Mandatos informales

Mandatos informales

Los mandatos informales T commands Los mandatos Qu es un mandato? Un mandato, or command, is a way of influencing others to do what we want them to. Consider the following examples: Johnny, (you) eat your vegetables! Penny, (you) dont talk on the phone so long! In English we only have one form for commands, however, in Spanish remember that there are two ways to say you (t vs. usted). T commands Qu son? Informal commands (los mandatos

informales) are used with persons whom you would address as t: Recuerden Uds. la diferencia entre t y usted. 1. Usted formal (ejemplos?) 2. T informal (ejemplos?) T commands Los mandatos afirmativos The affirmative t commands are the easiest form to make. Siempre son la tercera persona singular! Hablar: (l/ella/Ud.) habla Comer: (l/ella/Ud.) come Escribir: (l/ella/Ud.) escribe T commands Los mandatos afirmativos - Prctica jugar afuera

vivir Espaa Juega afuera! bailar conmigo Vive Espaa! beber la cerveza Baila conmigo! manejar el Bebe la cerveza! coche Maneja el coche! imprimir el Imprime el ensayo ensayo! sacar buenas Saca buenas T commands Los mandatos afirmativos formas irregulares While the majority of the affirmative commands are regular, there are a few irregular forms to be memorized:

Decir: di Salir: sal Hacer: haz Ser: s** Ir: ve* Tener: ten Poner: pon Venir: ven *Ojo: Los mandatos afirmativos de t para ir and ver son iguales. Cmo vamos a distinguirlos? Ve esa pelcula! vs. Ve a casa ahora mismo! **Noten que hay un acento en el mandato de ser. Por qu? Pronombres y mandatos afirmativos La posicin de los pronombres (igual que los mandatos formales): (1) Afirmativos: siempre tienen que

aadirlos al mandato. Cmelas! - Eat them (vegetables)! Cllate! - Shut (yourself) up! T commands Los mandatos negativos The negative t commands are formed in a similar way to the formal (Ud.) commands: Formal Commands: (1) Begin with yo form Hablar Comer Vivir hablo como vivo (2) Take away yo form ending and add opposite ending Ar: -es Er/Ir: -as (3) The resulting form is the formal command: Hablar

Comer Vivir hables comas vivas T commands Los mandatos negativos La posicin de los pronombres (igual que los mandatos formales): (1) Afirmativos: siempre tienen que aadirlos al mandato. Cmelas! - Eat them (vegetables)! Cllate! - Shut (yourself) up! (2) Negativos: siempre tienen que ponerlos delante (in front of) del verbo conjugado. No las comas! - Dont eat them (vegetables)! No te calles! - Dont shut (yourself) up! Vamos a practicar

Necesitas formar mandatos afirmativos y negativos para ayudar el medio ambiente (Usa los pronombres). contaminar/el aguaNo lo contamines. Protgelo. proteger/ el bosque lluvioso No los desperdicies. desperdiciar/los recursos naturales No los uses. usa/productos desechables reclicar/las botellas Recclalas. conservar/la energa Consrvala. salvar/ los animales en peligro Slvalos. construir/edificios en el bosque No los construyas. T commands

a e V .c w w w / / : p t t h l m p a l n

.e y olb in g /~ u d n k b ad o

s l e : b e w e rc e x e / n o c /

s e is d n a m m t h . s

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