License Server Request 86 Download

Macrovision DV)D Contents Scramble System (II/V)CSS ) PKI (II/V)Public key) (II/V)Private Key) 87 Mpeg-7 Mpeg-21

ODRL DRM XrML DRM Metadata 88 (II/V)1/2) 2007 38% 2007 75% 304 2007 600 206 WLAN 170 1.5M ADSL 50M 100M IPv4 IPv6 50% 90% 5,400 2007 8,200

89 (II/V)2/2) (II/V)e-Ta iwan)

90 (II/V)1) (II/V)2) (II/V)3) (II/V)4) 91 1.

2. 3. 4. 94 92 (II/V)94 ) IP /

IP / 93 FTTx MoD Triple Play(MoD) VoI P) Triple Play FTTx

95 PON PON APON EPON GPON FTTH 96 MPLS V)PN MPLS V)PN : Martini L2 MPLS based V)PNs Draft, draft-ietf-pwe3-control-protocol-07.txt, June 2004 Kompella L2 MPLS based V)PNs Draft, draft-kompella-l2vpn-l2vpn-00.txt, January 2004 Transparent LAN Services Draft, draft-ietf-l2vpn-vpls-ldp-03.txt, April 2004 MPLS V)PN : RFC 2547bis BGP/MPLS V)PNs Draft, draft-ietf-l3vpn-rfc2547bis-01.txt, September 2003

MPLS Internet L2 and L3 MPLS V)PN MPLS 97 NG-SDH NG SONET/SDH Worldwide Revenue Forecast Optical Transport Market 2500 2000 Metro DWDM 1500 3G SONET/SDH 1000 Optical Switch

500 0 [S15]Y)ankee Group, 2003] 2002 Y)ear 2007 [S15]Jan. 2003, Dell Oro Group] 98 GMPLS OV)PN Optical V)irtual Private Network OV)PN OV)PN OV)PN OV)PN

99 MPLS Traffic Engineering IETF RFC2702 (II/V)Control Plane) IP T E (II/V)Data Plane) MPLS 100 ASON GMPLS / Bandwidth on Demand ASON GMPLS ASON ASON Control Plane

GMPLS ASON 101 (II/V)WLAN) WLAN 2001 2002 2003 GlobeSpan Virata 44.8 50.7 54.0

Agere 30.9 24.4 16.0 RFMD 4.2 5.6 6.0 Atheros 1.8 5.4 4.0 TI 0.0

4.5 8.0 Broadcom 0.0 3.9 4.0 Other 18.3 5.5 8.0 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

GlobeSpan Varita 2003 7 Intersil 2002 Intersil IDC MIC 2004.2 2004.3 102 802.11n (II/V)new) IEEE802.11n 61 802.11n TG nSynch Atheros 40MHz Matsushita (II/V)Philips) (II/V)Sony) TG nSynch 40MHz (II/V)World Wide Spectrum Efficiency WWiSE) Airgo Broadcom Conexant Mitsubishi (II/V)Motorola) STMicroelectronics Bermai (II/V)Texas Instruments) 20MHz MIMO(II/V) )

103 (II/V)WLAN) WLAN WLAN IC WLAN 2003 84 (II/V) ) 104 (II/V)WLAN) WLAN WLAN Cisco-Lin ksys Buffal 9 WLAN 2001 2002

2003 Cisco-Linksys 27.6 28.0 32.1 Melco-Buffalo 10.2 9.2 9.0 D-Link 5.3 8.0 8.7 Proxim ORiNOCO

7.8 7.9 7.4 Other 49.1 46.9 40.9 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 Gartner 2004.2 2004.3

105 3.5G (II/V)new) CCS CRS CS TS TE/CPN TS TE/CPN TS TE/CPN TS TE/CPN TS

TE/CPN RS CS: CCS: CRS: TS: RS: TE/CPN: / UNI TE/CPN 106 IEEE 802.16 (II/V)new) 802.16-2001 (II/V)2001/12) 802.16c-2002 (II/V)2002/12)

802.16a (II/V)2003/1) 802.16e (II/V) 2005/Q2) 802.16-2004 (II/V)2003/7) 802.16f (II/V)2005/Q3~Q4) 107 802.16g (II/V)2007/Q1) (II/V)WPAN) WPAN Bluetooth UWB ZigBee

1~10Mbps 100~480Mbps 20~250bps 2.402~2.48GHz 3.1~10.06GHz 2.4G 968M 915MHz 5 20 3 UWB Bluetooth

10 10 30 PC PC & WLAN

5 Bluetooth & WLAN Bluetooth Lite

108 (II/V)WPAN) (MBOA UWM Form) MBOA UWM Form OFDM CDMA Intel TI Nokia Motorola 20 (II/V)2005 ) 5~6 (II/V)2007 ) 30 (II/V)2005 ) 8~10 (II/V)2007 )

109 RFID RFID (II/V) transponder or Tag) (II/V)Re ader) (II/V)ID Co de) RFID (II/V)Transpo nder )

(II/V)Antenna) (Reader) RF Reader RS232/RS422(RS485) (Hand-held Computer) (Tag, Transponder) 110 Tag Reader TagReader ITU B3G road map (II/V)new)

1999 ITU-R WP8F 3G B3G 2001 10 WP8F IMT-2000 IMT-2000 IMT-V)IS 2020 111 B3G/4G 3G (II/V)new) B3G/4G 3G B3G/4G B3G/4G 112 RFID Vcc Clock Divider Memory

OUT PUT IC BPF DEMO OUT PUT Tag Reader 113 (II/V)Tag) Price Active, Reader in one Active Passive w/ Battery Passive w/ Memory and/or sensor Simple Passive

Function 114 RFID ta a d y ll a u n a M t u p in Cyber Space r a B

e d co Real space 115 RFID Privacy Manufacture Process Dealer Store Consumer 2nd use Carrying

Consent necessary No problem on Privacy issue Privacy boundary 116 destroy RFID (II/V) Pavement Device) 117 13.56MHz RFID FeliCa IC / Tag 13.56 MHz 212 kb sub-carrier.

118 FeliCa (MoD)1) : DES/RSA 0.1 119 FeliCa (II/V)2): (II/V)Anti-tear Transaction) Access keys application fir ewalls 120 FeliCa 121

NTT DoCoMo FeliCa & PHSBusiness Model i-application DoCoMo Initial Investment Finance Fee, Share-out of Sales i-mode Server i-application Service Packet Charge New FeliCa Service User P506iC FeliCa R/W F900iC Value Payment

Service Provider System & HW Payment Money Flow Flow of Service HW & SW construction System Vender R/W maker SH506iC SO506C 122 FeliCa Inside (II/V)on-line shopping) (II/V)shopping) Key/ID Membership (II/V)Transportation) (II/V)ticket) (II/V)Memory card)

123 RFID ITS FeliCa Dual SIM card Smart IC Card P hone, / / , 3G , Killer Application 124 FeliCa FeliCa-Based Enabled Cell Phone cell phone NTT DoCoMo 1 FeliCa FeliCa-Based Enabled Cell Phone (MoD) : : , )

125 3G/GPRS/WLAN Notebook /PDA 3G/GPRS /WLAN Nokia SONY) Ericsson Option 3G/GPRS/WLAN Nokia Motorola Calypso Cel lvic NTT DoCoMo 3G/GPRS/WLAN Sample Lucent Alcatel Ericsson Gre en Packet

126 V)oicestream NTT DoCoMo 2001 PWLAN 2002 6 Mzone WLA MobileStar N 2003 3 WLAN 2003 7 GPRS P-in Free 2PWL PHS+ WLAN

WLAN PHS WLAN / GPRS WLAN 2004 7 / GPRS/EDGE 3G T-mobile 3G(II/V)FOMA)+ WL AN 127 T-Mobile 2004 GPRS 3G WL AN 90 70

WLAN GPRS 3G NICI NICI iB3G 2004 /WLAN ISPs M-Taiwan e-Taiwan (II/V)b usiness iB3G

trial) 128 Mio 8860 2004 7 Q4 WLAN WLAN P505 SP230 P50 2004 7 2004 5 2004 8

WLAN WLAN WLAN 2003 12 GPRS/ WLAN 2004 279 810 GSM WLAN (II/V) ) 2003 12 WLAN/GPRS 3000 400 2004 7 6 129

/ WLAN 2004 (II/V)OSS) WLAN (II/V)GSM/GPRS/3G) WLAN WLAN (II/V)2G+3G)/WLAN GSM/GPRS/3G/WLAN 130

(II/V)Global Positioning System, GPS) (II/V)push) (II/V)pull) Push * * * : Pull Push 131

Network-based Cell-ID CSI ID(II/V)Cell Sector) AOA(II/V)Angle of Arrival) TDOA(II/V)Time Difference Of Arrival) UL-TOA(II/V)Uplink Time of Arrival) CGI+TA (II/V)Cell Global Identity and Timing Advance) LPM(II/V)Location Pattern Matching) Cell-ID GPS E-OTD A-GPS Handset-based GPS Hybrid Solution E-OTD

(II/V)Enhanced Observed Time Difference) A-GPS (II/V)Assisted Global Positioning System Wireless Assisted GPS WAG) / Network-Based 100 -/ Handset-Based 5-50 / Network-Based 50-500 / + Handset-Based 5-50 / +

132 Source IT Square 2003/02 200 3/12 GPS 2003 130 2002 16 200 8 215 2003-2008 11% 14% 2001 25% 3G 200 2 E911 WAP

LBS V)odafone UK 2004 3 1.9 % locati on 133 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 2003 2004

2005 2006 2007 2008 Strategy Analytics IEK-ITIS (II/V)2003/05) 75% 64% 58% 36% 35% 32% 25% 75% 64%

58% 36% 35% 32% 25% 25% GPS GPS

20% / 7% 5% 4% 13% 0% 10% 20%

30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Jupiter Media Metrix 2002/0 4 134 GPS J-Phone(II/V)V)odafone) J-sky Station J-Navi GPS NTT DoCoMo

2001 i-mode i-Area Cell-ID DoCoMo 2003 DoCoMo PDC A-GPS F661i DoCoMo 3G FOMA KDDI 2001 12 GPS(II/V)gpsOneTM) 3 GPS KDDI GPS 2003 640 KDD I 40% 135 Cell-ID

eCity eCity PHS 136

/ 850 137 V)oIP/ENUM VoIP/ENUM IETF ITU-T ETSI V)oIP ENUM ENUM ENUM User ENUM Operator ENUM VoIP/ENUM -ENUM

VoIP/ENUM - 138 VoIP/ENUM - CALEA Architecture Service Provider Domain Access Function Provisioning I I F Intercept Related Information (II/V)call/session events) Content of Communications Delivery/ Mediation Function

Admin IRI Mediation Content Mediation IIF - Internal Intercepting Function Demarcation point Provisioning Standards Compliant Messages Standards Compliant Content J-STD-025; PacketCable 139 Law Enforcement

Monitoring Function Court Order Law Enforcement Agency (II/V)LEA) VoIP Solution Intrado VoIP Emergency Callin g Services ECS IP phone 9-1-1 TN+X/Y), address, Subscriber info DSL or Cable modem Customer Provisioning System Terminal Server Callers ANI IP network

PSAP DN Call Router Intrado Position Server PSTN Media Gateway 140 PSAP V)oIP Solution Nortel Nortel Networks 2004 3 V)oIP/E911 NENA V)oIP/E911 review 141

142 (II/V) ) 143

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